Public Health






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Public Health, M.P.H.

Rolling Admissions
Public Health, M.P.H.

Public Health, Ph.D.

Fall Semester
Community and Behavioral Health Promotion 01/05
School/College: Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health

Department Links: Degrees Conferred: Related Certificate

Overview

The Zilber School of Public Health offers a Master of Public Health (MPH), a Ph.D. in Public Health with a Concentration in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion, and a Ph.D. in Environmental Health Sciences.

Master of Public Health

The Zilber School of Public Health (SPH) offers a Master of Public Health (MPH), a professional master’s degree program with five distinct tracks of study. The MPH program provides students with a broad understanding of public health practice and allows specialization in Biostatistics, Community and Behavioral Health Promotion, Environmental Health Sciences, Epidemiology, or Public Health Policy and Administration.

Like most MPH programs, the Zilber SPH’s program imparts knowledge and skills in each of these core disciplines in public health, helping prepare all students to analyze information and consider solutions to public health problems using a social justice lens at the community, institutional, and societal levels. Courses have been designed to teach program- and track-level competencies as defined by Zilber SPH faculty. Program-level competencies reflect key public health skills including systems thinking, ethics, analytical methods, communications/informatics, diversity/culture, leadership, and professionalism. In addition, students engage in a specific track of study, gaining deeper competency in one of the five areas. Upon graduation students are prepared for positions in a range of population health settings and/or for doctoral-level study.

Biostatistics

The Biostatistics track builds on the classic Public Health Biostatistics skill and knowledge base and takes advantage of special knowledge of its faculty in the areas of genetics, bioinformatics, network analysis, causal inference, and big data science. Students have the opportunity to learn and apply statistical genetics in the context of complex disease study, high throughout computing used in “big” data science, applications in evidence-based patient-centered outcome studies, and population-based epidemiological studies. Courses include topics and material such as interpretation of personalized and evidence-based medicine in the context of public health; basic understanding of genetics and epigenetics; general “omic” approaches and concepts; as well as classic Biostatistics topics such as Survival and Categorical data analysis.

Community and Behavioral Health Promotion

The Community and Behavioral Health Promotion (CBHP) track focuses on promoting the health of communities through innovative approaches to community engagement and collaborative practice. Coursework addresses theories and frameworks in social and behavioral science, evidence-based methods for program planning (including assessment) and implementation, and program evaluation. Students apply a social justice and equity-centered approach to public health training and practice. Methodological approaches address quantitative, qualitative, and community-engaged techniques.

Environmental Health Sciences

The Environmental Health Sciences track offers students an opportunity to specialize in environmental threats to the public’s health, while simultaneously obtaining a strong scientific background that connects environmental sources, distributions, exposures, and biological mechanisms to ultimate health impacts. Students benefit from faculty expertise in environmental and developmental toxicology, environmental epidemiology, and the use of animal models to research public health issues. Didactic coursework includes introduction to the core disciplines of public health, specialization in areas such as environmental epidemiology and risk assessment, along with student-selected opportunities to deepen knowledge in the areas of the biological, chemical, and built environment. A Field Experience with a public health agency or another environmental health-based community partner and Capstone incorporate environmental health theories with crosscutting public health competencies like communication, public health biology, systems-thinking, and leadership.

Epidemiology

The Epidemiology track is unique in its emphasis on integrating epidemiologic theory and methods with essential interdisciplinary tools for analyzing socio structural processes that influence health and advancing health equity. Our comprehensive and multidisciplinary curriculum facilitates learners’ analysis of interrelationships among theory, research, and practice, as well as among historical and contemporary structures of inequality. Students are thereby prepared to engage in rigorous, collaborative, evidence-informed, and reflexive public health praxis. Through both didactic and experiential learning, students apply social justice, epidemiologic, and critical social theories to research and practice while developing skills in reframing public health issues, applied epidemiological methods, epidemiologic data analysis, social epidemiology, and building community partnerships. Graduates are able to collect, analyze, and interpret epidemiological data from health equity perspectives, generate theory-driven research questions, and work in collaboration with diverse community partners to promote systems-level social change for eliminating health inequities.

