The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee prohibits sexual assault, sexual harassment, and other sex offenses (forcible and non-forcible) on University property or in conjunction with University activities. Wisconsin statutes define these offenses, which are described in this section for informational purposes only.
As defined in s. 111.32 (13) and by S-47 UWM’s Discriminatory Conduct Policy (Including Sexual Harassment), is a form of sex discrimination which includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other written, graphic, verbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature which unreasonably interferes with an individual’s work or educational performance or which creates a working or learning environment that is intimidating, hostile, or offensive. Sexual harassment is also a criminal offense. In as much as UWM is committed to fostering the development of learning and work environments characterized by professional and ethical behavior, it discourages consensual amorous and/or sexual relationships where there is a power differential (power is unequal), such as between instructor and student, TA and student or employee and supervisor. Harassment between equals is also possible.
UWM’s penalties for sexual harassment may include any of the following: letters of warning, oral or written reprimand, job reassignment, suspension up to and/or including termination. Contact the UWM Office of Equity/Diversity Services at 414-229-5923 for information, to learn more about sexual harassment policy and law or to file a complaint. The UWM Women’s Resource Center (414-229-2852, Union WG93) is available to provide information and support for UWM campus members experiencing harassment.
Sexual assault is a criminal offense. Incidents of sexual assault which occur on campus should be reported to the University Police (Sandburg WB90, 414-229-4627) AND the Dean of Students Office (414-229-4632). If a student wishes assistance in making a report to the University Police or finding out about campus resources, the student should contact the Dean of Students Office or the Norris Health Center (414-229-4716). University Police will notify police in other jurisdictions when appropriate.
Sexual assault is described in State Statute 940.225 and 48.02, as ANY sexual contact or sexual intercourse with a person without the consent of that person. Consent is defined as words or overt actions by a competent person indicating freely given agreement to the sexual contact or intercourse.
Consent is not recognized (legally valid) if given by someone who is under the influence of an intoxicant (including alcohol) such that they are incapable of giving consent; someone who is less than 16 years of age; someone who is unconscious or unable to communicate; or someone suffering from mental illness or defect.
Acquaintance rape and date rape (also referred to as non-stranger rape) are the most common forms of sexual assault. National research on campus sexual assault estimates that between 80-90% of survivors knew their assailant.
Confidential help is available on and off campus. Free walk-in personal support, counseling, and advocacy services are provided at the UWM Women’s Resource Center, located on the ground floor of the Union in room WG93. Free mental health counseling and free or low cost medical services (i.e. emergency contraception, pregnancy testing, STD & HIV testing) are available to students at the UWM Norris Health Center.
* For immediate help after an assault (available 24/7), you can call the police at 911 (9-911 from an on-campus phone) and/or the Sexual Assault Treatment Center of Greater Milwaukee, 414-219-5555.
Sexual assault is a criminal offense and the police are primarily responsible for law enforcement and investigation of criminal complaints. The UWM Dean of Students Office (414-229-4632), is responsible for enforcement and investigation of complaints of sexual misconduct involving students. If on campus disciplinary action is taken, both the accuser and the accused are entitled to have others present during a disciplinary proceeding. Both shall be informed of the outcome of that proceeding. The sanctions or disciplinary actions for sexual assault depend on the details of the crime. The UWM Dean of Students Office, by law, maintains anonymous records of sexual assaults experienced by students and must be notified by anyone who is a UWM employee and learns of such an incident.
For support and information about options for action, contact:
414-229-2852……….. UWM Women’s Resource Center (confidential help available)
414-229-4627……….. UWM University Police Department
414-229-4716……….. UWM Norris Health Center (confidential help available)
414-229-4632……….. UWM Dean of Students Office
414-229-6589……….. UWM University Housing Administrative Offices
414-229-4116……….. UWM LGBT Resource Center
414-229-5923……….. UWM Equity and Diversity Services
414-219-5555……….. Sexual Assault Treatment Center of Greater Milwaukee (SATC), 24-hour confidential help and information line; specially trained staff for counseling advocacy and/or evidence collection
414-671-7325………..The Healing Center, support and advocacy for survivors
If you have been sexually assaulted, as soon as you can, get to a safe place and seek caring assistance. What happened is not your fault. Prompt medical attention is recommended to help assure your health and well being. If seen within 4-5 days of an assault, Sexual Assault Treatment Center (SATC) professionals can provide sensitive, specialized services including medical and legal evidence collection. You can go directly to the SATC anytime, day or night and are under no obligation to notify authorities, file a police report, or agree to evidence collection. For more information about what to expect from a post-assault exam or the evidence collection process, call SATC at 414-219-5555.
