Native American History Resources – Microtext

Native American History Resources in the
UW-Milwaukee Libraries Microtext Research Collection


American Indian Oral History: The Duke Collection.
(MC) E 19 (310 fiche)
(MFC) E 78 .O45 D9x. Index Parts A-C.


Yakama artist with cornhusk bag

Cornhusk Bags of the Plateau Indians.
(MC) E 29. (MFC) Z E 78 .W3 C45 1976. Book.
The book includes 335 color photographs from the collection of the Chaney Cowles Memorial Museum.

Cornhusk bag is the popular name for a distinctive type of flexible hand-woven bag made by the Indian women of the Columbia and Snake River Plateau. The bags are both utilitarian and pieces of art. To see more photographs of cornhusk bags and the Yakama artist pictured above, search “cornhusk bags” at:

Draper Manuscript Collection.
(MF) Z 10 (123 reels)
(MFC) Z 6616 .D72 H37 1983. Guide to the collection.

This well-known collection of American historical records runs to 500 volumes and includes references to Native American history, primarily from 1755 to 1812. It contains the 24-volume Frontier Wars Papers and the 13-volume Tecumseh Papers. Listen to Arthur S. Junaluska read Shawnee Chief Tecumseh’s famous 1810 address to General William Henry Harrison at:

Early Western Travels, 1748-1846: A Series of Annotated Reprints of Some of the Best and Rarest Contemporary Volumes of Travel: Descriptive of the Aborigines and Social and Economic . . . During the Period of Early American Settlement.
(MC) F 1, Volumes 1-32.

Indian-Pioneer Papers, 1860-1935/Western History Collection, University of Oklahoma.
(MC) E 18 (1,000 fiche)
(MC) E 18 Index 1-7 filed at the end of the set.

Oklahoma historians working under a 1936 WPA grant interviewed white and native Americans with knowledge of the early days of the Indian and Oklahoma Territories. Read an interview with Adam Bean who was born in Goingsnake District, Cherokee Nation, I.T. in 1880 at

Indian Rights Association Papers, 1885-1901.
Historical Society of Pennsylvania
(MF) E 102 (26 Reels)

Contents: Reels 1-10: Outgoing letterbooks, v.1-14. Reel 11: Early letters, 1885-1886. Reels 12-26: Incoming correspondence, 1887-1901.

Letter Book of the Creek Trading House, 1795-1816.
National Archives of the United States.
(MF) CD 01 Ser. M 4 (1 reel)

Letters relating to commerce sent and received by the Creek Indian Trading House agent. Arranged in chronological order.

North American Indians: Photographs from the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
(MC) E 10 (52 fiche)
(MFC) E 77.67x 1974. Key to contents and index to cross-references for 130 images.

To see more of the Smithsonian’s vast holdings in Native American visual history, travel to this online exhibit at the National Anthropological Archives:

Papers of Albert Gallatin.
(MF) E 29 (46 reels)
(MFC) E 302 .G16 1969. Index.

Papers of Albert Gallatin. Supplement.
(MF) E 69 (5 reels)
(MFC) Z 6616 .G33x G84 1985. Guide.

Albert Gallatin (1761 to 1849), early American statesman and founder of the American Ethnological Society, had a keen personal interest in the languages and lives of the indigenous peoples of North and Central America. Additional information is available in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress:

Papers of Carlos Montezuma, 1892-1937.
(MF) E 198 (10 reels)
(MF) E 198 Reel 1. Guide to the collection.

Carlos Montezuma (tribal name Wassaja), a Yavapai Indian born in 1866 and raised in urban white society, was a prominent physician, crusader for Native American rights, and a founding member of the Society of American Indians.

Papers of the Society of American Indians.
(MF) E 204 (10 reels)
(MFC) E75 .G85x 1987. Guide to the microfiche edition.

This 5,600-document collection is a record of the organization, personalities, and accomplishments of the nation’s first modern Pan-Indian reform group; it is one of only a handful of document collections generated by Native Americans themselves.

Papers of William Henry Harrison, 1800-1815.
(MF) E 209 (10 reels)
(MFC) E392.H37x 1999. Guide to the collection.

William Henry Harrision, 9 th President of the United States, began his career as an Army officer who was best known for his role in the “Indian Wars” and for defeating Shawnee Chief Tecumseh’s forces at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Additional information is available in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress:

Protestant Missionaries to the American Indians, 1787 to 1862.
Robert Frederick Berkhofer, Jr., Thesis (Ph. D.) Cornell University.
(MF) E 5

Subjects: Indians of North America –Missions., Protestant churches –Missions –History.