Public Health Policy and Administration

The Public Health Policy and Administration (PHPA) track is unique in its focus on equipping students with an inter-sectoral, systems-level, applied approach to informing public health policy and administration that promotes health equity. Emphasizing a comprehensive perspective and integrated strategy that links theory with practice, the PHPA curriculum provides students with a foundational understanding of social and policy theory, quantitative and qualitative methods, and policymaking and its broader context. Graduates obtain a breadth of knowledge and skills applicable to a variety of fields in the public and private sectors as well as the ability to effectively apply their knowledge and tools to practice.

Doctoral of Philosophy in Public Health

Students will choose between two concentrations in the Ph.D. in Public Health offered by UW-Milwaukee’s Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health. The two concentrations share a common core of four courses for a total of 12 credits toward the required coursework. Students in the concentration in Biostatistics will select an elective to replace the introductory biostatistics course, as they will likely enter the program having already completed that level. The following sections describe each concentration in more detail.

Concentration in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion (CBHP)

The Community and Behavioral Health Promotion (CBHP) doctoral program is designed to train students in social and behavioral science aspects of public health research and intervention with a particular emphasis on the development of community-level interventions. Faculty interest areas include: maternal, infant, and child health; health disparities; obesity; nutrition; food security; HIV and STD prevention; adolescent health; violence prevention; substance abuse prevention; creating healthy environments; and promoting mental health.

Students entering the program will be trained at the graduate level in health promotion from a public health perspective. Students will also have exposure to other key areas of public health (environmental health, epidemiology, biostatistics, and policy and administration), which will allow them to be integrated into the broader public health profession upon graduation. The Ph.D. in Public Health with a concentration in CBHP requires 72 course credits beyond the Bachelor’s degree. Coursework includes core courses as outlined below, research and methods courses, electives, and credits taken as pre-dissertation research supporting CBHP faculty research. In addition, students will prepare for public health leadership through their own original research.

Student research in community and behavioral health promotion may focus on the social and behavioral determinants of disease and injury, the interaction of social and behavioral factors with other disease susceptibility or health promoting factors, or on interventions that seek to improve health through social and behavioral strategies within a community.

This program aligns with UWM’s mission to further academic opportunities at all levels for women, minority, part-time students, and financially or educationally disadvantaged students. In addition, the program consistently strives for diversity within its faculty ranks to achieve the University’s goal for cultural competency in teaching and learning.

Upon graduation, a student completing the requirements for the Ph.D. in Public Health with a concentration in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion will be able to:
  1. Identify individual, organizational, community, and societal influences on health, health behaviors, disease, injury, illness, and disability
  2. Develop, implement, and evaluate behavioral and structural interventions to prevent disease and injury, alleviate illness and disability, improve the quality of life, and reduce health disparities
  3. Conduct and disseminate rigorous and innovative social and behavioral science research of relevance to public health
  4. Serve as an expert social and behavioral scientist on a collaborative team of public health investigators
  5. Appreciate the history and philosophy of public health, health behavior, health education, and health communication as well as understand similarities and differences of these disciplines from other social science disciplines

Concentration in Biostatistics

The Biostatistics doctoral program is designed to train students in the development of techniques, methods and tools to conduct public health research using rigorous statistical, bioinformatics and general quantitative methods. Faculty interest areas include: bioinformatics, statistical genetics, network analysis, causal inference, biostatistical methods, and high throughput computing.

