Courses

Not all classes are offered every semester. See the Schedule of Classes to determine if a particular class is currently being offered.

BioSci 100 – Survey of Zoology. 3 cr. U.

Survey of the animal kingdom, with emphasis on the importance of animals to humans. Study of phyla as represented by types, classification, structure, and life histories. Introduction to cytology, genetics, evolution, and ornithology. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. | Does not carry cr toward BioSci major. Prereq: none.

BioSci 101 – General Survey of Microbiology. 4 cr. U.

The nature and activities of microorganisms, including surveys of bacteria, fungi, viruses, immunology, and disease applications. 3 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab. | Intended primarily for nursing students. Does not carry cr toward BioSci major. Prereq: Chem 101(P) or 102(P).

BioSci 102 – Elements of Biology. 3 cr. U.

Organization and function of living systems. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. | Intended for non-majors; does not carry cr toward BioSci major. Prereq: none.

BioSci 103 – Topics in Modern Biology: (Subtitled). 3 cr. U.

How biological factors, processes, and reactions affect living systems. Emphasis on current issues in biology such as genetic engineering, bioethics, and population concerns. | Intended for non-majors; does not carry cr toward BioSci major. Retakable w/ chg in topic to 9 cr max. Students w/ cr in BioSci 226 or 250 may not take 103 w/ those topics. Prereq: none, except as may be required for specific topics.

BioSci 104 – Plants in Today’s World. 3 cr. U.

Introduction to major plant groups; principles of structure and function, ecology, and gardening. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. | Prereq: none.

BioSci 150 – Foundations of Biological Sciences I. 4 cr. U.

Fundamental principles of biology, including ecology, evolution, genetics, and molecular and cell biology integrated through an evolutionary framework. First of a two-course sequence for BioSci and other natural science majors. 3 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab. | Prereq: H.S. chem or equiv & chem placement score of 30; or grade of C or better in Chem 100(P).

BioSci 152 – Foundations of Biological Sciences II. 4 cr. U.

Organismal diversity, emphasizing structural and functional relationships in microorganisms, plants, and animals. Second of a two-course sequence for BioSci & other natural science majors. 3 hr lec, 3 hr lab. | Prereq: grade above C- in BioSci 150(P).

BioSci 194 – First-Year Seminar: (Subtitled). 3 cr. U.

The specific topics are announced in the Schedule of Classes each time the class is offered. | Open only to freshmen. Students may earn cr in just one L&S First-Year Sem (course numbers 192, 193, 194). Prereq: none.

BioSci 201 – Human Structure and Function. 4 cr. U.

Brief introduction to human anatomy and physiology. 3 hrs lec; 3 hrs lab | No cr toward BioSci major. Does not substitute for BioSci 202/3 for Nursing & Health Sci. No cr for students w/ cr in BioSci 202 or 203. Prereq: none.

BioSci 202 – Anatomy and Physiology I. 4 cr. U.

Anatomy and physiology of the human body including cell, tissues, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. 3 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab. | Required of students in nursing, med tech & med rec admin. Cannot be combined with BioSci 150 & 203 for more than 9 cr toward the BioSci major. Prereq: none.

BioSci 203 – Anatomy and Physiology II. 4 cr. U.

Anatomy and physiology of the human body including cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, excretory, endocrine, and reproductive systems. 3 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab. | Cannot be combined with BioSci 150 & 202 for more than a total of 9 cr toward BioSci major. Prereq: BioSci 202(P) or 315(P).

BioSci 206 – Biology of Women. 3 cr. U.

An anatomical and physiological view of the human female life cycle with emphasis on women’s health. | Prereq: course in biology.

BioSci 289 – Internship in Biological Sciences, Lower Division. 1-6 cr. U.

Application of basic principles of biological sciences in a business, organizational, educational, political, or other appropriate setting. | Specific topics may satisfy major area req; consult dept. One cr earned for academic work based on 40 hrs in internship. Retakable to 6 cr max; combined limit of 3 cr in BioSci 289 & 489 counts toward BioSci major. Prereq: intro course in BioSci; 2.50 gpa; cons supervising faculty member.

BioSci 290 – Independent Study and Research: (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. U.

