Graduate Courses

Courses numbered 300-699 are Undergraduate/Graduate. Courses numbered 700 and above are Graduate only.

PHYSICS 408 Experiments in Linear Electronics
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Transistor and integrated circuit characteristics; electronic measurement and control.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(P).
Course Rules: No cr for students w/cr in ElecEng 330(R).
Last Taught: Fall 2015, Spring 2014.
PHYSICS 408G Experiments in Linear Electronics
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Transistor and integrated circuit characteristics; electronic measurement and control.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(P).
Course Rules: No cr for students w/cr in ElecEng 330(R).
Last Taught: Fall 2015, Spring 2014.
PHYSICS 411 Mechanics
4 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Kinematics, vector analysis, conservation laws, oscillations, variational methods, chaos, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(NP).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 411G Mechanics
4 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Kinematics, vector analysis, conservation laws, oscillations, variational methods, chaos, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(NP).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 420 Electricity and Magnetism I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Electrostatics, capacitance, boundary value problems, mulipole expansion, dielectrics, magnetostatics, vector potential, magnetic properties of matter, motional emf, inductance, Maxwell's equations in differential form.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(NP); a grade of B- or better in Math 321(P); or Math 321(P) and a grade of B- or better in Physics 370(P); or grad st.
Course Rules: Counts as repeat of 2 cr of Physics 421.
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 420G Electricity and Magnetism I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Electrostatics, capacitance, boundary value problems, mulipole expansion, dielectrics, magnetostatics, vector potential, magnetic properties of matter, motional emf, inductance, Maxwell's equations in differential form.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(NP); a grade of B- or better in Math 321(P); or Math 321(P) and a grade of B- or better in Physics 370(P); or grad st.
Course Rules: Counts as repeat of 2 cr of Physics 421.
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 422 Electricity and Magnetism II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Conservation laws in electrodynamics, Maxwell's stress tensor, electromagnetic waves, absorption, dispersion, reflection and transmission of plane electromagnetic waves, wave guides, retarded potentials, radiation, electrodynamics and relativity.
Prerequisites: jr st, C or better in PHYSICS 420(P); or grad st.
Course Rules: Counts as repeat of 2 cr of PHYSICS 421.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 422G Electricity and Magnetism II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Conservation laws in electrodynamics, Maxwell's stress tensor, electromagnetic waves, absorption, dispersion, reflection and transmission of plane electromagnetic waves, wave guides, retarded potentials, radiation, electrodynamics and relativity.
Prerequisites: jr st, C or better in PHYSICS 420(P); or grad st.
Course Rules: Counts as repeat of 2 cr of PHYSICS 421.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 441 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics I
4 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Historical background and experimental basis, De Broglie waves, correspondence principle, uncertainty principle, Schroedinger equation; hydrogen atom, electron spin, Pauli Principle, applications of wave mechanics.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 309(NP); Math 321(C).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 441G Introduction to Quantum Mechanics I
4 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Historical background and experimental basis, De Broglie waves, correspondence principle, uncertainty principle, Schroedinger equation; hydrogen atom, electron spin, Pauli Principle, applications of wave mechanics.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 309(NP); Math 321(C).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 442 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Continuation of PHYSICS 441, emphasizing perturbation theory and applications to multi-electron systems, including atoms, molecules, and solids.
Prerequisites: jr st; C or better in PHYSICS 441(NP); or grad st.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 442G Introduction to Quantum Mechanics II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Continuation of PHYSICS 441, emphasizing perturbation theory and applications to multi-electron systems, including atoms, molecules, and solids.
Prerequisites: jr st; C or better in PHYSICS 441(NP); or grad st.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 497 Study Abroad:
1-12 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Designed to enroll students in UWM sponsored program before course work level, content, and credits are determined and/or in specially prepared program course work.
Prerequisites: jr st; acceptance for Study Abroad Prog.
Course Rules: May be retaken w/chg in topic.
Last Taught: Fall 2014, Spring 1998.
PHYSICS 497G Study Abroad:
1-12 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Designed to enroll students in UWM sponsored program before course work level, content, and credits are determined and/or in specially prepared program course work.