Students entering the program will be trained at the graduate level in the analysis of data from genetics and genomics, electronic medical records, and population-based epidemiological studies. Such research will include approaches requiring large populations, large data sets, and as needed, the collection, processing and analysis of data used in the pursuit of improving the public’s health. Graduates of this program will be able to participate and execute the study design, data collection, analysis and dissemination of results. Technical areas include database management, causal inference, network analysis, medical and population genetics, as well as tools and techniques for acquiring, processing, warehousing, and analyzing public health data. Other areas of expertise include data mining, computer-based decision support systems, statistical genetics, and computational biology. The Ph.D. in Public Health with a concentration in Biostatistics requires 69 course credits beyond the Bachelor’s degree. Coursework includes core courses as outlined below, methods courses, electives, and credits taken as doctoral research.

Upon graduation, a student completing the requirements for the Ph.D. in Public Health with a concentration in Biostatistics will be able to:
  1. Develop new statistical methodologies to solve problems in biomedical, clinical, public health, or other fields
  2. Contribute to the body of knowledge in the field of biostatistics by writing and successfully submitting manuscripts for publication in a peer-reviewed journal
  3. Perform all responsibilities of a statistician in collaborative research; in particular: design studies, manage and analyze data and interpret findings from a variety of biomedical, clinical or public health experimental and observational studies
  4. Communicate statistical information effectively with individuals with varying degrees of statistical knowledge through written and oral presentations
  5. Use statistical, bioinformatic and other computing software to organize, analyze, and visualize data
  6. Review and critique statistical methods and interpretation of results in published research studies, presentations, or reports
  7. Demonstrate solid theoretical knowledge necessary for the development and study of new statistical methods
  8. Understand and implement modern statistical approaches emerging in the literature to improve biomedical and public health

Graduate Faculty

(Professors’ home departments, programs, or schools appear in parentheses)

Professors
Carvan, Michael III Ph.D., Texas A&M University (School of Freshwater Sciences)
Cisler, Ron, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin Milwaukee (College of Health Sciences)
Etzel, Ruth, M.D., Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Florsheim, Paul, Ph.D., Northwestern University
McLellan, Sandra, Ph.D., University of Cincinnati Medical Center (School of Freshwater Sciences)
McRoy, Susan, Ph.D., University of Toronto (College of Engineering and Applied Science)
Schutz, Aaron, Ph.D., M.P.P., M.A., University of Michigan (School of Education)
Strath, Scott, Ph.D. University of Tennessee (College of Health Sciences)
Swartz, Ann, Ph.D., University of Tennessee (College of Health Sciences)
Tonellato, Peter, Ph.D., University of Arizona
Velie, Ellen, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
Weinhardt, Lance, Ph.D., Syracuse University

Associate Professors
Cho, Young, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Chicago
Do, D. Phuong (Phoenix), Ph.D., M.Phil, The RAND Graduate School
Harley, Amy, Ph.D., M.P.H., Ohio State University
Huang, Chiang-Ching Spencer, Ph.D., University of Michigan
Klos, Lori, Ph.D., Cornell University (College of Health Sciences)
Laiosa, Michael, Ph.D., State University of New York, Upstate Medical University
Malcoe, Lorraine Halinka, M.P.H., Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
Miller, Todd, Ph.D., University of Maryland
Ngui, Emmanuel, Dr.P.H., M.Sc, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Svoboda, Kurt, Ph.D., S.U.N.Y at Stony Brook
Yan, Alice, Ph.D., University of Maryland

Assistant Professors
Auer, Paul, Ph.D., Purdue University
Carnegie, Nicole Bohme, Ph.D., University of Washington
Hussein, Mustafa, Ph.D., The University of Tennessee
Kalkbrenner, Amy, Ph.D., M.P.H., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Laestadius, Linnea, Ph.D., M.P.P., Johns Hopkins University
Loyd, Jenna, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
Ma, Hongbo, Ph.D., University of Georgia
Meier, Helen, Ph.D., M.P.H., University of Michigan
Simanek, Amanda, Ph.D., University of Michigan
Walker, Renee, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., University of Pittsburgh
Wang, Yang, Ph.D., University of Nebraska
Zheng, Cheng, M.S, Ph.D., University of Washington

