Global Health is a field of research, practice and education that places priority on:
- Achieving health equity
- Developing and implementing solutions that require global cooperation
- Focusing on issues that directly or indirectly affect health but can transcend national boundaries
- Embracing both prevention in populations and clinical care of individuals, families, and communities
- Involving a range of disciplines, both interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary, within and beyond health sciences
At the UWM College of Nursing and through its Center for Global Health Equity, we focus our research efforts towards achieving health equity. Our Global Health researchers have expertise in:
- HIV/AIDS prevention, self-management and care, support and treatment
- Maternal, reproductive and child health
- Gender-based violence and women’s empowerment
- Examining and addressing social, economical and political determinants of health on a global level, with a major focus on East Africa, Southern Africa, and Southeast Asia
The issues above are significant and they impact the health and development of populations around the world. For example, the number of people currently living with HIV is 34.0 million, with 1.8 million people dying of the disease in 2011 (UNAIDS). The United Nations estimates the cost of this disease to be $10 billion per year.
Related to maternal and reproductive health, more than 350,000 women die annually from complications during pregnancy or childbirth, almost all of them in developing countries. The maternal mortality rate is declining slowly, even though the vast majority of deaths are avoidable. In sub-Saharan Africa, a woman’s maternal mortality risk is 1 in 30, compared to 1 in 5,600 in developed regions and every year, more than 1 million children are left motherless (UN Millennium Development Goals). Major inequalities and challenges also persist globally in child health, gender-based violence and gender empowerment.
Our researchers have extensive experience in qualitative research, and population health assessments and evaluation methods, and seek to improve health outcomes for vulnerable populations, low-income populations, and those affected by HIV. Results of this research have appeared in the Journal of Advanced Nursing, Advances in Nursing Science, Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, Health Care for Women International, Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services, Qualitative Health Research, American Journal of Public Health, AIDS & Behavior, and more.