Prerequisites: jr st; acceptance for Study Abroad Prog.
Course Rules: May be retaken w/chg in topic.
Last Taught: Fall 2014, Spring 1998.
PHYSICS 501 Special Topics: Mathematical Models of Physical Problems I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Selected topics in mathematics for study of the techniques and procedures for stating physical problems in mathematical terms and the physical interpretation of mathematical solutions.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(P); Math 234(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 501G Special Topics: Mathematical Models of Physical Problems I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Selected topics in mathematics for study of the techniques and procedures for stating physical problems in mathematical terms and the physical interpretation of mathematical solutions.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(P); Math 234(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 502 Special Topics: Mathematical Models of Physical Problems II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
More selected topics in mathematical models.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(P); Math 234(P). Physics 501(R).
Last Taught: Spring 2007, Spring 2006.
PHYSICS 502G Special Topics: Mathematical Models of Physical Problems II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
More selected topics in mathematical models.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 210(P); Math 234(P). Physics 501(R).
Last Taught: Spring 2007, Spring 2006.
PHYSICS 515 Statistical Mechanics
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Brief survey of thermodynamics; statistical mechanics; classical and quantum gases.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 317(P) & 441(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 515G Statistical Mechanics
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Brief survey of thermodynamics; statistical mechanics; classical and quantum gases.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 317(P) & 441(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 517 Special Relativity
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Relativistic kinematics, the Lorentz transformation, tensor calculus, applications to motion of particles, electromagnetism.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 411(R) & 421(R).
Last Taught: Fall 2017, Fall 2014.
PHYSICS 517G Special Relativity
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Relativistic kinematics, the Lorentz transformation, tensor calculus, applications to motion of particles, electromagnetism.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 411(R) & 421(R).
Last Taught: Fall 2017, Fall 2014.
PHYSICS 531 Principles of Quantum Mechanics I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Vector and Hilbert spaces; Schroedinger equation in 1, 2, and 3 dimensions; systems of many particles; symmetries; angular momentum.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 531G Principles of Quantum Mechanics I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Vector and Hilbert spaces; Schroedinger equation in 1, 2, and 3 dimensions; systems of many particles; symmetries; angular momentum.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 532 Principles of Quantum Mechanics II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Continuation of 531. Spin; hydrogen atom; variational methods; WKB approximation; perturbation theory; scattering theory; Dirac equation.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 531(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 532G Principles of Quantum Mechanics II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Continuation of 531. Spin; hydrogen atom; variational methods; WKB approximation; perturbation theory; scattering theory; Dirac equation.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 531(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018.
PHYSICS 541 Elementary Particles
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Accelerators and detectors; special unitary groups; quark model of hadrons; Feynman diagrams; electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions of quarks and leptons; Higgs boson.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2011, Fall 2009.
PHYSICS 541G Elementary Particles
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Accelerators and detectors; special unitary groups; quark model of hadrons; Feynman diagrams; electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions of quarks and leptons; Higgs boson.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2011, Fall 2009.
PHYSICS 551 Introduction to Solid State Physics I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Crystal structure, reciprocal lattice; crystal binding; elastic waves; phonons, lattice vibrations; thermal properties of insulators; free electron Fermi gas. Band structure; semiconductor crystals; Fermi surface.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2016.
PHYSICS 551G Introduction to Solid State Physics I
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Crystal structure, reciprocal lattice; crystal binding; elastic waves; phonons, lattice vibrations; thermal properties of insulators; free electron Fermi gas. Band structure; semiconductor crystals; Fermi surface.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2016.
PHYSICS 575 Vacuum Science and Technology
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Viscous and molecular flow, vacuum materials and seals, metal-to-ceramic seals, evaporation and vapor pressures, vacuum pumps, vacuum gauges, mass spectrographs, chemical reactions at surfaces, outgassing.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2011, Fall 2003.
PHYSICS 575G Vacuum Science and Technology
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Viscous and molecular flow, vacuum materials and seals, metal-to-ceramic seals, evaporation and vapor pressures, vacuum pumps, vacuum gauges, mass spectrographs, chemical reactions at surfaces, outgassing.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 441(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2011, Fall 2003.
