Hector Bravo

Hector Bravo

  • Professor Emerit, Civil & Environmental Engineering

To learn more about Dr. Hector Bravo, visit his website.


  • Ph.D., Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, 1989
  • M.S., Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, 1982
  • Civil Engineer, National University of Cordoba, Argentina, 1975

Research Focus:

  • Hydrodynamic modeling
  • Transport of pollutants and heat in surface water and groundwater
  • Two-phase flows
  • Spectral analysis of hydrologic time series and climate variability


  • Dila, D; Koster, E; McClary-Gutierrez, J; Khazaei, B; Bravo, HR; Bootsma, M; McLellan, S, 2022. Assessment of regional and local sources of contamination at urban beaches using hydrodynamic models and field-based monitoring. Accepted for publication in ACS ES&T Water.
  • Khazaei, B, Bravo, HR, Anderson, EJ and Klump, JV, 2021. Development of a Physically Based Sediment Transport Model for Green Bay, Lake Michigan, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 126 (10), e2021JC017518.
  • Bravo, HR, Hamidi, SA, Anderson, EJ, Klump, JV, Khazaei, B, 2020. Timescales of transport through Lower Green Bay, Journal of Great Lakes Research 46 (5), 1292-1306.
  • Bravo, HR, Bootsma, H, Khazaei, B, 2019. Fate of phosphorus from a point source in the Lake Michigan nearshore zone. Journal of Great Lakes Research 45 (6), 1182-1196.
  • Grunert, BK, Brunner, SL, Hamidi, SA, Bravo, HR, Klump, JV, 2018. Quantifying the influence of cold water intrusions in a shallow, coastal system across contrasting years: Green Bay, Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 44 (5), 851-863
  • Bravo, HR, McLellan, SL, Klump, JV, Hamidi, SA and Talarczyk, D. 2017. Modeling the fecal coliform footprint in a Lake Michigan urban coastal Area, Environmental Modelling & Software 95 (2017) 401-419.
  • Bravo, HR, Hamidi, SA, J. Klump, JV and Waples JT, 2016. Physical Drivers of the Circulation and Thermal Regime Impacting Seasonal Hypoxia in Green Bay, Lake Michigan, in Modeling Coastal Hypoxia, Springer.
  • Bravo HR, Assessing the effects of thermal and hydro energy production on water systems, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 2016, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp. 140-148, doi: 10.1007/s13412-016-0382-9.
  • Hamidi SA, Bravo HR, Klump JV and Waples J. The role of circulation and heat fluxes in the formation of stratification leading to hypoxia in Green Bay, Lake Michigan, Journal of Great Lakes Research. 2015; 41(4):1024-1036, doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2015.08.007.
  • Silva, M.R., H.R. Bravo, D. Cherkauer, J.V. Klump, W. Kean, S.L. McLellan. 2014. Effect of hydrological and geophysical factors on formation of standing water and FIB reservoirs at a Lake Michigan beach, Journal of Great Lakes Research, Volume 40, Issue 3, 2014, pp 778-789.
  • Namdar-Ghanbari, R. and Bravo, H.R., 2011. Evaluation of correlations between precipitation, groundwater fluctuations, and lake level fluctuations using spectral methods (Wisconsin, USA), Hydrogeology Journal, 19, 801–810.
  • Namdar Ghanbari, R., Bravo, H.R., Magnuson, J.J., Hyzer W.G. and Benson, B.J., 2009. Coherence between lake ice cover, local climate and teleconnections (Lake Mendota, Wisconsin), J. of Hydrology.
  • Namdar-Ghanbari, R. and Bravo, H.R., 2009. Trend and oscillations in the ice cover duration of Lake Mendota, Wisconsin, Hydrological Sciences Journal, Volume 54, 497–512.
  • Namdar-Ghanbari, R. and Bravo, H.R., 2008. Coherence between atmospheric teleconnections, Great Lakes water levels, and regional climate, Advances in Water Resources, 31(10), 1284–1298.
  • Stack, D. and Bravo, H.R., 2008. Flow Separation Behind Ellipses at Reynolds Numbers less than 10, Applied Mathematical Modelling, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2008.02.016.
  • Bravo, H.R, Gulliver, J.S. and Hondzo, M., 2007. Development of a commercial code-based two-fluid model for bubble plumes, Environmental Modelling and Software, Volume 22, Issue 4, Pages 536-547, doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2006.02.009.
  • Namdar G. R., Bravo H. R., 2005. Identification of Groundwater Discharge and Recharge Sites through Temperature Time Series Analysis, Hydrological Science and Technology, Vol. 21.
  • Rodriguez A, Brea D, Farias D, Bravo HR, Castello E, Hillman G, Weber J, Pagot M, and Spalletti P, 2003. Hydraulic analyses for a new bridge over the Parana River, Argentina, International Journal of Sediment Research, 18 (2), 166-175, http://www.waser.cn/journal/full%20text/2003-2/10.pdf.
  • Bravo H. R., F. Jiang, and R. J. Hunt., 2002. Using groundwater temperature data to constrain parameter estimation in a groundwater flow model of a wetland system, Water Resources Research, 38 (8), 28-1–28-14.
  • Bravo, H.R., 2001. A First Course in Fluid Mechanics for Civil Engineers by Donald D. Gray, Book Review. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 127, No. 1, pp. 88-89.
  • Bravo, H. R. and Y.-H. Zheng, 2000. Turbulent Flow Over a Step with Rounded Edges: Experimental and Numerical Study, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 126, No. 1, pp. 82-85, http://ascelibrary.aip.org/getpdf/servlet/GetPDFServlet?filetype=pdf&id=JHEND8000126000001000082000001&idtype=cvips.
  • Bravo, H. R. and Zheng, Y.-H., 1999. Free-surface models of turbulent flow over sand dunes, International Journal of Applied Science and Computations, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 207-219.
  • Bravo, H.R. and Brown, G.H., 1997. 3-D modeling the groundwater hydrology of a wetland, Advances in Environmental Research 2(2), 153-166.
  • Bravo, H.R., 1997. Modeling DO conditions in streams using Lagrangian advection method, Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 5, pp. 643-658.
  • Bravo, H.R. and Holly, F.M. Jr., 1996. Turbulence model for depth-averaged flows in navigation installations, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 122, No. 12, pp. 718-727.
  • Bravo, H.R., Krajewski, W.F. and Holly, F.M. Jr., 1993. State space model for river temperature prediction, Water Resources Research, Vol. 29, No. 5, p. 1457-66.
  • Bravo, H.R., and S.C. Jain, 1991. Flow fields in lower lock approaches induced by hydroplant releases, Journal of Waterways, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering, 117(4): 369-389.