- PhD, Algal Physiology, Monash University, Australia, 1999
- BSc Honours, First Class-Plant Biochemistry, University of Western Australia, 1988
- BSc, Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, 1987
The research in my lab focuses on the ecophysiology of photosynthesis, nutrient acquisition and nutrient limitation in plants, algae and microbes in ecosystem scales from coastal oceans to large lakes to small ponds to micro-ecosystems associated with carnivorous pitcher plants. A key area is Phosphorus Acquisition by freshwater phytoplankton, benthic filamentous algae and bacteria. Our research includes examining expression and function of alkaline phosphatase (AP), use of a range of organic P sources, and the ecological role of viral lysis of bacteria and phytoplankton in release of P in freshwater ecosystems. We are also examining use of natural algal assemblages to strip nutrients from wastewater and produce biomass for biofuels production. In the lab, we employ physiological measurements of metabolic processes including nutrient fluxes, photosynthesis and respiration, enzyme activity and expression, molecular analysis of genes involved in acquisition, assimilation and cycling of nutrients, and genetic analysis of nutrient transformations by microbes. Physiological stress in algae is examined using cell staining assays and chlorophyll a fluorescence with PAM fluorometry and epifluorescence microscopy. The role of viral lysis in P cycling is being examined in field, laboratory and modeling experiments. My research interests also include inorganic carbon acquisition by algae and regulation by variable light, carbon dioxide and nutrient availability.
Fremin, Brayon J., Bhatt, Ami S., Kyrpides, Nikos C., Global Phage Small Open Reading Frame (GP-SmORF) Consortium, , and Young, Erica B. “Thousands of small, novel genes predicted in global phage genomes.” Cell Reports
39. (2022): 110984.
Strzepek, Robert, Nunn, Brook, Bach, Lennart, Berges, John A., Young, Erica B., and Boyd, Philip. “The ongoing need for rates: can physiology and omics come together to co-design the measurements needed to understand complex ocean biogeochemistry?.” Journal of Plankton Research
Bittleston, Leonora, Freedman, Zachary, Bernadin, Jessica, Grothjan, Jacob J., Young, Erica B., Record, Sydne, Baiser, Benjamin, and Gray, Sarah. “Exploring microbiome functional dynamics through space and time with trait-based theory.” mSystems
6.4 (2021): e00530-21.
Berges, John A., Driskill, Allison M., Guinn, Emily J., Pokrzywinski, Kaytee, Quinlan, Jessica, von Korff, Benjamin, and Young, Erica B. “Role of nearshore benthic algae in the Lake Michigan silica cycle.” PLOS one
16.8 (2021): e0256838.
Young, Erica B., and Berges, John A. “Nitrogen stress in the marine environment: from scarcity to surfeit.” Stressors in the Marine Environment: physiological responses and ecological implications. Ed. Solan, Martin. (2016).
Xiao, Li, Young, Erica B., Grothjan, Jacob, Lyon, Stephen, Zhang, Husen, and He, Zhen. “Wastewater Treatment and Microbial Communities in an Integrated Photo-Bioelectrochemical System Affected by Different Wastewater Algal Inocula.” Algal Research
12. (2015): 446-454.
Bechette, Audrey, Stojsavljevic, Thomas, Tessmer, Maxx, Berges, John A., Pinter, Gabriella A., and Young, Erica B. “Mathematical Modeling of Bacteria-Virus Interactions in Lake Michigan Incorporating Phosphorus Content.” Journal of Great Lakes Research, Elsevier 39.4 (2013).
Zulkifly, Sharizim B., Graham, James M., Young, Erica B., Mayer, Robert J., Piotrowski, Michael J., Smith, Benjamin D., and Graham, Linda E. “The genus Cladophora: An ecological engineer in globally distributed marine and freshwater littoral habitats as a globally distributed ecological engineer.” Journal of Phycology
49. (2013): 1-17.
Mills, Jason E., Young, Erica B., Meyer, Gretchen A., and Reinartz, James A. “An exotic invasive shrub has greater recruitment than native shrub species within a large, undisturbed wetland.” Plant Ecology 213.9 Ed. Enright, Neal. (2012): 1425-1436.
Zulkifly, SB, Hanshew, Alissa, Young, Erica B., Lee, Philip, Graham, Melissa, Graham, Michael, and Graham, Linda. “The epiphytic microbiota of the globally widespread macroalga Cladophora (Chlorophyta, Cladophorales).” American Journal of Botany 99.9 (2012): 1542-1553.
Young, Erica B., Lowes, Chelsea I., Hanson, Alicia M., and Onorevole, Kathleen. “ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY AND USE OF ALTERNATIVE PHOSPHORUS SOURCES BY PHYTOPLANKTON IN P-LIMITED FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS.” Journal of Phycology 47.SI (2011): 18-19.
Mills, Jason E., Reinartz, James, Meyer, Gretchen, and Young, Erica B. “Consequences of glossy buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula) invasion of a large wetland complex.” Biological Invasions 11. (2009): 1803-1820.
Young, Erica B., Berges, John A., and Dring, Matthew J. “Physiological responses of intertidal marine brown algae to nitrogen deprivation and resupply of nitrate and ammonium.” Physiol. Plant. 135. (2009): 400-11.
Bott, T., Meyer, G. A., and Young, Erica B. “Nutrient limitation and morphological plasticity of the carnivorous pitcher plant Sarracenia purpurea in contrasting wetland environments.” New Phytologist 180. (2008): 631-641.