Madhusudan Dey

Associate Professor
Biological Sciences

Education

  • PhD, Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, 1994 - 2000
  • MSc, Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Madurai Kamaraj University, Tamil Nadu, India, 1992-1994

Research Interests

The Dey lab is interested in understanding the fundamental mechanisms that regulate the initiation of protein synthesis (translation) and that regulate the protein folding inside the endoplasmic reticulum (ER).

Translation is a process in which messenger RNA is decoded into a polypeptide chain. This process requires many trans-acting factors (e.g., eIF1, eIF2, eIF2B, eIF3, eIF4, eEF1, etc.) that interact with the ribosome, messenger RNA and transfer RNA. This process is controlled by many protein kinases, including PKR, PERK and GCN2. The Dey lab studies how PKR and PERK specifically phosphorylates eIF2 and how phosphorylated eIF2 inhibits the initiation of protein synthesis.

Almost 30% of nascent proteins co-translationally migrate to the ER, where they fold and mature into biologically active forms. Under patho-physiological conditions, the nascent proteins are unable to fold properly, resulting in accumulation of unfolded/mis-folded proteins inside the ER – a state termed “ER stress”. The ER stress activates cellular responses known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR involves three major sensors Ire1, PERK and ATF6 in mammalian species. In model organism yeast, only Ire1 senses and signals the UPR. Ire1 initiates the UPR signals by processing the translationally repressed HAC1 mRNA in yeast cells or XBP1 mRNA in human cells. The Dey lab studies how HAC1 mRNA is translationally repressed and how the ER stress de-represses HAC1 mRNA translation.

Recently, the Dey lab has discovered that kinase Kin1 and its isoform Kin2 (mammalian homolog of microtubule affinity regulating kinase, MARK) play a novel regulatory role in the yeast UPR, in addition to their canonical role in cellular exocytosis. This discovery leads them to characterize the Kin-signaling pathway in the yeast UPR.

Selected Publications

Sathe, Leena, Bolinger, C, Mannan, MA, Dever, TE, and Dey, Madhusudan. “Evidence That Base-pairing Interaction between Intron and mRNA Leader Sequences Inhibits Initiation of HAC1 mRNA Translation in Yeast.” J Biol Chem 290. Ed. Dey, Madhusudan. (2015): 21821-32.
Anshu, A, Mannan, MA, Chakrabarty, A, Chakrabarti, S, and Dey, Madhusudan. “A novel role for protein kinase Kin2 in regulating HAC1 mRNA translocation, splicing, and translation.” Mol Cell Biol. 35. Ed. D, Madhusudan. (2015): 199-210.
Dey, Madhusudan. “Activation of Protein Kinase PKR Requires Dimerization-induced cis-Phosphorylation within the Activation Loop.” Journal Biological Chemistry 289. (2014): 5747-5757.
Mannan, M. Amin-ul, Shadrick, William R., Biener, Gabriel, Anshu, Ashish, Raicu, Valerica, Frick, David N., and Dey, Madhusudan. “An Ire1-Phk1 Chimera Reveals a Dispensable Role of Autokinase Activity in Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Response.” J. Mol. Biol. 425. (2013): 2083-99.
Dey, Madhusudan. “Requirement for kinase-induced conformational change in eIF2α restricts phosphorylation of Ser51.” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108.11 (2011): 4312-21.
Gárriz, A., Qiu, H., Dey, Madhusudan, Seo, E. J., Dever, T. E., and Hinnebusch, A. G. “A network of hydrophobic residues impeding helix alphaC rotation maintains latency of kinase Gcn2, which phosphorylates the alpha subunit of translation initiation factor 2.” Molecular and Cellular Biology 29.6 (2009): 1592-607.
Dev, K., Santangelo, T. J., Rothenburg, S., Neculai, D., Dey, Madhusudan, Sicheri, F., Dever, T. E., Reeve, Johnmarshall, and Hinnebusch, A. G. “Archaeal aIF2B interacts with eukaryotic translation initiation factors eIF2alpha and eIF2Balpha: Implications for aIF2B function and eIF2B regulation.” Journal of molecular biology 392.3 (2009): 701-22.
Lee, K. P., Dey, Madhusudan, Neculai, D., Cao, C., Dever, T. E., and Sicheri, F. “Structure of the dual enzyme Ire1 reveals the basis for catalysis and regulation in nonconventional RNA splicing.” Cell 132.1 (2008): 89-100.