Xiaoxiao Zhang

Xiaoxiao Zhang

  • Scientist I, Mechanical Engineering Department

Dr. Xiaoxiao Zhang is a research scientist in Professor Deyang Qu’s energy research group. Since joining UWM, Dr. Zhang focuses on the study of new materials and technologies for energy storage, including lithium ion batteries, lithium metal batteries, sodium ion batteries, solid state electrolyte batteries, prelithiation, and recycle of spent batteries.


  • PhD, Environmental Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, 2016
  • MS, Environmental Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, 2012
  • BS, Environmental Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, 2009

Research Interests

  • Recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries
  • Prelithiation technology
  • Lithium-ion, lithium metal, and solid state electrolyte batteries

Selected Publications

Google Scholar Link

  • X. Zhang, Z. Liu, D. Qu, Proof-of-Concept Study of Ion-Exchange Method for the Recycling of LiFePO4 Cathode, Waste Manag. 157 (2023) 1-7.
  • D. Qiu, X. Zhang, D. Zheng, W. Ji, T. Ding, H. Qu, M. Liu, Qu, D.. High-performance Li-S batteries with a minimum shuttle effect: disproportionation of dissolved polysulfide to elemental sulfur catalyzed by a bifunctional carbon host. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces15, (2023) 36250-36261.
  • X. Zhang, W. Ji, L. Xin, A. Luedtke, H. Qu, D. Qiu, M. Liu, D. Zheng, D. Qu, Effect of Carbon Additives on the Rate Performance of Redox Polymer Materials for Lithium Metal Batteries, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 61 (2022) 15989-15996.
  • W. Ji, X. Zhang, M. Liu, T. Ding, H. Qu, D. Qiu, D. Zheng, D. Qu, High-performance all-solid-state Li–S batteries enabled by an all-electrochem-active prelithiated Si anode, Energy Storage Mater. 53 (2022) 613–620.
  • W. Ji, X. Zhang, D. Zheng, H. Huang, T.H. Lambert, D. Qu, Practically Accessible All-Solid-State Batteries Enabled by Organosulfide Cathodes and Sulfide Electrolytes, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2202919 (2022) 1–11.
  • X. Zhang, D. Trieu, D. Zheng, W. Ji, H. Qu, T. Ding, D. Qiu, D. Qu, Nafion/PTFE Composite Membranes for a High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell Application, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 60 (2021) 11086–11094.
  • X. Zhang, H. Qu, W. Ji, D. Zheng, T. Ding, D. Qiu, D. Qu, An electrode-level prelithiation of SiO anodes with organolithium compounds for lithium-ion batteries, J. Power Sources. 478 (2020) 229067.
  • X. Zhang, H. Qu, W. Ji, D. Zheng, T. Ding, C. Abegglen, D. Qiu, D. Qu, Fast and Controllable Prelithiation of Hard Carbon Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 12 (2020) 11589–11599.
  • X. Zhang, L. Li, E. Fan, Q. Xue, Y. Bian, F. Wu, R. Chen, Toward sustainable and systematic recycling of spent rechargeable batteries, Chem. Soc. Rev. 47 (2018) 7239–7302.
  • X. Zhang, Y. Bian, S. Xu, E. Fan, Q. Xue, Y. Guan, F. Wu, L. Li, R. Chen, Innovative Application of Acid Leaching to Regenerate Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 Cathodes from Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 6 (2018) 5959–5968.