Land Resources Focus

The land resources focus area deals with land conservation and management. Students learn to use spatial database and computer geographic information techniques and how to apply these skills to understand human and natural impacts on the landscape.

Graduates often find jobs working with governmental agencies or private companies as cartographers, GIS professionals, resource consultants, or conservation planners and managers.

Some focus courses available include:

  • conservation of natural resources
  • cartography
  • geographic information systems
  • physical climatology
  • land form geography
  • soil science
  • environmental economics
  • environmental geology

Recommended Focus Courses

ANTHRO 103 - Digging Up the Past: Approaches to Archaeology (3 units; U)
Why and how extinct cultures are studied. Current archaeological approaches, reconstructing past environments, ethnographic analogy, experimental archaeology. Prereq: none.
ARCH 340 - Urban Design (3 units; U/G)
Survey of urban design, including the study of precedents, recent philosophy, design vocabulary, behavioral responses, and implementation strategies. Prereq: jr st; acceptance to Level 2 or arch studies minor & Arch 300(P); or grad st.
ATM SCI 100 - Survey of Meteorology (3 units; U)
Concepts and principles of meteorology; cyclones, fronts, thunderstorms, tornadoes, air pollution, and climate. Interpretation of weather maps, charts, and forecasts. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab-dis. Counts as repeat of 3 cr Atm Sci 100 taken for 4 cr. Prereq: none.
ATM SCI 240 - Introduction to Meteorology (3 units; U)
Quantitative approach to understanding fundamental concepts in meteorology. Radiation, heat balance of the atmosphere, thermodynamics, horizontal motion, general circulation, atmospheric observations, clouds, weather map analysis. Not open for cr to students with Atm Sci 201. Prereq: Physics 209(P) & 214(P); Math 232(C).
CIV ENG 492 - Environmental Impact Assessment (3 units; U/G)
Study and evaluation of the impacts of large scale projects on the quality of the environment with emphasis on the assessment of physical and community impacts. Impact statement preparation. Prereq: sr st.
ECON 328 - Environmental Economics (3 units; U)
Evaluating public policy of environmental and natural resources. Regulation of pollution, endangered species, natural resources, and other case studies. Prereq: Econ 103(P).
GEOG 215 - Introduction to Geographic Information Science (3 units; U)
Geographic objects, their representation and analysis. Topics include special nature of spatial data; concepts of space, mapping, spatial relationships; and use of geographic information systems. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. Prereq: none.
GEOG 247 - Quantitative Analysis in Geography (3 units; U)
Application of quantitative measures to geographic problems. Topics include descriptive statistics, statistical inference, and bivariate relationships. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. Prereq: Math 105(P).
GEOG 304 - Human Impact on the Environment (3 units; U)
Geographical and temporal distribution of human effects on land and resources; historical background of human concern for deleterious effects of impacts on environments. Prereq: jr st; intro course in Geog or a life sci recom.
GEOG 306 - Natural Hazards (3 units; U)
An introduction to processes and conditions responsible for natural hazards, reasons for geographic patterns of hazards' occurrence, and modes of adjustment to natural hazards. Prereq: jr st; a physical geog course recom.
GEOG 310 - General Climatology (3 units; U)
Global patterns of climate and the processes that shape them. Climatic elements, upper-atmospheric waves, internet data, Midwest climate, climate classification, and climate change. Prereq: jr st; Geog 120(R), Atm Sci 100(R), or Atm Sci 240(R).
GEOG 340 - Biogeography (3 units; U)
An introduction to the geography of the biosphere, the earth's surface, and the plants and animals which live there. Prereq: jr st; a physical geog or a biology course recom.
GEOG 350 - Conservation of Natural Resources (3 units; U)
Analysis of environmental ethics; the positive and negative consequences of resource development with emphasis on strategies designed to resolve environmental conflicts. Prereq: jr st or a geog course.
GEOG 403 - Remote Sensing: Environmental and Land Use Analysis (4 units; U)
Use of aerial photographs and digital imagery in environmental and land use analysis, including urban areas. 3 hrs lec; 2 hrs lab. PC/Windows familiarity recom. Prereq: jr st & Geog 215(P).
GEOG 405 - Cartography (4 units; U)
Thematic cartography; map communication, design principles, illustration and mapping software. 3 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. Prereq: jr st & Geog 215(P).
GEOG 411 - Physical Climatology (3 units; U/G)
Analyzing climatic processes at the microclimate scale. Budgets of radiation, energy, water, and momentum at the earth's surface, sensible-latent heat, and soil-plant-atmosphere interactions. Prereq: jr st, Geog 120(P) or Atm Sci 100(P) or 240(P), & Geog 310(R); or grad st.
GEOG 415 - Hydrogeography (3 units; U/G)
Role of water in geographic systems. Interaction of water with physical and human systems, key hydrological processes, spatial and temporal variations of water, data collection, modeling. Prereq: jr st, Geog 120(P) or 125(P), & Geog 215(P); or grad st.
GEOG 420 - Methods and Principles in Land Form Geography (3 units; U/G)
Geographic qualitative and quantitative methods in land form analysis and principles of landscape evolution. Prereq: jr st & Geog 120(P) or 121(P) or Geo Sci 100(P).
GEOG 424 - Karst Geomorphology (3 units; U/G)
