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Open Peer Review: The Current Landscape and Emerging Models
October 16 @ 12:45 pm - 1:45 pm
SOIS Research Committee Presentation – Open Peer Review: The Current Landscape and Emerging Models
October 16, 2019
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, School of Information Studies
NWQB 3511• 2025 E Newport Ave • Milwaukee, WI 53211
Abstract: Open peer review (OPR) is an important innovation in the open science movement. OPR can play a significant role in advancing scientific communication by increasing its transparency. This study provides the first comprehensive investigation of OPR adoption, its early adopters and the implementation models used. The findings suggest that: 1) there has been a steady growth in OPR adoption; 2) OPR adoption is most prevalent in medicine and the natural sciences; 3) three publishers are responsible for 87% of identified OPR journals; 4) early adopter publishers have implemented different models of OPR resulting in different levels of transparency. Across the variations in OPR implementations, two important factors define the degree of transparency: open identities and open reports. When and where open reports can be accessed are also important factors indicating the OPR transparency level.