Survey Field Notebooks and Related Volumes, pre-1880, 1880-1895.
Northwestern Archaeological Survey (U.S.)
(MC) F 152 (9 microfilm reels)

Handwritten volumes and typed transcriptions of 41 field and supplementary notebooks and one volume each of pictograph drawings and statistical summaries created by archaeologist Theodore H. Lewis during an extensive archaeological survey (1880-1895) in 10 midwestern states and the province of Manitoba; and two effigy mound records and four mound records compiled by Alfred J. Hill, who sponsored and financed the survey. The survey records document more than 2000 mound and village sites containing more than 17,000 individual mounds and earthworks primarily in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, North Dakota, and South Dakota, and to a lesser extent in Illinois, Missouri, Michigan, Nebraska, Kansas, and Manitoba.

Women’s National Indian Association: Annual Meeting and Report, 1883-1938.
(MC) E 0126 (26 fiche)

Indian’s Friend.
(MC) E 065, v.1:no.4 (1888)-v.63:no.2 (1951).
(Official organ of the Women’s National Indian Association, 1888-1901.)

Women who were interested in the cause of American Indians founded the Women’s National Indian Association in the late 19th century. Amelia S. Quinton, an early and active member, wrote a short history of the Association for the 1893 Columbian Exposition: Read a contemporary historian’s account of the WNIA, “Nineteenth Century Women and Reform: The Women’s National Indian Association” in American Indian Quarterly : Winter 90, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p.1 , 18 pp.

Native American Periodicals

American Indian Periodicals from the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. 1884–1981.
(MF) E 018. (13 reels)

This collection includes community newspapers in both English and Native American languages, as well as mission and church newspapers and periodicals. For a complete titles list, search: “ american indian periodicals from the state historical society of wisconsin”.

American Indian Periodicals in the Princeton University Library, 1839-1982.
(MF) E 017 (3 reels)
(MC) E 03–E 0128 (2,690 fiche)

For a complete titles list, search the online catalog: Series Title (exact): “american indian periodicals in the princeton university library”.

Index to Wisconsin Native American Periodicals, 1897-1981.
(MC) Z 24.

This book is an index to personal names found in 27 selected Native American periodicals published from 1897 to 1981. The 44,259 entries are limited to individuals residing or formerly residing in Wisconsin.

The Indian Paint Brush

Miscellaneous Indian Newspapers Published by Various
Indian Agencies in Wyoming.
(MF) E 192

This small collection includes The Indian Guide and The Indian Paint Brush , both published by the children of the Wind River Boarding School, Shoshone Agency, Wyoming.

Periodicals by and about North American Indians, 1923-1981.
(MF) E 019 (82 reels)
(MFC) E 75 .P47x 1981. Printed inventory arranged by title and reel.

The majority of the publications in the collection are short-lived Native American newsletters, tabloids and newspapers . For a complete titles list search: “periodicals by and about north american indians”.

Government Records

American State Papers. Class 2: Indian Affairs, 1789 to 1838.

The CIS microfiche edition of the Papers (1 st through 19 th Cong.) is available in the UWM Government Information collection . To view the American State Papers online, go to:

FBI Files on the American Indian Movement and Wounded Knee.
(MF) E 199 (26 reels)
(MFC) E 93 .G84x 1987. Guide to the microfilm edition.

FBI File on the Osage Indian Murders.
(MF) E 205 (3 reels)
(MFC) E99.O8 G85x 1986. Reel guide.

For additional information and to view the file online, visit the Federal Bureau of Investigation page at:

Guide to American Indian Documents in the U.S. Congressional Serial Set, 1817-1899.
(REF) KF 8201 .A1 J63

The guide records 10,649 documents on Indian affairs found in the Serial Set from 1817 to 1899 (15 th through 56 th Cong.) The microfiche edition of the CIS U.S. Serial Set is available in the UWM Government Information collection. To view one section of the U.S. Serial Set, Number 4015, Indian Land Cessions in the United States, 1784-1894, go to:

Letters Sent by the Secretary of War Relating to Indian Affairs, 1800-1824. (MF) CD 01 Ser. M 15 (6 microfilm reels)