Non-Faculty

Adjunct Associate Professor
Swain, Geoffrey R. MD, MPH, Medical College of Wisconsin (University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine & Public Health)

Master of Public Health

Admission
An applicant must meet Graduate School requirements plus the following program requirements to be considered for admission to the program. These materials will be considered in a holistic admissions process with special attention to ensure a diverse student body.
  1. Three letters of recommendation from persons familiar with the applicant’s academic experience and potential for graduate work in public health.
  2. CV or resume.
  3. Score report from the General Test of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), taken within the last five years.
  4. The admissions committee may consider GMAT, LSAT, MCAT scores in place of GRE scores. Students requesting this or any other exception should apply in writing for consideration by the Applications Review Committee.
  5. Address the following two Short Essay questions, limiting responses to no more than 500 words (approximately 250 words per question):
    • Describe how your professional, volunteer, and educational background has led you to seek a degree in Public Health.
    • How will your desired track of study help you reach your personal and professional goals in Public Health?
  6. International applicants must also meet admission standards set and monitored by UWM’s Center for International Education.
An MPH Application Checklist is available on the program website to assist applicants in organizing the application, and this check list must be submitted, along with the CV or resume. Applicants must note their desired track of study on the check list.

Successful applicants to the Environmental Health Sciences track will have upper-level chemistry, biology, and mathematics through at least one semester of calculus.

Advisor
Each student will be assigned a track-specific Faculty Advisor during Orientation week preceding the first semester. Faculty Advisors assist the student in the development of an individual Plan of Study designed to advance the career goals of the student and consistent with track curricula. The Advisor plays an important role in connecting the Field Experience, Capstone, and career goals for each student.

UWM’s Zilber School recognizes the importance of a strong faculty advising program coupled with a sound system for monitoring student progress in all programs. A school wide student evaluation each semester assesses progress and ensures that students are on track for graduation. Feedback in December to students will be through faculty advisors, while students will receive a letter in May signed by the faculty advisor and program director confirming progress and noting any guidance for subsequent years, including plans and timetable for remediation when necessary.

Administrative offices of the Zilber School of Public Health have staff assigned on policies and procedures for admission, academic progression, and graduation. If deemed necessary, any student can petition to the Zilber SPH’s Office of Academic and Student Affairs for a reassignment of Faculty Advisor. Program track faculty will make every effort to accommodate requests to give all students opportunities for success in the program.

Credits and Courses

All students enrolled in the MPH program take a common set of core classes designed to give basic skills and knowledge of public health concepts. The core curriculum consists of at least 20 credit hours, including at least three credits Field Experience and a two-credit capstone seminar. In addition to the common core, students complete the required coursework in one of five specialization tracks: Biostatistics, Community and Behavioral Health Promotion, Environmental Health Sciences, Epidemiology, or Public Health Policy and Administration. The MPH degree varies from 42-44 credits depending on the track. Students must maintain a cumulative G.P.A. of 3.0 or better in order to progress through the program.

Unless noted, all courses are 3 credits.

MPH Required Common Core Courses (at least 20 credits)

PH 702 Introduction to Biostatistics
PH 703 Environmental Health Sciences
PH 704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology
PH 705 Principles of Public Health Policy and Administration
PH 706 Perspectives in Community and Behavioral Health
PH 790 Field Experience in Public Health (at least 3 credits)
PH 800 Capstone in Public Health (2 credits)

Transcript-Designated Concentrations

Biostatistics Concentration

(22 track credits for a total of 42 credits in this concentration)

Required Courses (13 credits)
PH 710 Seminar in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (1 credit)
PH 711 Intermediate Biostatistics
PH 712 Probability and Statistical Inference
PH 713 Analyzing Observational and Experimental Data
PH 718 Data Management and Visualization in R

