The Individual and Family Self-Management Theory (IFSMT)
Self-management is a process by which individuals and families use knowledge and beliefs, self-regulation skills and abilities, and social facilitation to achieve health-related outcomes.Self-management takes place in the context of risk and protective factors specific to the condition, physical and social environment, and individual and family. Proximal outcomes are self-management behaviors and cost of health care services; distal outcomes are health status, quality of life and cost of health. Self-management is applicable to chronic conditions as well as health promotion [1-4].
Self-management is highly consistent with the prevention, care coordination, and person-centered outcomes of the Affordable Care Act. Our SMSC is the nexus for scientists who are testing and revising the Individual and Family Self-Management Theory (IFSMT), developing and testing self-management interventions, applying self-management to various health/illness conditions, translating self-management to practice and to curricula, and expanding the theory to aggregates and the community.
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1 Ryan, P. & Sawin, K. J. (2009). The Individual and Family Self-Management Theory: Background and perspectives on context process and outcomes. Nursing Outlook, 57, 217-225.
Link to article: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2908991/
2 Ryan, P. (2009). The Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change: Background and intervention development. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 23(3), 161-170.
3 UWM Self-Management Science Center Working Group*. (2011). Individual and Family Self-Management Theory: Definition of self-management.
4 Ryan, P. A., & Sawin, K. J. (2014). Individual and Family Self-Management Theory [Revised Figure]. Retrieved from
*Working group members. P. Ryan, K. Sawin, J. Doering, B. Rodgers, S. Morgan, R. Schiffman, E. Hildebrandt & R. Marine.