Directed library or laboratory/field research in biological sciences. | Specific topics may satisfy major area req; consult dept. Retakable up to 6 cr max. Does not count as a BioSci lab course. Prereq: 2.5 gpa; writ cons instr, dept chair, & asst dean for SAS.

BioSci 296 – UROP Apprenticeship. 1-3 cr. U.

Undergraduate research participation in a project developed with a supervising member of the faculty or staff. One credit for 45 hrs research. | Retakable to 9 cr max in any combination of UROP Apprenticeship courses. Not open to jrs and srs. Prereq: acceptance to UROP; prior or conc reg in UROP seminar.

BioSci 297 – Study Abroad: (Subtitled). 1-12 cr. U.

Designed to enroll students in UWM-sponsored program before course work level, content, and credits are determined and/or in specially-prepared program course work. | Retakable w/chg in topic. Prereq: acceptance for Study Abroad Prog.

BioSci 299 – Ad Hoc: (Subtitled). 1-6 cr. U.

Course created expressly for offering in a specified enrollment period. Requires only dept & assoc dean approval. In exceptional circumstances, can be offered in one add’l sem. | Specific topics may satisfy major area req; consult dept. Retakable w/chg in topic. Prereq: none; add’l prereqs may be assigned to specific topic.

BioSci 310 – General Ecology. 4 cr. U.

Complex interrelationships between organisms and their environment. Physiological and behavioral adaptations, populations, biotic communities, ecosystems. 3 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab, field work. | Prereq: BioSci 150(P) & 152(C) or cons instr.

BioSci 315 – Cell Biology. 3 cr. U.

Cell structure and function at the molecular level. Flow of material, energy, and information within prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. 3 hrs lec. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: BioSci 152(C); Chem 104(C).

BioSci 316 – Laboratory in Genetics and Cell Biology. 2 cr. U.

Laboratory studies in genetics and cell biology using microorganisms, plants, and animals. Hypothesis testing, data collection, computer and literature analyses, and writing of scientific papers. 1 hr dis, 3 hr lab. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: BioSci 152(P); Chem 104(P); BioSci 315(C) or 325(C).

BioSci 325 – Genetics. 3 cr. U.

Principles of inheritance. Fundamental concepts of genetics. 3 hrs lec, 2 hrs dis. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: grade of C or better in BioSci 150(P); BioSci 152(C) or 203(P); Chem 104(C).

BioSci 350 – Human Parasitology. 4 cr. U.

Biology, diagnosis and epidemiology of human parasitic diseases. For life science and clinical lab science students interested in public health. 3 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(C) or BioSci 325(C) or cons instr.

BioSci 354 – Introduction to Neuroscience I: From Neuron to Brain. 3 cr. U.

Basic principles of cellular, molecular, and developmental neuroscience; structure/function of neurons and glia, chemical and electrical signaling, brain development, and neurological diseases. | Cell & Molec Bio. BioSci/Psych 354 & 355 may be taken in either order. BioSci 354 & Psych 354 are jointly offered; they count as repeats of one another. Prereq: BioSci 152(P) & 315(C); or Psych 254(P).

BioSci 355 – Introduction to Neuroscience II: From Brain to Behavior. 3 cr. U.

Basic principles of neural systems and behavior; analysis of systems for sensation and perception, learning and memory, language, emotion, and motion. | BioSci/Psych 354 & 355 may be taken in either order. BioSci 355 & Psych 355 are jointly offered; they count as repeats of one another. Prereq: BioSci 152(P) & 315(C), or Psych 254(P).

BioSci 356 – Developmental Biology. 4 cr. U.

Development of living organisms at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels. 3 hrs lec, 1 hr dis. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: BioSci 315(P) or 325(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 358 (305) – Birds of Wisconsin. 2 cr. U.

Bird taxonomy and ecology, including the identification of Wisconsin birds. 4 hrs lab & field work. | Field trip schedules (if any) and fees will be announced in class. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 150(P).

BioSci 370 – Animal Physiology. 3 cr. U.

Cellular and organ system physiology and comparative aspects of structure-function relationships. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: BioSci 315(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 372 – Animal Physiology and Neurobiology Laboratory. 1 cr. U.

Neural integration of animal cells and organ systems. Comparative experimental approach examining structure-function relationships. 3 hrs lab. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: BioSci 370(C) or BioSci/Psych 354(C) or 355(C).