“S”electives—Choose three (9 credits minimum)
PH 707 Introduction to Statistical Computing (1 credit)
PH 709 Public Health Informatics
PH 714 Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology
PH 715 Applied Categorical Data Analysis
PH 716 Applied Survival Analysis
PH 717 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis
PH 720 Special Topics in Biostatistics (1-3 credits)
PH 721 Introduction to Translational Bioinformatics
PH 722 Introduction to Bioinformatics in Biomedical and Public Health Sciences
PH 723 Clinical Trials

Community and Behavioral Health Promotion Concentration

(24 track credits for a total of 44 credits in this concentration)

Methods “S”electives—Choose two (6 credits minimum)
PH 729 Survey Research Methods in Public Health
PH 736 Advanced Qualitative Methods
PH 776 Qualitative Approaches in Public Health Policy and Administration
PH 831 Community Engagement and Participatory Research Approaches in Public Health

Electives—Choose one (3 credits minimum)
PH 719 Social Justice in Public Health
PH 740 Special Topics in Public Health
PH 752 Public Health and Mental Health
PH 999 Independent Study (1-3 credits)
Kin 732 Physical Activity and Health Across the Lifespan
Other classes as approved by advisor

Environmental Health Sciences Concentration

(23 track credits for a total of 43 credits in this concentration)

Required Courses (11 credits)
PH 701 Public Health Principles and Practice
PH 743 Environmental Risk Assessment
PH 750 Seminar in Environmental Health Sciences (1 credit x 2)
PH 762 Environmental Epidemiology

Built Environment “S” elective—Choose one
ARCH 790 Special Topics: LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance Assessment for Environmental, Economic, and Social Impact
Geog 520 Physical Geography of the City
Geog 880/UrbPlan 880 Challenges to Urban Sustainability
Geog 945 The Internal Structure of the City
IE 580 Ergonomics
UrbPlan 791 Intro to Urban GIS for Planning
Other classes as approved by advisor

Chemical Environment “S” elective—Choose one
PH 741 Environmental Health Microbiology
PH 744 Environmental Toxicology
PH 745 Developmental Toxicology
Other classes as approved by advisor

Biological Environment “S” elective—Choose one
PH 741 Environmental Health Microbiology
PH 745 Developmental Toxicology
PH 775 Mechanisms of Infectious Disease (2 credits)
Other classes as approved by advisor

Elective
Choose one additional course from the Built, Chemical, or Biological “S” electives listed above or other classes as approved by advisor.

Epidemiology Concentration

(24 track credits for a total of 44 credits in this concentration)

Required Courses (15 credits)
PH 700 Structures of Inequality and Population Health
PH 758 Social Epidemiology
PH 759 Applied Quantitative Methods for Studying Population Health and Health Disparities
PH 761 Epidemiology Field Methods
PH 763 Epidemiology in Action for Equity

Content “S”electives—Choose one (3 credits minimum)
PH 762 Environmental Epidemiology
PH 768 Cancer Epidemiology
PH 769 Nutritional Epidemiology
Other classes as approved by advisor

Electives—Choose two (6 credits minimum)
PH 713 Analyzing Observational and Experimental Data
PH 714 Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology
PH 715 Applied Categorical Data Analysis
PH 716 Applied Survival Analysis
PH 717 Applied Longitudinal Analysis
PH 727 Program Planning and Implementation in Public Health
PH 728 Program Evaluation in Public Health
PH 729 Survey Research Methods in Public Health or Soc 752 Fundamentals of Survey Methodology (not both)
PH 784 Social Policy as Health Policy
PH 868 Links between Infectious and Chronic Disease
Geog 525 Geographic Information Science (4 credits)
UrbPlan 692 Special Topics in Urban Planning: Data Analysis and Visualization
Other classes as approved by advisor

Public Health Policy and Administration Concentration

(24 track credits for a total of 44 credits in this concentration)

Required Courses (12 credits)
PH 700 Structures of Inequality and Population Health
PH 776 Qualitative Approaches in Public Health Policy and Administration
PH 777 Survey of Quantitative Research and Methods for Public Health Policy and Administration
PH 779 Public Health Policymaking and Policy Analysis

