Benjamin Campbell

Associate Professor


PhD, Biological Anthropology, Harvard University, 1990
MA, Anthropology, Harvard University, 1986
MA, Zoology, Indiana University, 1983
BA, Biology, Indiana University, 1982

Courses Taught

Anthro 203 - Indigenous Religion
Anthro 301 - Human Evolution and Variation
Anthro 404 - Hormones and Behavior
Anthro 407 - Neuroanthropology


My research falls in the general area of life history; the evolutionary study of the human life course.  I focus on the way in which steroid hormones form a critical link between energetics and the timing of important life events including childhood growth, pubertal maturation, and senescence. My doctoral work with Richard Udry on the role of testosterone on adolescent development and sexual behavior, included a comparative project in Zimbabwe.  Subsequent fieldwork, funded by the NSF and Wenner-Gren, focused on the impact of nutrition on adolescent development, male reproduction and aging among Turkana, and Ariaal pastoralists of northern Kenya.  More recently, I have focused on the role of DHEAS in human brain development and aging.  Recently, I hypothesized that DHEAS represents a critical link between increased meat consumption and the energetics of human brain development in the course of human evolution.  I plan to use data collected among the Ju’Hoansi of Nyae Nyae for an initial test of the importance of animal protein and fat reserves in the timing of adrenarche.  In addition to upper human biology courses, I also teach introductory level Human Evolution and Variation, and a course on Indigenous Religion.  I have supervised graduate students on a number of different topics, including primate growth, development and reproduction, and the understanding of evolution among college students.

Other Relevant Activities

Co-organizer, Human Migration Conference, University of Kansas, March 1 & 2, 2010

Selected Publications

Campbell, B. C. (2020, February). DHEAS & Human Development: An Evolutionary Perspective. Frontiers in Paediatric Endocrinology, 11, 101.
Campbell, B. C. (2019). Life Stages. Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Sciences.
Farooqi, N. A., Scotti, M., Yu, A., Lew, J., Monnier, P., Botteron, K. N., Campbell, B. C., Booij, L., Herba, C. M., Seguin, J. R., Castellanos-Ryan, N., McCraken, J. T., & Nguyen, V. T. (2019). Sex-specific contribution of DHEA-Cortisol ratio to Prefrontal-hippocampal structural development, cognitive abilities and personality traits. Journal of NeuroEndocrinology, 31, e12682.
Barone, L., Andrew, P., & Campbell, B. C. (2014). Predictors of Evolution Acceptance in a Musem Population. Evolution, Education and OutReach, 7, 23.
Campbell, B. C. (2012). Stone Age Body Image: Male Embodiment and Vitality in Subsistence Societies. Downey, G., & Lende, D. (Eds.). The Encultured Brain: An Introduction To Neuroanthropology, 237-259.
Campbell, B. C. (2011). Adrenarche and Middle Childhood. Human Nature, 22, 327-349.
Campbell, B. C., Gray, P. B., & Radak, J. (2011). In the Company of Men: Quality of Life and Social Support Among the Ariaal of Northern Kenya. Cross-Cultural Journal of Gerontology, 26, 221-237.
Campbell, B. C. (2010). Energetics and the Human Brain. Muhlenbein, M. (Ed.). Human Evolutionary Biology, 425-438.
Campbell, B. C., & Garcia, J. R. (2009). Neuroanthropology: Evolution and Emotional Embodiment. Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience, 1(Article 4), 1-6.