Junjie Niu, Ph.D.

Associate Professor
Materials Science & Engineering

Prior to coming to the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Junjie Niu was a Postdoctoral Associate in Departments of Nuclear & Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He received his Ph.D. in Materials Science in 2005. He was a faculty member at Shanghai JiaoTong University (SJTU) before joining Prof. Yury Gogotsi's group at Drexel as a Postdoc. From 2011 to 2014, he moved to Prof. Ju Li's group at UPenn and MIT, developing a new lab and leading experimental research. Dr. Niu’s interdisciplinary research includes understanding fundamental science in physics/chemistry, and engineering materials in applications of energy storage, water treatments and chemo-mechanics. Niu group has received several millions of dollars research grants, which are sponsored by a variety of agencies including federal agencies such as NSF and industries. Dr.Niu has received a series of awards including but not limited to, 2020 Office of Research/ UWM Foundation Research Award, Ignite Grant Program for Applied Research Award for 2020-2021, MRS Best Presentation Award, 2019, Outstanding Research Award, 2019, UWMF Technology Licensing Award, 2018, and Shanghai “ChenGuang” Scholar (2007).

Niu has published more than 80 papers in prestigious journals including Nature sister journals--Nature Nanotechnology and Nature Communications and two book chapters; By 2020/7, his total citation is 8,000+ times with a H-index of 42 and i10 index of 92 (https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=K0Wb48cAAAAJ&hl=en).

Dr. Jun Jie Niu's Lab Website


  • B.S., Material Science, Shandong Institute of Light Industry, China, 2000
  • Ph.D. (Combined with M.S.), Materials Physics and Chemistry, Zhejiang University, China, 2005

Research Interests:

  • Next-generation lithium-ion and beyond batteries
  • NMC based battery and polymer recycling
  • Fundamental mechanism of electro-chemo-mechanical property of materials using in-situ TEM observations
  • Water-energy nexus: self-cleaning, water purification including bacteria/biofilm/POPs/chemicals/bacteria/chloroform removal