BioSci 380 – Honors Seminar: (Subtitled). 3H cr. U.

Selected topics in modern and traditional biology and their relation to society. | Specific topics may satisfy major area req; consult dept. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: soph st; Honors 200(P); cons Honors College dir.

BioSci 383 – General Microbiology. 4 cr. U.

Nature and properties of microorganisms. Molecular biology and genetics of bacteria and viruses. Major groups, ecological relationships, and taxonomy. 3 hrs lec, 4 hrs lab. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: Chem 341(P) or 343(P); BioSci 325(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 401 – Immunology. 2 cr. U/G.

Fundamentals of the immune response, including cellular, physiological and molecular aspects. 2 hrs lec. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 315(P) or 325(P); Chem 341(P) or 343(P).

BioSci 402 – Immunological Techniques. 3 cr. U/G.

Modern methods and protocols in immunology. 6 hrs lab. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 401(C).

BioSci 405 – General Virology. 3 cr. U/G.

Basic course in nature of viruses: bacterial, plant, and animal. The use of viruses in model systems for molecular biology and agents of disease. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 325(P); BioSci 315(P) or 383(P); Chem 501(R).

BioSci 406 – Marine Biology. 3 cr. U/G.

Marine biology with a strong ecological focus; physical and chemical constraints that marine environments impose on organisms; specialized adaptations of marine organisms in response. 2 hrs lec, 1 hr dis. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 152(P) & 310(C).

BioSci 407 – Plant Systematics and Evolution. 3 cr. U/G.

Survey of important plant families; plant systematic theory, current techniques in data collection and analysis. 2 hrs lec/dis; 4 hrs lab. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 152(P); BioSci 310(C) or 325(C); or grad st; or cons instr.

BioSci 430 (530) – Animal Behavior-Ethology. 3 cr. U/G.

Animal behavior from the biologist’s point of view, relating species-characteristic behavior to environment, internal function, ontogeny, and evolution. 3 hrs lec/dis. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(P) or 316(C).

BioSci 440 – Ecology and Evolution of Amphibians and Reptiles. 3 cr. U/G.

Evolutionary history of amphibians and reptiles; their patterns of biological diversity, morphology, life history, ecology, and behavior. For upper-level undergrad and grad students. 3 hrs lec. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310 (P).

BioSci 458 – Community Ecology. 3 cr. U/G.

Theories and models in community ecology. Analysis of biological communities emphasizing the origin, maintenance and consequences of species diversity within local communities. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 152(P) & 310(P) or cons instr; or grad st.

BioSci 465 – Biostatistics. 3 cr. U/G.

Simple distribution; statistical inference; simple regression theory; experimental design; analysis of variance and covariance as they relate to biology. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 150(P); Math 105(P).

BioSci 475 – Tropical Biology: (Subtitled). 3 cr. U/G.

Ecology and biogeography of various types of tropical forests, including required field trip to area being studied. | Required field trip at participants’ expense. Retakable w/ chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(P); cons instr.

BioSci 480 – Ecological Genetics. 3 cr. U/G.

Origin and maintenance of genetic variation within and among populations. Fundamental theory and application to ecology and conservation. | 3 hrs lec/dis. Prereq: jr st, BioSci 310(P) & 325(P); or equiv.

BioSci 489 – Internship in Biological Sciences, Upper Division. 1-6 cr. U.

Application of advanced principles of biological sciences in a business, organizational, educational, political, or other appropriate setting. | Specific topics may satisfy major area req; consult dept. One cr earned for academic work based on 40 hrs in internship. Retakable to 6 cr max; combined limit of 3 cr in BioSci 289 & 489 counts toward BioSci major. Prereq: jr st; 300-level or above course in BioSci; 2.50 gpa; cons supervising faculty member.

BioSci 490 – Molecular Genetics. 3 cr. U/G.

Molecular mechanisms of higher organisms and model systems. Topics include gene structure, genetic and genomic analysis, gene expression and regulation. 2 hrs lec, 1 hr dis. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 325(P); BioSci 315(C) & 316(C).

BioSci 495 – Internship in Biotechnology, Upper Division. 3-6 cr. U.

Application of advanced principles in microbiology and biotechnology in appropriate settings. | One cr earned for academic work based on 40 hrs in internship. Retakable to 6 cr max. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(303)(P) & 529(650)(P); declared microbio major; 2.5 gpa; cons supervising faculty member.

