All official grades must be entered into PAWS by assigned instructors each term. This page provides information on the process for entering grades in the present term.
For more information about changing grades in PAWS after they have posted, please see the Registrar’s Office Online Grade Change Functionality page.
The Registrar’s Office generates Grade Rosters for class sections in PAWS that include all students who are enrolled at the time the roster process is run. Rosters are generated on a rolling basis throughout the Fall, Spring and Summer terms, and once during the UWinteriM term.
Fall: Grade Rosters for full-term courses will be generated the first week of December
UWinteriM: Grade Rosters will generate the Monday following the W Drop Deadline
Spring: Grade Rosters for full-term courses will be generated the first week of May
Summer: Grade Rosters will be generated on the last Thursday of the session. For example, classes scheduled in the 4W1 session during Summer 2015 (5/26/15-6/20/15), will have Grade Rosters generated the evening of Thursday, June 18, 2015.
Once grade rosters are generated, they are immediately accessible to instructors via the Faculty Center in PAWS. Instructors will only see the rosters for class sections to which they are assigned. Grade Rosters in the “Not Reviewed” status are refreshed nightly during the grading period to pick up any newly-enrolled students.
Grades are not considered final until they are entered into PAWS. Although grading functionality exists as part of the D2L learning management software, it is necessary to transmit course grades from D2L into PAWS at the end of the term in order for those grades to be considered a part of the student’s official record.
A custom process exists to automate the process of transmitting course grades from D2L into PAWS. See the Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL) website for detailed instructions.
Grades must be entered for all students on the Grade Roster. When complete, the roster must be set to ‘Approved’ status in order for grades to be posted. Some instructors (e.g., TAs) may only have access to enter grades but not approve the roster. The academic department determines the level of access when assigning instructors to PAWS.
Students are not able to view their grades on PAWS until the day after a grade roster is set to ‘Approved’ for a class section. Simply entering a grade for a student and saving will not allow the student to see their grade.
UWM uses a letter grade system that includes “plus” and “minus” grades and is based on a 4.000 scale.
|Grade||Points per Credit|
|F (0-16)||0.000 Fail|
Please note that the students who fail a class are assigned a grade by the instructor that reflects the failure and the final week of participation for the student (e.g., F1=failure with final participation in week one, F7=failure with final participation in week seven, F16=failure with participation for the full term). Capturing the final week of participation is required for financial aid purposes.
Other Grading Symbols
Students may be allowed to take a limited number of courses on a ‘Credit/No Credit’ basis and may enroll on an ‘Audit’ basis in courses for which they do not wish to obtain college credit. The following symbols are used when grade points are not involved*:
|S||Satisfactory (zero credit and Audit courses only)|
|U||Unsatisfactory (zero credit and Audit courses only)|
|Credit||‘C-‘ or above (credit/no credit courses only)|
|No Credit||Below ‘C-‘ (credit/no credit courses only)|
|NC||Not completed (audit courses only)|
|NR||Grade was not submitted in time to be reported|
* Except English 095 and Math 092/094/098. Letter grades are assigned for these courses, although they carry no degree or GPA credit.
An incomplete (I) may be given to a student who has actively and successfully participated in a class almost the entire semester, but has been unable to complete the final exam or some limited amount of term work because of illness or other unusual and substantiated cause beyond that student’s control.
A course marked incomplete must be completed during the first eight weeks of the succeeding semester, excluding Summer sessions. An extension of time to the end of the semester is possible if extenuating circumstances prevent the student from completing the course during the first 8 weeks. Extensions must be recommended by the instructor and approved by the dean of the student’s school or college.
If the student does not remove the incomplete grade by the end of the subsequent semester (excluding Summer), the report of ‘I’ will lapse to ‘F’.
Approved Grade Rosters will begin posting the business day following the Grade Roster Generation.
Instructors are expected to record course grades in PAWS for all enrolled students by the established deadline (see below). The grading deadline is 4:30 PM on the fourth business day after the last day of the approved final exam period for the fall and spring semesters, and 4:30 PM on the fourth business day after the conclusion of the summer and UWinteriM terms. Instructors are expected to record course grades in PAWS for all enrolled students by the established deadline (posted below).
