Protective Relaying C: Introduction to the Cost of Power at Customer Meter Bases

Learn what to consider when deriving the price of power at your customers’ meters. Discuss the many variables you’ll need to keep in mind as a designer, technician, project manager, engineer, analyst or other professional calculating these costs.


Anthony Sleva, P.E.

Anthony Sleva, P.E.

Mr. Sleva is President of Sleva Associates, an electrical consulting and training company founded in 1995. He is a registered Professional Engineer with a BSEE degree from Pennsylvania State University. During his career, he has designed electrical systems for nuclear ... read more

Benefits and Learning Outcomes

  • Discuss customer types: residential, commercial and industrial
  • Identify load and operational considerations
  • Get financing insights to ensure a greater return on investment

Course Outline/Topics

Customer Type

  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Industrial

Load Considerations

  • Customer Voltage
  • Customer Load Demand
  • Customer Load Factor
  • Customer Power Factor

Operational Considerations

  • Two Line Supply
  • Interruptible Service
  • Customer Generation

Return on Investment

  • Capital Investment


  • Stocks / Dividends
  • Bonds / Interest
  • Retained Earnings
  • Depreciation
  • Taxes


  • Purchased Power
  • Losses
  • Operations
  • Maintenance
  • Labor, Overheads and Other Expenses