REDUCING THE RISK OF SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIMIZATION
Sexual assault is a crime, and the ONLY person responsible for sexual assault is the perpetrator of unwanted sexual contact. A victim is NEVER responsible for what has been done to them without their consent. The following tips are tools for empowerment. They do not guarantee absolute protection from victimization, but they can reduce the risk of sexual assault.
- Communicate clearly and expect that your wishes be honored.
- Trust your instincts about possible danger. If someone or something makes you uneasy, fight back, get out or get away if possible. Sometimes it’s safer not to fight or run away. Trust your feelings.
- Drinking & other drug use can make it harder to get out of a dangerous situation and can put someone at greater risk for victimization. Victims who are under the influence of drugs/alcohol at the time of an assault are NOT responsible for a perpetrator’s actions.
- Be careful about drinking anything that has been out of your sight. Drugs are sometimes slipped into drinks to “knock out” a person in order to assault them.
- Be wary of anyone that acts jealous or possessive, displays anger or aggression, ignores your wishes, ignores your personal space boundaries, attempts to make you feel guilty or gets hostile when you say “no.”
- Be aware of your surroundings. Think twice about getting a ride from or being alone with someone you don’t know well.
- Go out with a group or double date. Whenever possible walk with a group of people.
- Don’t open your door to strangers. Don’t allow strangers inside your house or room.
- Yell for assistance and to attract attention. Yelling words like “Fire” have greater potential for drawing a crowd than using words like “Help” or “Rape.”
- Carry emergency money and/or your phone to call parents, friends, police, B.O.S.S. or a taxi. Make the effort to help friends and acquaintances, and yourself get home safely.
REDUCING THE RISK OF BECOMING A PERPETRATOR OF SEXUAL ASSAULT
Sexual assault is an act of violence and hostility. The majority of perpetrators of sexual assault know their victim(s) and do not use weapons. The majority of sexual assaults involve pre-meditation and perpetrators taking measures to increase victim vulnerability (often via isolation and/or the use of alcohol/ drugs). To reduce the risk of becoming a perpetrator of sexual assault:
- Communicate clearly. Ask permission before touching or becoming sexual with someone. Silence does not mean consent. If the person you are with seems uncomfortable or not as “into it,” the best thing to do is ask if what you are doing is okay.
- Take “no” for an answer no matter how it is said or indicated nonverbally, such as pushing the hand away.
- If your focus on a date or at a party is to have sex, you are at high risk to assault.
- Stay away from parties that have heavy alcohol/drug use. Alcohol/drugs are no excuse for sexual aggression or doing things you believe you would not otherwise do.
- Never be sexual with a person who is passed out or too “high” to know what they are doing.
- Know the sexual assault laws in your state.
- Confront friends who express sexist attitudes, display disrespect or aggression towards others, or you suspect may have intentions of sexually assaulting (i.e. getting someone drunk/high for the purpose of sexually assaulting).
CONSENSUAL RELATIONSHIPS POLICY
Professional risks are associated with consensual romantic and/or sexual relationships where a definite power differential between the parties exists. These relationships are of concern for two primary reasons:
A. Conflict of Interest
Conflicts of interest may arise in connection with consensual romantic and/or sexual relationships between faculty or other staff and students. University policy and more general ethical principles preclude individuals from evaluating the work or academic performance of others with whom they have intimate familial relationships, or from making hiring, salary, or similar financial decisions concerning such persons. The same principles apply to consensual romantic and/or sexual relationships, and require, at a minimum, that appropriate arrangements be made for objective decision-making with regard to the student.
B. Abuse of Power Differential
In a consensual romantic and/or sexual relationship involving a power differential, the potential for serious consequences remains. Individuals entering into such relationships must recognize that:
- The reasons for entering such a relationship may be a function of the power differential;
- Where power differentials exist, even in a seemingly consensual relationship, there are limited after-the-fact defenses against charges of sexual harassment; and,
- The individual with the power in the relationship will bear the burden of accountability. For more information, contact the Office of Equity/ Diversity Services at 414-229-5923.
Inasmuch as UWM is committed to fostering the development of a professionally ethical environment free of discriminatory attitudes, consenting amorous or sexual relationships between instructor and student are unacceptable.