This project for the WisDOT Bureau of Transportation Safety produced two peer-reviewed papers to inform professional safety practice. The first, authored Robert Schneider, Andrew Schmitz, Greg Lindsey, and Xiao Qin, is titled “Development and Validation of a Seven-County Regional Pedestrian Volume Model” (2021). It used seven statistically-significant variables to estimate annual pedestrian crossing volumes at intersections along major roadways. The results could be used to estimate exposure in pedestrian safety analyses and could become the basis for a statewide pedestrian volume model. The second paper, authored by Robert Schneider, Andrew Schmitz, Greg Lindsey, and Xiao Qin, is titled “Exposure-Based Models of Trail User Crashes at Roadway Crossings” (2021). It presents one of the first pedestrian and bicyclist crash models for multi-use trail roadway crossings. Results show that trail user crashes were associated with trail user volumes, motor vehicle volumes, trail crossings at three-way intersections where the trail was perpendicular to the mainline roadway, and total crossing distance. The project also collected pedestrian counts at three sites in the Milwaukee region using continuous, automated counters and tested automated video data collection methods to capture pedestrian and motorist counts and behaviors at several intersections with WisDOT traffic cameras.

Project Documents

Project Details


Start Date
October 1, 2019

End Date
September 30, 2021

Focus Areas
Data Analytics, Modeling and Simulation
Urban Mobility

US Dept Of Transportation
Wi Dept Of Transportation

Research Centers
Institute for Physical Infrastructure and Transportation (IPIT)

Principal Investigator

Schneider,Robert J
Associate Professor Department of Urban Planning University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Co-Principal Investigator

Qin, Xiao
Director, Institute for Physical Infrastructure and Transportation (IPIT)
Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee