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Brooke A. Slavens, PhD

Associate Professor, PhD Health Sciences Director

Education

NIDRR ARRT Postdoctoral Training Pediatric Mobility Marquette University 2010
Ph D Biomedical Engineering Marquette University 2007
MS Biomedical Engineering Marquette University 2004
BS Biomedical Engineering University of Iowa 2001

Speaker Topics

  • Motion Analysis
  • Rehabilitation Engineering
  • Orthopaedic Biomechanics
  • Biomedical Engineering

Interests & Expertise

Brooke Slavens’ research interests include upper extremity motion analysis, inverse dynamics modeling, rehabilitation engineering and orthopaedic biomechanics. She is currently investigating upper extremity dynamics during crutch, walker and wheelchair mobility in children and adults with orthopaedic disabilities.

New interests in human motion analysis have directed research to the area of upper extremity. To quantify the upper extremity, the Movement Analysis for Biomedical Innovation & Technology (Mobility) Lab has developed a validated 3D inverse dynamics model for assessment of pediatric mobility. The model can be used to characterize shoulder, elbow and wrist joint forces and moments. It is being applied to subjects with myelomeningocele, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury and osteogenesis imperfecta to characterize crutch, walker and wheelchair mobility to better understand joint load demands. Due to long-term assistive device usage, these mobility device users may be at an increased risk for developing upper extremity pain or pathologies.

Further research interests include musculoskeletal and finite element modeling to investigate the tissue level effects of long-term joint loading from assistive device usage. Research may improve clinical intervention strategies, therapeutic gait planning and offer insight to long-term joint loading effects.

Selected Publications

Rammer, J., Krzak, J., Slavens, B. A., Winters, J., Riedel, S., & Harris, G. F. (In Press). Importance of Considering Propulsion Pattern in Therapeutic Outcomes for Pediatric Manual Wheelchair Users. Pediatric Physical Therapy.
Rammer, J., Slavens, B. A., Krzak, J., Winters, J., Riedel, S., & Harris, G. F. (In Press). Assessment of a Markerless Motion Analysis System for Pediatric Manual Wheelchair Application. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.
Rammer, J., Slavens, B. A., Krzak, J., Winters, J., Riedel, S., & Harris, G. F. (In Press). Application of OpenSim for Visual Biofeedback Propulsion Training in Pediatric Manual Wheelchair Users. Journal of Biomechanics.
Silver-Thorn, M. B., Kempfer, J., Schnorenberg, A. J., & Slavens, B. A. (2018, January (1st Quarter/Winter)). Use of a Dynamic Balance System to Quantify Postural Steadiness and Stability of Individuals with Lower-Limb Amputation. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, 30(1), 31-38.
Almonroeder, T. G., Kernozek, T., Cobb, S., Slavens, B. A., Wang, J., & Huddleston, W. (2018, January (1st Quarter/Winter)). Cognitive Demands Influence Lower Extremity Mechanics During a Drop Vertical Jump Task in Female Athletes. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 1-22.
Schlidt, K., Slavens, B. A., Schnorenberg, A., Vogel, L., & Gerald, H. (2017, December). Longitudinal Evaluation of Variability of Stroke Patterns and Shoulder Forces in Pediatric SCI Wheelchair Users. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 98(12), e177-e178.
Almonroeder, T. G., Kernozek, T., Cobb, S., Slavens, B. A., Wang, J., & Huddleston, W. (2017, November). Divided attention during cutting influences lower extremity mechanics in female athletes. Sports Biomechanics, 1-13.
Xiao, C., Jahanian, O., Slavens, B. A., & Hsiao-Wecksler, E. (2017, August). Biomechanical Evaluation of Pneumatic Sleeve Orthosis for Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait. Proceedings of the American Society of Biomechanics.
Jahanian, O., Rowley, T., Strath, S. J., Silver-Thorn, M., & Slavens, B. A. (2017, August). Impact of Geared Wheels on Energy Expenditure during Manual Wheelchair Mobility. Proceedings of the American Society of Biomechanics.
Jahanian, O., Xiao, C., Farooq, D., Hsiao-Wecksler, E., & Slavens, B. A. (2017, May). Evaluation of Passive and Active Orthoses for Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait. Health Research Symposium.
Fritz, J. M., Inawat, R. R., Slavens, B. A., McGuire, J. R., Ziegler, D. W., Tarima, S. S., Grindel, S. I., & Harris, G. F. (2017, May). Assessment of Kinematics and Electromyography Following Arthroscopic Single-Tendon Rotator Cuff Repair. PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation, 9(5), 464-476.
Schlidt, K. C., Slavens, B. A., Schnorenberg, A. J., Vogel, L. C., & Harris, G. F. (2017, October (4th Quarter/Autumn)). Longitudinal Evaluation of Variability of Stroke Patterns and Shoulder Forces in Pediatric SCI Wheelchair Users.
Liang, C. X., Jahanian, O., Schnorenberg, A. J., Slavens, B. A., & Hsiao-Wecksler, E. (2017, April (2nd Quarter/Spring)). Design and Biomechanical Evaluation Methodology of Pneumatic Ergonomic Crutch. 2017 Design of Medical Devices Conference.
Farooq, D., Jahanian, O., Slavens, B. A., & Hsiao-Wecksler, E. T. (2016, August). Evaluation of a wrist orthosis on Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait. 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 5042-5045.
Fiedler, G., Slavens, B. A., O’Connor, K. M., Smith, R. O., & Hafner, B. J. (2016, February). Effects of physical exertion on trans-tibial prosthesis users’ ability to accommodate alignment perturbations. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 40(1), 75-82.