PHYSICS 610 The Art and Science of Teaching Physics
1 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Participants critique lectures, videotapes of experienced teachers, each other; address conceptual problems facing beginning students; gain familiarity with demonstrations, classroom technology; discuss their own classes.
Prerequisites: appt as undergrad TA or grad st.
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 610G The Art and Science of Teaching Physics
1 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Participants critique lectures, videotapes of experienced teachers, each other; address conceptual problems facing beginning students; gain familiarity with demonstrations, classroom technology; discuss their own classes.
Prerequisites: appt as undergrad TA or grad st.
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017.
PHYSICS 651 Introduction to Solid State Physics II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Transport, superconductivity, dielectric properties, ferroelectric crystals, magnetism, magnetic resonance, optical phenomena in insulators, nanostructures, non-crystalline solids, point defects, alloys, dislocations.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 551(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2015.
PHYSICS 651G Introduction to Solid State Physics II
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Transport, superconductivity, dielectric properties, ferroelectric crystals, magnetism, magnetic resonance, optical phenomena in insulators, nanostructures, non-crystalline solids, point defects, alloys, dislocations.
Prerequisites: jr st; Physics 551(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2015.
PHYSICS 670 Electron Microscopy Laboratory
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Diffraction, imaging, and spectroscopy methods for study of morphology, crystallinity, and composition of solids in a transmission electron microscope.
Prerequisites: sr st; Physics 551(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Fall 2012, Fall 2009.
PHYSICS 670G Electron Microscopy Laboratory
3 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Diffraction, imaging, and spectroscopy methods for study of morphology, crystallinity, and composition of solids in a transmission electron microscope.
Prerequisites: sr st; Physics 551(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Fall 2012, Fall 2009.
PHYSICS 698 Research Experience for Teachers
1-6 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Enrichment of students' physics background. Work with faculty mentor to develop an innovative teaching program for use in students' own classroom.
Prerequisites: sr st; current teaching contract.
Course Rules: Open only to practicing science teachers with demonstrable expertise in physics. May be retaken to 9 cr max.
Last Taught: Summer 2010, Summer 2009.
PHYSICS 698G Research Experience for Teachers
1-6 cr. Undergraduate/Graduate.
Enrichment of students' physics background. Work with faculty mentor to develop an innovative teaching program for use in students' own classroom.
Prerequisites: sr st; current teaching contract.
Course Rules: Open only to practicing science teachers with demonstrable expertise in physics. May be retaken to 9 cr max.
Last Taught: Summer 2010, Summer 2009.
PHYSICS 705 Molecular, Cellular, and System Biophysics
3 cr. Graduate.
Cell structure and the molecular basis for life. Molecular and cellular interactions. Supracellular organization, signalling, and communication. Self-similarity and cooperativity.
Prerequisites: grad st
Last Taught: Fall 2017, Fall 2015, Fall 2012, Spring 2010.
PHYSICS 706 Biophotonics
3 cr. Graduate.
Biophotonics and bioimaging; overview of application of optics in biology and medicine based on the understanding of basic optics, spectroscopy, and imaging theory.
Prerequisites: grad st
PHYSICS 707 Structural Molecular Biophysics
3 cr. Graduate.
Methods in molecular biophysics.
Prerequisites: grad st; major in science-based discipline & Physics 210(P), or writ cons instr.
Last Taught: Fall 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2013, Spring 2011.
PHYSICS 711 Theoretical Physics-Dynamics
3 cr. Graduate.
Lagrange equations, canonical formulation, principle of least action, normal coordinates, rigid bodies, special relativity, mathematical methods.
Prerequisites: grad st; Math 321(C) or 322(C); or 701(C) or 702(C).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Spring 2017, Spring 2016.
PHYSICS 716 Advanced Topics in Statistical Physics
3 cr. Graduate.
Systems of interactir particles; critical phenomena; transport theory; irreversible processes and fluctuations; model calculations for interacting systems of particles.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 515(P), 532(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2016, Spring 2010, Spring 2008, Fall 1999.