BioSci 496 – UROP Apprenticeship, Upper-Level. 1-3 cr. U.

Undergraduate research participation in a project developed with a supervising member of the faculty or staff. One credit for 45 hrs research. | Retakable to 9 cr max in any combination of UROP apprenticeship courses. Prereq: jr st; acceptance to UROP; prior or conc reg in UROP seminar.

BioSci 497 – Study Abroad: (Subtitled). 1-12 cr. U/G.

Designed to enroll students in UWM-sponsored program before course work level, content, and credits are determined and/or in specially-prepared program course work. | Retakable w/ chg in topic. Prereq: jr st; acceptance for Study Abroad Prog.

BioSci 498 – (effective 09/02/2014) Developmental Genetics. 3 cr. U/G.

How genetic model organisms contribute to our knowledge of biology and how this knowledge impacts human health. | Prereq: jr st; grade of C or better in BioSci 325(P).

BioSci 499 – Ad Hoc: (Subtitled). 1-6 cr. U.

Course created expressly for offering in a specified enrollment period. Requires only dept & assoc dean approval. In exceptional circumstances, can be offered in one add’l sem. | Specific topics may satisfy major area req; consult dept. Retakable w/chg in topic. Prereq: jr st; add’l prereqs may be assigned to specific topic.

BioSci 500 – Plant Physiology. 3 cr. U/G.

Major biological activities of plants; including growth, development, and metabolism. 3 hrs lec/dis. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 325(P); BioSci 310(P) or 315(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 501 – Plant Physiology Laboratory. 2 cr. U/G.

Hands-on examination of plant activities using diverse experimental methods. 6 hrs lab/disc. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 325(P) or cons instr; BioSci 500(R) recom.

BioSci 502 – (effective 09/02/2014) Introduction to Programming and Modeling in Ecology and Evolution. 3 cr. U/G.

Using R statistical language to teach script programming to address data manipulation, statistical modeling, and simple simulations in an ecological and evolutionary context. | Counts as repeat of BioSci 599 w/similar topic. Prereq: jr st; intro stats (e.g., BioSci 465).

BioSci 505 – Conservation Biology. 3 cr. U/G.

Genetic and ecological approaches to the conservation of biological diversity. Topics include biology of rare plants and animals, design of nature reserves, and restoration ecology. 3 hrs lec. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 152(P) & 325(260)(P).

BioSci 507 (607) – Environmental Microbiology. 3 cr. U/G.

Bacteria from the environment; emphasis on aquatic systems; biogeochemical cycles, bioremediation, and environmental control of gene expression. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(P).

BioSci 512 – Limnology I. 3 cr. U/G.

The ecology of freshwater ecosystems as influenced by physical and chemical processes. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 150(P) & 152(P), course in chem; or cons instr.

BioSci 523 – Evolution and Ecology of Birds. 3 cr. U/G.

Study of the origin and maintenance of diversity in birds. Topics include systematics, biogeography, life-history behavior, and conservation. 3 hrs lec. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 152(P) & 310(P).

BioSci 529 – Molecular Biology of Microorganisms. 3 cr. U/G.

Molecular analysis of microbial genetic systems of bacteria, phage, fungi, and yeast. 2 hrs lec, 1 hr dis. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(P).

BioSci 532 (655) – Behavioral Ecology. 3 cr. U/G.

Behavioral adaptations of organisms in relation to their environment, including social organization, territoriality, cooperation and conflict, parental care, breeding strategies, foraging. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(P).

BioSci 535 – Bacterial Pathogenesis. 3 cr. U/G.

Structural and physiological characteristics of important bacteria causing human and animal diseases. Interactions between pathogen and host, including host defense mechanisms. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(P).

BioSci 536 – Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 2 cr. U/G.

Real-world application of natural and genetically-engineered microorganisms to bioremediation, waste treatment, agriculture and production of food, beverages, chemicals, fuels, enzymes, vaccines and pharmaceuticals. 2 hrs lec. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(303)(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 539 (663) – Laboratory Techniques in Molecular Biology. 4 cr. U/G.