Recent Funded Grants

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II.  IntelliWheels: The Automatic Transmission for Manually Propelled Wheelchairs.    8/1/2014-7/31/2016.

UWM CHS Stimulus Program to Accelerate Research Clusters (SPARC).  Development of a Clinical Toolkit for Real-time Visualization of Lower Limb Amputee Gait.  7/2014-12/2015.

National Science Foundation (NSF) Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power (CCEFP).  Soft Pneumatic Actuator for Arm Orthosis. UWM sub-award total funding 6/1/2014-5/31/2016.

Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Technologies for Children with Orthopaedic Disabilities, R4: Advanced Mobility Modeling to Improve Function and Longer Term Transitional Care of Children with Orthopedic Disabilities, Award Number H133E100007, 10/2010-9/2015.

Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Engineering Career Development Program (IREK12) in Movement and Rehabilitation Sciences. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute Of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Award Number K12HD073945, 5/2013-5/2015

Honors & Awards

Nominated for the UWM Office of Research/UWM Foundation Research Award (2015, March) .
Travel Award for the Advanced User’s Group Meeting. Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA (2014, August) NIH National Center for Simulation in Rehabilitation Research (NCSRR).
Nominated for the UWM Office of Research/UWM Foundation Research Award (2014, March) .
Best Video Presentation (2013, August) OpenSim Advanced User’s Workshop.
NCSRR Travel Award (2013, August) NIH National Center for Simulation in Rehabilitation Research (NCSRR).
Best of Howard H. Steel Paper (2013, May 6) American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA).
Training In Grantsmanship for Rehabilitation Research (TIGRR) Workshop (2013, January 15) TIGRR.
Marquis Who’s Who in America (2012) .
Training In Grantsmanship for Rehabilitation Research (TIGRR) Participant (2012, November 5) National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Young Investigator’s Initiative Grant Writing Workshop Participant (2012, November 2) United States Bone and Joint Decade (USBJD).
Dean’s Research Award (2012, May 11) College of Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Graduate Student Research Fellow (2011, April) UWM.
Young Investigator’s Initiative Grant Writing Workshop Participant (2009, November 6) United States Bone and Joint Decade (USBJD).
Best Professional Paper Award (2009, April 18) Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium (RMBS).
Enhancing Rehabilitation Research in the South (ERRIS) Intensive Workshop on Grant Writing, Preparation, and Submission in Rehabilitation Research (2009, January 13) University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA with funding from the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR).

Research Partners

Professional Memberships

  • American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)-Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS)
  • Gait and Clinical Motion Analysis Society (GCMAS)
  • Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (RESNA)

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