PHYSICS 717 Gravitation
3 cr. Graduate.
General theory of relativity. Metric, covariant derivative, and curvature. Einstein field equations. Newtonian and weak-field limits. Gravitational waves. Experimental tests. Black holes and relativistic stars.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 517(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2018, Fall 2015, Fall 2014, Fall 2012.
PHYSICS 718 White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars, and Black Holes
3 cr. Graduate.
Physics of compact objects; newtonian and relativistic stellar structure and stability; pulsars, x-ray sources; accretion disks; gravitational collapse; stellar-size and supermassive black holes; quasars.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 717(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2017, Spring 2015, Spring 2013.
PHYSICS 720 Electrodynamics I
3 cr. Graduate.
Maxwell's equations; Helmholz theorem; scalar and vector potentials; boundary value problems; plane wave solutions.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 711(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Spring 2018, Spring 2017, Spring 2016.
PHYSICS 721 Electrodynamics II
3 cr. Graduate.
Wave guides, radiation by charges; radiation reaction; radiation scattering, damping and dispersion; covariant formulation of electrodynamics.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 720(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2018, Fall 2017, Fall 2016, Fall 2015.
PHYSICS 731 Quantum Mechanics
3 cr. Graduate.
Mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics. Obserables and transformation theory, scattering perturbation, other approximation methods.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 532(P) & 711(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2004, Fall 2002, Fall 1998, Fall 1993.
PHYSICS 735 High Energy Physics
3 cr. Graduate.
Special relativity applied to high energy collisions, experimental techniques, ionization and radiation at high energy, weak interactions theory, II-meson and strange particle interactions, ultra-high energy phenomena.
Prerequisites: grad st & Physics 732(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2011.
PHYSICS 751 Solid State Theory I
3 cr. Graduate.
Phonons, plasmons, magnons, fermion fields and the hartree-fock approximation, and electron many-body techniques and the electron gas.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 531(P) & Physics 651(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2018, Fall 2015, Fall 2013, Fall 2011.
PHYSICS 752 Solid State Theory II
3 cr. Graduate.
Dynamics of electrons in a magnetic field: energy bands, cyclotron resonance, impurity states, optical absorption and excitons in semiconductor crystals; electrodynamics of metals; green's functions.
Prerequisites: grad st & Physics 532(P) & 751(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2014, Spring 2008, Spring 2006, Spring 2002.
PHYSICS 770 Electron Microscopy
3 cr. Graduate.
Kinematical and dynamical theory of electron diffraction. Transfer function theory of imaging. Electron and x-ray spectroscopies. Applications to surfaces and interfaces.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 551(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Fall 2011, Spring 2002.
PHYSICS 775 Surface Physics I
3 cr. Graduate.
Survey of experimental techniques in surface physics research.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 515(P) & 575(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2016, Spring 2012, Fall 2008, Fall 2002.
PHYSICS 781 Medical Radiation Physics
3 cr. Graduate.
Physical principles of the generation, interaction, detection, and measurement of radiation in medical applications; basics of radiation protection.
Prerequisites: grad st
PHYSICS 782 Physics of Medical Imaging
3 cr. Graduate.
Basic theoretical knowledge of the physics of diagnostic radiology using x-rays, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine, and ultrasounds.
Prerequisites: grad st
Last Taught: Spring 2010, Spring 2008.
PHYSICS 784 Radiotherapy Physics
3 cr. Graduate.
Radiation physics for work as a hospital physicist, including accelerators for radiation therapy, quality characteristics of treatment beams, treatment planning, treatment techniques, quality assurance, oncology.
Prerequisites: grad st
PHYSICS 786 Medical Physics Practicum
3 cr. Graduate.
Training with clinical medical imaging and therapy equipment, and dosimetry instrumentation.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 781(P)
PHYSICS 801 Special Topics in Theoretical Physics:
2-3 cr. Graduate.
Discussion of recent research or advanced special topics.
Prerequisites: grad st & cons instr.
Course Rules: Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max.