Molecular biological techniques, including cell cultures, RNA and DNA isolation, cloning and sequencing of genes; use of expression vectors; protein electrophoresis. 2 hrs lec/dis, 6 hrs lab. | Prereq: jr st; BioSci 315(P), 316(P) & 325(260)(P).

BioSci 539 – (effective 09/02/2014) Laboratory Techniques in Molecular Biology. 4 cr. U/G.

Molecular biological techniques, including cell cultures, RNA and DNA isolation, cloning and sequencing of genes; use of expression vectors; protein electrophoresis. 2 hrs lec/dis, 6 hrs lab. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 315(P), 316(P), & 325(P).

BioSci 540 – Microbial Diversity and Physiology. 3 cr. U/G.

Physiology, ecology, and diversity of microorganisms. 3 hrs lec. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(P).

BioSci 542 – Biological Electron Microscopy. 3 cr. U/G.

Theory, design, and operating principles of scanning and transmission electron microscopes; preparation of biological specimens. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 315(P) & 316(P), or cons instr.

BioSci 543 – Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory. 2 cr. U/G.

Lab/dis with an emphasis on ‘hands-on’ exercises including biological specimen prep, microscope operation and photography. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 542(C) & cons instr.

BioSci 544 – Transmission Electron Microscopy Laboratory. 3 cr. U/G.

Lab/dis with an emphasis on ‘hands-on’ exercises including fixation and sectioning of biological specimens, microscope operation and photography. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 542(C) & cons instr.

BioSci 545 – Physiology of Reproduction. 3 cr. U/G.

Mammalian reproductive physiology with emphasis on humans; neuroendocrine control of reproductive cycles, pregnancy, and lactation; clinical implications; biological aspects of human population control. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st; Chem 103(P) or 341(P) or 343(P); BioSci 315(P); or cons instr.

BioSci 556 (656) – Developmental Neurobiology. 3 or 4 cr. U/G.

The mechanisms involved in the genesis and maintenance of nervous system organization. 3 hrs lec, 1 hr dis. | Cell & Molec Bio. Grad students enroll in lec & dis for 4 cr. Undergrads may enroll in lec only for 3 cr or lec & dis for 4 cr. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 354(P) or 356(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 562 – (effective 09/02/2014) Topics in Field Biology: (Subtitled). 1-2 cr. U/G.

Intensive mini-course on applied and basic field biology topics, e.g. vegetation sampling; natural area management; wetland delineation; identification, ecology of a taxon. On-line component; 2 or more days (depending on topic) in-person instruction. | Retakable w/chg in topic to 6 cr max. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(P) or equivalent; add’l prereqs may be required depending on topic.

BioSci 562 – Topics in Field Biology: (Subtitled). 1-2 cr. U/G.

Intensive mini-course on topics in applied and basic field biology such as vegetation sampling, natural area management, wetland delineation. | Retakable w/ chg in topic to 6 cr max. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(P) or equivalent; add’l prereqs may be required depending on topic.

BioSci 564 – Endocrinology. 3 cr. U/G.

Physiological, biochemical, and phylogenetic aspects of hormonal communication; emphasis on vertebrates. 3 hrs lec. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st; Chem 103(P) or 341(P) or 343(P); BioSci 315(P); or cons instr.

BioSci 565 – Eukaryotic Gene Regulation. 3 cr. U/G.

Molecular mechanism by which genes are regulated in higher eukaryotes, including humans. Role of gene regulation during normal development and disease in eukaryotes. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st, BioSci 315(P) or 325(P); or grad st.

BioSci 566 – Advanced Cell Biology. 3 cr. U/G.

Cellular and molecular mechanisms of human developmental diseases; cell signaling in the treatment and prevention of diseases and genetic syndromes. | Cell & Molec Bio. Prereq: jr st, BioSci 315(P); or grad st.

BioSci 573 – Cellular Evolution. 3 cr. U/G.

Theories concerning the origin of life on Earth and the evolution of cellular structure and function, culminating in the emergence of the multicellular kingdoms. 2 hrs lec, 1 hr dis. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: sr st; BioSci 315(P) or 325(P); BioSci 316(P); Chem 341/342(P) or 343/344/345(P), or cons instr; BioSci 383(R) or 490(R) or Chem 501(R) or 601(R).

BioSci 575 – Evolutionary Biology. 3 cr. U/G.