Description and analysis of karst (limestone) processes and landforms. Prereq: jr st; Geog 004(P), 120(P) or cons instr.
GEOG 450 - Climates of the Past and Climate Change (3 units; U/G)
Climatic history of the earth and climate models. Milankovitch theory, quaternary climates, temporal-spatial scales of change, general circulation, and earth system models. Prereq: jr st, Geog 120(P) or Atm Sci 100(P) or 240(P), & Geog 310(R); or grad st.
GEOG 455 - Applied Climatology (3 units; U/G)
Applications of climate processes and data. Solar energy, wind energy, food production, water usage, building design, urban environments, ecological assessment, and land form development. Prereq: jr st, Geog 120(P) or Atm Sci 100(P) or 240(P), & Geog 310(R); or grad st.
GEOG 464 - Environmental Problems (3 units; U/G)
General discussion and case studies of geographical contexts and historical roots of modern environmental problems. History of human concern over adverse environmental impacts. Prereq: jr st & an intro course in a life science or environmental science.
GEOG 475 - Geography of Soils (3 units; U/G)
Systematic and regional study of soils, interrelationships of soils with the physical and cultural landscape. 2 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. Prereq: jr st; Geog 120(P), 121(P), or 125(P) or equiv.
GEOG 515 - Watershed Analysis and Modeling (3 units; U)
Theories and applications of analytical and modeling techniques for watershed processes, including geographic information systems (GIS), statistics, and computer simulations. Prereq: jr st; working knowledge of GIS; Geog 415(R) or Geo Sci 463(R) or 562(R).
GEOG 520 - Physical Geography of the City (3 units; U/G)
Spatial aspects and interactions of plants, animals, climate, soils, and water resources relevant to human activities in the urban environment. Prereq: jr st & Geog 120(P) or 125(P); or grad st.
GEOG 525 - Geographic Information Science (4 units; U)
Geographic and information theoretical foundations of geographic information science (GIS). Use of macro languages in a software project to expand GIS functionality. 3 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. Prereq: jr st, & Geog 215(P).
GEOG 547 - Spatial Analysis (4 units; U)
Advanced analysis techniques, including multivariate relationships and spatial modeling. Prereq: jr st; Geog 247(P) or dept-approved equiv.
GEOG 564 - Urban Environmental Change and Social Justice (3 units; U/G)
Spatial aspects of contributors to urban environmental change affecting social justice. Inequitable distribution of environmental risks and benefits; challenge of developing policies. Prereq: jr st.
GEOG 625 - Intermediate Geographic Information Science (4 units; U)
Concepts and techniques of geographic information science (GIS), with emphasis on GIS-based spatial analysis, associated applications, and technology. 3 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab. Prereq: jr st: Geog 525(P) or UrbPlan 591(P) or 791(P); or cons instr.
GEO SCI 301 - Principles of Mineralogy (3 units; U)
Major rock-forming minerals, their associations, geologic occurrence, and importance with an emphasis on identification using physical properties and other techniques. 2 hrs lec, 3 hrs lab. Prereq: Geo Sci 100(P); course in college chem.
GEO SCI 409 - Process Geomorphology (3 units; U/G)
Study of geological processes and their effect on the formation and evolution of land forms. Lec, lab, field trips for which fee is assessed. Prereq: jr st; Geo Sci 100(P), Geog 120(P), or 121(P).
GEO SCI 443 - Glacial and Pleistocene Geology (3 units; U/G)
Mechanics of glacial flow, Pleistocene stratigraphy, and laboratory techniques. Lec, lab, & field trips for which fees are assessed. Prereq: jr st; Geo Sci 100(P) or 101(P) or Geog 120(P) or 121(P). Geo Sci 102(R) or 108(R).
GEO SCI 463 - Physical Hydrogeology (3 units; U/G)
Study of ground water occurrence, its interrelationship with surface water, aquifer properties, groundwater flow and water supply development, including well hydraulics, water quality, and groundwater law. Lec, lab, & field trip for which fee is assessed. Prereq: jr st; Geo Sci 100(P) or 101(P); Math 232(P).
GEO SCI 464 - Chemical Hydrogeology (3 units; U/G)
Natural chemical processes that occur in groundwater systems, how they are modified by human activity and contamination, and attempts to regulate them. Lec, lab. Frshwtr 464 & Geo Sci 464 are jointly-offered; they count as repeats of one another. Prereq: jr st; Chem 102(P).
GEO SCI 562 - Environmental Surface Hydrology (3 units; U/G)
Land-atmosphere interactions, modeling of runoff generation, and water movement in the vadose zone. 3 hrs lec. Prereq: jr st; Math 232(P); or cons instr.
GEO SCI 563 - Field Methods in Hydrogeology (3 units; U/G)
Introduction to current equipment and methodology used in field evaluation of hydrologic systems. Well installation and monitoring, stream gaging, indirect surface observations. Lab, field trip for which fee is assessed. Prereq: jr st; Geo Sci 463(P).
GEO SCI 697 - Seminar in the Geological Sciences: (1-3 units; U/G)
Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course offered. May be retaken w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: jr st.
JAMS 503 - Environment and the Media (3 units; U)
Analysis of environmental reporting in a variety of media; confluence of science, health, business, and political influences in environmental coverage. Counts as a repeat of JAMS 660 with similar title. Prereq: jr st
PH 375 - Topics in Public Health for Undergrads: (3 units; U)
Topics of current interest in Public Health for undergrads. May be retaken w/chg in topic. Prereq: none.
SOCIOL 450 - Environmental Sociology (3 units; U)
Sociological analysis of the interaction between humans, their artifacts, and the natural environment. Prereq: jr st & Sociol 101(P).