“This series includes handwritten copies of letters to territorial governors, Indian superintendents, Indian agents and subagents, the Superintendent of Indian Trade, factors of trading posts, military commanders, private traders, bankers, persons having commercial dealings with the department, missionaries, Indians, and others. Some of the letters are noted as signed by clerks in the Department rather than by the Secretary, and a few are noted as signed by the President. Included are copies of addresses to Indian delegations, appointments, passports issued for travel in Indian country, and instructions to treaty commissioners. This series is arranged chronologically. Each volume is indexed alphabetically, primarily by name of addressee but sometimes by name of tribe or other principal subject.” [from American Indians, A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications]

Letters Sent by the Superintendent of Indian Trade, 1807-1823. (MF) CD 01 Ser. M 16 (6 microfilm reels)

“This publication includes handwritten copies of the outgoing correspondence of the Superintendents of Indian Trade with the Secretary of War, factors and other representatives of the Office of Indian Trade, Indian agents, the Secretary of the Treasury and other Treasury officials, the President, merchants, manufacturers, bankers, and others. The letters relate to the purchase of goods for the factories, the disposal of furs and other commodities received from the factories, the operation of the factories, annuity payments, accounts, and appointments as well as to Indian trade and Indian affairs in general. Each volume is arranged chronologically, but there is some overlapping between volumes. Each volume is indexed by name of addressee.” [from American Indians, A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications]

Ratified Indian Treaties, 1722-1869.
(MF) CD 01 Ser M 668 (16 reels)
(MF) CD 01 Reel 1. Chronological list, index by place, and index by tribe, 1722-1883.

Records of the Cherokee Indian Agency in Tennessee, 1801-1835.
National Archives (United States–Offiice of Indian Affairs–Cherokee Agency–History–Sources)
(MF) CD 01 Ser. M 208 (14 reels).

Records of the Indian Claims Commission.

The Indian Claims Commission, created by Congress in 1946, was charged with settling Native American claims against the U.S. government. The Commission disbanded in 1978, but 33 years of expert testimony by anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, historians and economists left a record of over 100,000 pages and 400 case studies.

    • General Accounting Office Reports before the Indian Claims Commission.

(MC) E 16 (301 fiche)

    • Decisions of the Indian Claims Commission; findings, opinions, orders, and final awards of the United States Indian Claims Commission, 1948 et seq.

(MC) KF 1 (350 fiche)
(MFC) KF 8208 .A554.
Index to the decisions of the Indian Claims Commission.

    • Expert Testimony before the Indian Claims Commission.

(MC) KF 2 (333 fiche)
(REF) KF 8208.E9. Index.

    • Transcripts of Oral Expert Testimony before the Indian Claims Commission.

(MC) KF 3 (420 fiche)

Brief and Exhibit Digests before the Indian Claims Commission.

(MC) KF 4 (1,436 fiche)


  • Legislative History of the Indian Claims Commission Act of 1946.


(MC) KF 5 (12 fiche)


  • Journal, daily record of findings, opinions, orders and final awards/Indian Claims Commission.


(MC) KF 6 (32 fiche)


  • Docket books: a record of the documents received by the Indian Claims Commission.


(MC) KF 7 (41 fiche)

Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the United States : hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate, Seventieth Congress, second session, pursuant to S. Res. 79: a resolution directing the Committee on Indian Affairs of the United States Senate to make a general survey of the conditions of the Indians of the United States. Parts 1 – 41
(MF) E 197, Parts 1-41 (7 microfilm reels)

These hearings were held to investigate charges of incompetence and corruption on the part of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and to document reports of extreme poverty and disease among the Indian tribes of the United States. Wisconsin Senator Robert M. La Follette Jr. served on the subcommittee as well as the Committee on Indian Affairs which considered Senate Resolution 79. The January 10, 1928 Committee hearing began with the testimony of another Wisconsin legislator, James A. Frear, who spoke in support of the Resolution.

Territorial Papers of the United States. The Territory of Wisconsin, 1836-1848: A Microfilm Supplement.
(MC) F 31 (122 reels) Reels 38-47 contain Native American records.

UWM Collection of National Archives Microcopy Groups 234, 236, 494: Letters Sent, Received; 19th Century Wisconsin and Great Lakes Indian Agencies.
(MF) E 157 = M 234 (MF) E 158 = M 236 (MF) E 159 = T 494
(MFC) CD 3055 .K4x. Key to the collection.

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