PhD, Biology (Ecology, Behavior & Evolution), Boston University, 2018
BA, Biology, Carleton College, 2009
My research focuses on how evolutionary and ecological processes affect the timing of seasonal biological events, as well as when, where, and how species interact with one another. As a PhD student working with Richard Primack at Boston University from 2012-2018, my research highlighted the effects of climate change on the timing of autumn events, including fruit ripening and bird migration. I also investigated how such climate-driven changes alter food availability for birds in autumn, and determined that while birds are increasingly likely to encounter the fruits of invasive plants under climate change, they will seek out native fruits where they are available. My dissertation research incorporated the historical field notes of Henry David Thoreau, long-term bird banding records, museum specimens and field observations, and has been featured by National Audubon, The Wildlife Society and American Scientist. As a postdoctoral researcher working with Will Pearse at Utah State University from 2018-2021, I further examined the evolutionary context of species’ present-day occurrences and interactions. I developed novel eco-evolutionary techniques to study species assembly from local to regional scales, and investigated relationships between the taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity of plants, birds, and mammals across the USA. Now, as a postdoctoral researcher at UWM, I am working with Profs. Mark D. Schwartz and Alison Donnely, as well as the USA National Phenology Network and the National Ecological Observatory Network to forecast the timing of spring plant events, like flowering and leaf-out, across species and environmental gradients. This work, funded by the National Science Foundation’s Macrosystems Biology Program, aims to improve the accuracy of spring models by basing our predictions on the biological mechanisms underlying plant processes, so that we may better understand how plants will respond to future environmental change.
Gallinat AS, Ellwood ER, Miller-Rushing AJ, Pearse WD, Heberling JM, Primack RB. Macrophenology: insights into the broad-scale patterns, drivers, and ecological consequences of phenology. In press, American Journal of Botany.
Gallinat AS, Pearse WD. 2021. Phylogenetic generalized linear mixed modeling presents novel opportunities for eco‐evolutionary synthesis. Oikos, 130: 669-679.
Gallinat AS, Primack RB, Lloyd-Evans TL. 2020. Can invasive species replace native species as a resource for birds under climate change? A case study on bird-fruit interactions. Biological Conservation, 241: 108268.
Gallinat AS, Primack RB, Willis CG, Nordt B, Stevens AD, Fahey R, Whittemore A, Du Y, Panchen ZA. 2018. Patterns and predictors of fleshy fruit phenology at five international botanic gardens. American Journal of Botany, 105(11): 1824-1834.
Gallinat AS, Russo L, Melaas EK, Willis CG, Primack RB. 2018. Herbarium specimens show patterns of fruiting phenology in native and invasive plant species across New England. American Journal of Botany, 105: 31-41.
Primack RB, Gallinat AS. 2016. Spring budburst in a changing climate. American Scientist, 104: 102-109. Gallinat AS, Primack RB, Wagner DL. 2015. Autumn, the neglected season in climate change research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30:169-176.