All grades must be entered by the grading deadline to ensure necessary end-of-term processing (e.g., repeat checking, Dean’s Honors, etc.) will include all grades that students earn in the term. The Registrar’s Office runs its final processing on all grades entered into PAWS the evening of grading deadline. Any grades not entered into PAWS at that time will result in a value of ‘NR’ (not reported). After NR grades are assigned, all grade entries must be submitted as grade changes.
Current and Upcoming Deadlines for Instructor Grading
||Grade Roster Generation||Grading Deadline|
|Fall 2017||December 5, 2017||December 29, 2017|
|UWinteriM 2018||January 2, 2018||January 30, 2018|
|Spring 2018||May 1, 2018||May 24, 2018|
|Summer 2018||Varies||August 28, 2018|
See the Dates & Deadlines link at the top of the page.
The most effective method for contacting the Registrar’s Office is the online contact form. Select ‘Grades’ from the drop-down on the form prior to submission to ensure the information is properly routed.
If a phone call is the only option, instructor grading questions can be directed as follows:
|Current and upcoming terms||(414) 229-2504|
|Grade changes and past terms||(414) 229-2876 or (414) 229-4147|
If you have a question that isn’t answered here, please contact the Registrar’s Office for help.
When can I begin to enter my grades?
As soon as Grade Rosters are generated. Please see the “Deadlines for Instructor Grading” section above for upcoming Grade Roster generation dates.
Why can’t I see my Grade Roster?
If you are an instructor who is unable to see a Grade Roster on your PAWS Faculty Center at the end of a term, contact your academic department to verify that you are assigned properly to the graded section of the class in PAWS.
If you still cannot see the roster in your Faculty Center after you have confirmed with your department that you have been properly assigned, follow these instructions, or use the Registrar’s Office Contact Form to report the issue.
Why can’t I set my Grade Roster to “Approved”?
Review your grade roster to ensure that a grade has been entered for each student on the roster. If a space is left blank, PAWS will not allow you to set a Grade Roster to “Approved” status.
If all grades are entered and you still cannot approve the grades, then you may have the incorrect grading access set (or, in some cases, you will only have access to grade and not approve, especially if you are the class TA). Contact your academic department to confirm your correct grading access
I am missing a student from my Grade Roster, what do I do?
Students who are not enrolled in a class at the time Grade Rosters are generated will not automatically appear on the rosters after enrollment takes place. A nightly process runs throughout the grading period to refresh Grade Rosters with newly-enrolled students. Rosters will only be refreshed if they are in “Not Reviewed” status.
Use the Registrar’s Office Contact Form to identify situations where late enrolled students are not appearing on a Grade Roster. If grades are already entered for other students in the class, it may be necessary for a paper grade change form to be submitted for the late enrollee.
Will grades from non-regular sessions post right away?
Yes. Per university policy, grades should be entered within 48 hours of the conclusion of a class. Rosters for partial-term courses generate during the final week and are available to the instructor on that Friday. A nightly process runs throughout the semester to post grade rosters where the Approval Status has been set to “Approve.”
Can I make an online grade change more than once?
Yes, but you must wait 24 hours between changes because there are processes that run after each change that need to complete before a subsequent change can be made.
I am having trouble importing my grades to PAWS from D2L.
Please refer to the Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL) website for step-by-step instructions. If you continue to have trouble, contact the LTC via email at firstname.lastname@example.org, or by phone at (414) 229-4319.
How can I tell if my grades have posted to my Students?
Grades post around 6 PM each day, so if you enter your grades and set the roster to “Approve” before the grade post process runs for the day, your students should be able to see their grades that evening. To double check to see if the grades have posted, log into PAWS and navigate to your grade roster. PAWS Navigation: Main Menu > Faculty Center > My Schedule, then choose the grade roster icon .
If the grades have posted, you will see a “Posted” message in the Grade Roster Action box.
PAWS requires a number after an F grade. What does that mean?
The number represents the final week of participation for the student (e.g., F1=failure with participation in week one, F7=failure with final participation in week seven, F16=failure with participation for the full term). Capturing the final week of participation is required for financial air purposes.