Last Taught: Fall 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2012, Spring 2003.
PHYSICS 807 Group Theory and Its Applications to Physics
3 cr. Graduate.
Representations of discrete and continuous groups, including rotation groups, unitary groups and crystal point and space groups. Symmetries of elementary particles. Molecular obitals, energy bands.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 532(P).
Course Rules: Counts as repeat of Math 807.
Last Taught: Spring 2018, Spring 2013, Spring 2005.
PHYSICS 811 Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos
3 cr. Graduate.
Iteration of maps, numerical integration, strange attractors in dissipative systems, fractal dimensions, multifractals, entropy. Chaos in hamiltonian systems, perturbation theory, kam theorem. Quantum choas.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 711(P).
PHYSICS 817 Gravitation and Cosmology II
3 cr. Graduate.
Experimental tests in gravitation. Gravitational waves: generation, detection. Spinning black holes. Cosmology: idealised cosmologies; present state of the universe; nucleosynthesis; inflation; recent developments.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 717(P) or cons instr.
Last Taught: Spring 2018, Spring 2014, Fall 2011, Spring 2009.
PHYSICS 818 Advanced Topics in Gravitational Physics
3 cr. Graduate.
Topics depend on student interest. Initial value problem. Spinors and positive mass. Singularity theorems. Modern kaluza-klein theory. Approaches to quantum gravity.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 717(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2016, Spring 2012, Spring 2008, Spring 2004.
PHYSICS 831 Quantum Field Theory I
3 cr. Graduate.
Group theory, canonical and path integral quantization, feynman rules, quantum electrodynamics, renormalization, quantum chromodynamics, electroweak theory, spontaneous symmetry breaking.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 732(P).
Last Taught: Fall 2017, Fall 2013, Spring 2000, Fall 1994.
PHYSICS 852 Superconductivity
3 cr. Graduate.
Properties of type I and type II superconductors, bcs and ginzburg-landau theory, vortices, and flux dynamics.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 532(P) & 651(P).
Last Taught: Spring 2007.
PHYSICS 853 Superfluidity
3 cr. Graduate.
Bose-Einstein condensation. Properties of superfluid 4HE, 3HE and 3HE-4HE mixtures.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 551(P) & 651(P) or physics 515(P).
PHYSICS 854 Electron Phonon Interaction
3 cr. Graduate.
Wave propagation in metals. Interaction of electrons with the lattice in normal metals, superconductors, and magnetic materials.
Prerequisites: grad st; Physics 532(P) & 651(P).
PHYSICS 900 Colloquium
1 cr. Graduate.
Lectures by staff and visitors on research in various areas of physics.
Prerequisites: grad st.
Last Taught: Fall 2017, Fall 2014, Spring 2013, Spring 2012.
PHYSICS 903 Seminar in Theoretical Physics:
1-3 cr. Graduate.
Discussion of special topics of interest to research students in theoretical physics.Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st & cons instr.
Prerequisites: Spring 2019, Fall 2018, Spring 2017, Fall 2016.
PHYSICS 904 Seminar in Surface Studies:
1-3 cr. Graduate.
Special topics in the chemistry and physics of surface studies. Specific topics and any additional prerequisites announced in Timetable each time course is offered.
Prerequisites: grad st; cons instr.
Course Rules: Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max.
Last Taught: Spring 2017, Spring 2016, Spring 2015, Spring 2014.
PHYSICS 906 Seminar in Biophysics:
1-3 cr. Graduate.
Special topics in experimental biophysics. Retakable with change in topic to 9 cr max.
Prerequisites: grad st; cons instr.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Fall 2018, Spring 2017.
PHYSICS 990 Research
1-9 cr. Graduate.

Prerequisites: grad st & cons instr.
Last Taught: Summer 2019, Spring 2019, Fall 2018, Summer 2018.
PHYSICS 999 Independent Reading
1-3 cr. Graduate.
For the benefit of graduate students unable to secure needed content in regular courses.
Prerequisites: grad st, cons instr.
Last Taught: Spring 2019, Summer 2017, Spring 2017, Fall 2016.