Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded in 1942 in Chicago, Illinois. CORE was a leading civil rights organization during the Civil Rights Movement. In fact, the interracial organization provided the Civil Rights Movement with its ideology of nonviolence and its direct action tactics to confront the racial inequalities which existed in the United States. In the early 1960s, CORE became well-known for its “Freedom Rides” throughout the South. The Freedom Riders were an interracial group of activists who boarded Trailway and Greyhound buses and rode them throughout the South. Along the way, the Riders integrated interstate terminal facilities such as waiting rooms, restrooms, and lunch counters. White Freedom Riders would use the terminal facilities labeled “For colored only” and the black Freedom Riders would use the facilities labeled “For whites only.” These rides were met with resistance and extreme violence, particularly as riders traveled deeper into the South. The Freedom Rides gained such an enormous amount of national and international attention that, in 1961, the Interstate Commerce Commission outlawed segregation in interstate travel. A Milwaukee chapter of CORE (MCORE) was founded in 1963. MCORE briefly participated in Lloyd Barbee‘s Milwaukee Public School desegregation campaign, but focused particularly on attacking the inequalities that black Milwaukeeans faced in employment and housing. EM