Evolutionary processes in natural populations. Topics include mating patterns, speciation, gene flow, natural selection, and genetic approaches to conservation. 3 hrs lec. | Grad students must reg conc in BioSci 776. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 152(P) & 325(260)(P).

BioSci 580 – Experimental Microbiology. 4 cr. U/G.

Modern experimental approaches to study of microbial physiology and genetics. 2 hrs lec/6 hrs lab. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(P).

BioSci 596 – Neuropharmacology. 3 cr. U/G.

Cellular and molecular mechanisms of drug action on the nervous system. Topics include drug affects on neurotransmitters, receptors, cell signaling, and neurological disease/disorders. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci/Psych 354(P) or 355(P) or Psych 654(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 597 – RNA Structure, Function, and Metabolism. 3 cr. U/G.

Structural and functional complexity of RNA. RNA as genetic material, enzymes and regulators; micro RNAs as potential therapeutics. | Cell & Molec Bio; Microbio. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 325(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 599 – Special Topics in Biological Sciences: (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. U/G.

In-depth examination of important subjects in one or more areas of the biological sciences. Specific credits and add’l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course offered. | Retakable w/ chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: jr st.

BioSci 611 – Seminar on Recent Advances in Limnology and Oceanography: (Subtitled). 2 cr. U/G.

Lectures and discussion of current issues in limnology and oceanography; focus on a specific issue or research topic. | Retakable w/ chg in topic to 6 cr max. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 512(P) or cons instr.

BioSci 667 – Advanced Techniques in Microbial, Molecular and Cellular Biology: (Subtitled). 4 cr. U/G.

Such topics as hybridoma technology, bacterial gene transfer, gene expression systems. 1 hr dis, 6 hrs lab. Topic and any add’l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course is offered. | Retakable w/ chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: sr st; BioSci 383(303)(P) or equiv or cons instr.

BioSci 670 – Senior Seminar in Biological Sciences. 1 cr. U.

Examination of biological literature and preparation, presentation, and discussion of oral reports by individual students. | Prereq: sr st; BioSci lab course numbered 300-349; declared BioSci major.

BioSci 671 – Undergraduate Seminar in Microbiology. 1 cr. U.

Examination of microbiological literature; preparation, presentation, and discussion of oral reports by individual students. | Prereq: sr st; BioSci 383(P).

BioSci 672 – Undergraduate Seminar in Cell and Molecular Biology. 1 cr. U.

Examination of cell and molecular biology literature; preparation, presentation, and discussion of oral reports by individual students. | Prereq: sr st; BioSci 315(P) & 316(P).

BioSci 695 – Independent Study in Freshwater Sciences for Biological Sciences Students. 1-3 cr. U.

Independent and original research on a topic not available as a regular course; conducted under the direction of faculty or staff scientist from the School of Freshwater Science. | BioSci 695 & FrshWtr 695 are jointly offered; w/ same subject, they count as repeats of one another. Retakable to 6 cr max. Satisfies BioSci research req; does not count as a BioSci lab course. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 310(P), 315(P), 316(P), 325(P), & 383(P); 2.5 gpa; writ cons instr, dept chair, & asst dean for SAS.

BioSci 697 – Independent Study in Cell and Molecular Biology. 1-3 cr. U.

Independent and original research conducted under the direction of a cell/molecular biology faculty or staff member. | Retakable to 6 cr max. Satisfies BioSci research req; does not count as a BioSci lab course. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 315(P) & 316(P); 2.5 gpa; writ cons instr, dept chair, & asst dean for SAS.

BioSci 698 – Independent Study in Microbiology. 1-3 cr. U.

Introduction to research. Independent and original study conducted under the direction of a faculty or staff member. | Retakable up to 6 cr max. Satisfies BioSci research req; does not count as a BioSci lab course. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 383(P); 2.5 gpa; writ cons instr, dept chair, & asst dean for SAS.

BioSci 699 – Independent Study. 1-3 cr. U.

Independent study on a topic not available as a regular course; conducted under the supervision of a faculty member. Requires submission of a formal study proposal. | Retakable up to 6 cr max. Satisfies BioSci research req; does not count as a BioSci lab course. Prereq: jr st; BioSci 325(260)(P); BioSci 310(P) or BioSci 315(P) & 316(P); 2.5 gpa; writ cons instr, dept chair, & asst dean for SAS.