  • X Chen, M Shang, Junjie Niu. Inter-layer-calated thin Li metal electrode with improved battery capacity retention and dendrite suppression. Nano Letters, 20 (2020), 2639-2646. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c00201
  • M Shang, X Chen, B Li, Junjie Niu. A fast charge/discharge and wide-temperature battery with germanium oxide layer on TiCA3 MXene matrix as anode. ACS Nano, 14 (2020), 3678-3686. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.0c00556
  • S Klimchuk, M Shang, M Samuel, Junjie Niu. A robust hybrid hydrophilic coating on HDPE surface with enhanced mechanical property. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12 (2020), 32017-32022.
  • J Liu, X Lin, T Han, Q Lu, J Long, H Zhang, X Chen, Junjie Niu,* J Li. An artificial sea urchin with hollow spines: improved mechanical and electrochemical stability in high-capacity Li-Ge batteries. Nanoscale, 12 (2020), 5812-5816. (inside cover)
  • J Liu, X Lin, H Zhang, Z Shen, Q Lu, Junjie Niu,* J Li and P Braun. A bee pupa-infilled honeycomb structure-inspired Li2MnSiO4 cathode for high volumetric energy density secondary batteries. ChemComm. 55 (2019), 3582-3585.
  • Y Lv, X Chen, M Shang, Junjie Niu. Double-net enclosed sulfur composite as a new cathode in lithium sulfur batteries. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123 (2019), 17719-17727.
  • Journal of Alloy and Compounds, 776 (2019), 504-510.
  • J Liu, P Zhou, W Zhang, Xi Chen, J Huang, J Li, M Chi and Junjie Niu, All-in-one Sn-Co alloy as binder-free anode in high-capacity batteries and its dynamic lithiation in situ. ChemComm. 55 (2019), 529-523. DOI: 10.1039/C8CC07868H.
  • Y Lu, M Shang, X, Chen, P Nezhad, Junjie Niu, Largely improved battery performance using micro-sized silicon skeleton caged by polypyrrole as anode. ACS Nano, 13 (2019), 12032-12041. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b06301.
  • X Chen, Y Lv, M Shang, Junjie Niu. Iron controllable lithium into lithiotropic carbon fiber fabric: a novel Li metal anode with improved cyclability and dendrite suppression. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11 (2019), 21584-21592.
  • Y Ye, S Klimchuk, M Shang, K McDonald, Junjie Niu. Acoustic bubble suppression by constructing a hydrophilic coating on HDPE surface. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces,11(2019), 16944-16950.
  • S Kang, M Shang, M Spence, M Andrew, S Liu, and Junjie Niu. Dynamic charge acceptance and hydrogen evolution of new MXene additive in advanced lead-acid batteries via a rapid screening three-electrode method. ChemComm. 54 (2018), 3456-3459.
  • Y Kim, M Shang, S Kang, J Karsseboom, and Junjie Niu. A strong hydrophobic coating by conducting a new hierarchical architecture. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 122 (2018) 4628-4634.
  • L Zhang, J Pu, Y Jiang, Z Shen, J Li, J Liu, H Ma, Junjie Niu and H Zhang. Low interface energies tune the electrochemical reversibility of tin oxide composite nanoframes as lithium ion battery anodes. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 10 (2018), 36892-36901.
  • P Zhou,T Han, C Gu, J Li, Z Shen, H Zhang, Junjie Niu, J Liu and J Liu. A novel wheel-confined composite as cathode in Li-S batteries with high capacity retention. S Kang, Xi Chen, and Junjie Niu. Sn wears super skin: a new design for long cycling batteries. Nano Letters, 18 (2018) 467-474. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b04416.
  • J Liu, X Lin, X Chen, Z Shen, M Chi, Junjie Niu*, et al. A novel tin hybrid nano-composite with double nets of carbon and reduced graphene oxide as a stable anode in lithium ion batteries. Chemical Communications, 53 (2017) 13125-13128.
  • Corrigendum: S Li, Junjie Niu, YC Zhao, KP So, C Wang, CA Wang, J Li. High-rate aluminium yolk-shell nanoparticle anode for Li-ion battery with long cycle life and ultrahigh capacity. Nature Communications, 8, (2017) 16174.
  • J Liu, Xi Chen, J Kim, Q Zheng, H Ning, P Sun, X Huang, J Liu, Junjie Niu, and P. Braun. High volumetric capacity three-dimensionally sphere-caged secondary battery anodes. Nano Letters, 16 (2016) 4501-4507
  • Sa Li*, Junjie Niu* (equal) et al. High-rate aluminum yolk-shell nanoparticle anode for Li-ion battery with long cycle life and ultrahigh capacity. Nature Communications, 6:7872 (2015).
  • Junjie Niu, et al. In situ observation of random solid solution zone in LiFePO4 electrode. Nano Letters, 14 (2014) 4005-4010.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Scalable synthesis of sulfur nanosponge cathode for lithium-sulfur battery with improved cyclability. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2 (2014) 19788-10796.
  • Karwacki, P. Ganesh, P. Kent, W. Gordon, G. Peterson, Junjie Niu, Yury Gogotsi, Structure-activity relationship of Au/ZrO2 catalyst on formation of hydroxyl groups and its influence on CO oxidation. Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 1 (2013) 6051-6062.
  • I Neitzel, V Mochalin, Junjie Niu, et al. Maximizing Young's modulus of aminated nanodiamond-epoxy composites measured in compression. Polymer, 53 (2012) 5965-5971.
  • Y Gao, V Presser, L Zhang, Junjie Niu, et al. High power supercapacitor electrodes based on flexible TiC-CDC nano-felts. Journal of Power Sources, 201 (2012) 368-375.
  • JK McDonough, AI Frolov, V Presser, Junjie Niu, et al. Influence of the structure of carbon onions on their electrochemical performance in supercapacitor electrodes. Carbon, 50 (2012) 3298-3309.
  • J Huang, Y Lo, Junjie Niu, et al. Nanowire liquid pumps. Nature Nanotechnology, 8 (2013) 277-281.
  • Q Zhang, V Mochalin, I Neitzel, K Hazeli, Junjie Niu, et al. Mechanical properties and biomineralization of multifunctional nanodiamond-PLLA composites for bone tissue engineering. Biomaterials, 33 (2012) 5067-5075.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Carbon nanotube-tipped endoscope for in situ intracellular surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Small, 7 (2011) 540-545.
  • V Presser, L Zhang, Junjie Niu, et al. Flexible Carbide-Derived Carbon Nano-Felts with Ultra-High Power Handling Capability. Advanced Energy Materials, 1 (2011) 423-430. (Front Cover)
  • M Nagui, M Kurtoglu, V Presser, J Lu, Junjie Niu, et al. Two-dimensional nanocrystals produced by exfoliation of Ti3AlC2. Advanced Materials 23 (2011) 4248-4253. (Front Cover)
  • R Singhal, Z Orynbayeva, R Sundaram, Junjie Niu, et al. Multifunctional nanotube-based cellular endoscopes. Nature Nanotechnology, 6 (2011) 57-64
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Temperature and structural dependence of electrochemical activity and fuel cell performance. Acta Materialia 58 (2010) 408–414.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Synthesis of macroscopic SiC nanowires at the gram level and their electrochemical activity with Pt loadings. Acta Materialia 57 (2009) 3084–3090.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. A novel self-cleaning coating with silicon carbide nanowires. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 113 (2009) 2909-2912.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Gas flow dependence on hollow carbon nano-cages as catalyst support in fuel cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 18 (2008) 5921-5926.
  • B Xia, J Wang, X Wang, Junjie Niu, et al. Synthesis and application of graphitic carbon with high surface area. Advanced Functional Materials, 18 (2008) 1790-1798.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Aligned silicon carbide nanowires-crossed nets with high superhydrophobicity. Langmuir, 24 (2008) 6918-6923.
  • Electrochimica Acta 53 (2008) 8058-8063.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Direct synthesis superhydrophobic silica nanowires surface by evaporating ZnS on silicon wafer. Crystal Growth & Design, 8 (2008) 2793-2798.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. Electrocatalytical activity on oxidizing hydrogen and methanol of novel carbon nanocages of different pore structures with various Pt-loadings. J Wang, Y Zhao, Junjie Niu, Preparation of graphitic carbon nanocages with high surface area and its application as an electrode material for fuel cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 17 (2007) 2251-2256.
  • Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111 (2007) 10329-10335.
  • Junjie Niu, et al. A simple route to synthesize scales of aligned single-crystalline SiC nanowires arrays with very small diameter and optical properties. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 111 (2007) 4368-4373.
  • J Wang, L Zhang, Junjie Niu, et al. Synthesis of high surface area, water-dispersible graphitic carbon nanocages by an in situ template approach. Chemistry of Materials, 19 (2007) 453-459.
  • J Sha, Junjie Niu, et al. Silicon nanotubes. Advanced Materials, 14 (2002) 1219-1221.