What is Title IX?

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance…”

–Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§1681-1688 and its implementing regulation at 34 C.F.R. Part 106 (Title IX).


Law Books, PC, Notes

Title IX at UWM

Title IX is a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination. Sex discrimination includes sexual harassment, sexual violence, and any other sex-based misconduct, relationship violence, discrimination based on pregnancy, and the failure to provide equal opportunity in all areas of schooling such as admissions, educational programs or activities, and athletics.

In compliance with Title IX, UWM will not tolerate discrimination or harassing conduct that is based on a protected status.  The University’s Discriminatory Conduct Policy, S-47 DISCRIMINATORY CONDUCT POLICY (Including Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence), prohibits, among other forms of discrimination, sex-based discrimination. Sex-based discrimination is conduct that (1) adversely affects any aspect of an individual’s employment, education or participation in activities or programs at UWM; and (2) is based on sex, including gender identity or expression. Sexual harassment is a form of prohibited discrimination and is defined as unwanted conduct of a sexual nature that unreasonably interferes with the individual’s work, education or participation in activities or programs at UWM or creates a working or learning environment that a reasonable person would find threatening or intimidating. Sexual harassment may be of any type including oral, written or physical. Sexual violence is also a form of prohibited discrimination, and UWM defines sexual violence as physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent.

UWM’s Discriminatory Conduct Policy also prohibits retaliation. Retaliation is an adverse action made as a result of an individual’s complaint about conduct prohibited by the University’s Discriminatory Conduct Policy or participation in enforcement of this Policy. Protected activities include reporting discrimination or serving as a witness in an investigation in connection with the same.

Conduct Prohibited by Title IX and UWM’s Discriminatory Conduct Policy

Some examples of conduct prohibited by Title IX and UWM’s Discriminatory Conduct Policy include but are not limited to:

  • Insults about, directed at, or made in the presence of an individual or group based on sex and/or gender identity or expression.
  • Physical contact or verbal threats based on sex and/or gender identity or expression.
  • Sexual jokes, language, epithets, advances or propositions.
  • Comments about a person’s body, sexual orientation, sexual prowess or gender identity or expression.
  • Touching, whistling, leering, brushing against the body, or suggestive, insulting, or obscene comments or gestures of a sexual nature.
  • Requesting sexual favors in exchange for assignments, promotions, grades or promises of the same.
  • Stalking.
  • Cyber-stalking or cyber-bullying.
  • Rape, sexual battery, sexual assault or sexual violence. This includes sexual contact without consent.

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