Fundamental Methods “S” Elective—Choose one
PH 728 Program Evaluation in Public Health
Econ 450 Health Economics
Pub Adm 630 Budgeting and Finance in the Public Sector

Administrative “S” Elective—Choose one
Bus Adm 755 Health Care Administration and Delivery Systems
BusMgmt 718 Concepts and Practice of Nonprofit Management
Ed Pol 601 Foundations of Community-Based Organizations
Pub Adm 763 Scope and Dynamics of Public Administration

Content Elective—Choose at least one (3 credits minimum)
PH 719 Social Justice in Public Health
PH 725 Theories and Models of Health Behavior
PH 774 Crime Policies and Public Health
PH 784 Social Policy as Health Policy
PH 786 The Science and Policy of Sustainable Diets
Bus Adm 757 Managed Care and Integrated Health Networks
BusMgmt 725 Governance and Executive Leadership of Nonprofit Organizations
Ed Pol 611 Community Policies and Urban Minority Youths
Ed Pol 630 Race and Public Policy in Urban America
Geog 564 Urban Environmental Change and Social Justice
Pol Sci 464 Sex, Gender, and the Law
Urb Std 965 Municipal Management
Other classes as approved by advisor

Methods Elective—Choose at least one (3 credits minimum)
PH 711 Intermediate Biostatistics
PH 726 Community Health Assessment
PH 728 Program Evaluation in Public Health
PH 736 Advanced Qualitative Method
BusMgmt 721 Fundraising and Development for Nonprofit Organizations
Civ Eng 492 Environmental Impact Assessment
Ed Pol 602 Proposal Writing and Fundraising Skills for Community-Based Organizations
Ed Pol 711 Community Organizing: Collective Action for Social Change
NonProf 791 Nonprofit Advocacy and Public Policy
Pub Adm 630 Budgeting and Finance in the Public Sector
Pub Adm 730 Budgeting for Public Sector Professionals
Pub Adm 769 Analyzing and Evaluating Public Policies and Programs
Sociol 752 Fundamentals of Survey Methodology
UrbPlan 791 Intro to Urban GIS for planning
Other classes as approved by advisor

Field Experience

PH 790 Field Experience in Public Health (Minimum of three credits total, Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory; may be taken for 1, 2, or 3 credits in a given semester)

The purpose of the Field Experience is to provide students with a practical public health experience that allows them to apply the knowledge and skills learned in the classroom to public health problems. Students work with their Faculty Advisor and school staff to identify a placement that matches the student’s public health interests and career goals. Students complete three credits (80 contact hours per one credit, 240 hours total) with the organization. Many students choose to complete their field experience working in a local health department or community-based organization with public health-related programs and services. The experience is a mentored placement engaging both a Faculty Advisor and a Site Preceptor.

The over-arching objectives of the practice experience are:
  • To demonstrate practical skills related to specified track competencies that are useful to public health professions and that are not available solely through academic instruction.
  • To explain the political, economic, environmental, and social contexts in which the public health activities for the particular project are conducted, integrating principles of social and environmental justice as they relate to the project.
  • To characterize key features of the organizational and/or community contexts that might or do have an impact on the public health activities necessary for the particular project.
  • To apply a minimum of 4 specified competencies learned in the MPH coursework in a public health practice setting. Two MPH Program competencies are REQUIRED:
    • Practice professionalism, demonstrated by integrity, respect, transparency, sound judgment, and constructive interactions with colleagues, community members, stakeholders and the public at large.
    • Communicate effectively about public health issues with diverse audiences using a variety of strategies and modalities.

Capstone
PH 800 Capstone in Public Health (2 credits), completed in the final year of study

The capstone requires students to integrate the knowledge and skills learned in the classroom, Field Experience, and/or lab into some aspect of professional public health practice. Students work with their Faculty Advisor to write a project proposal the semester prior to the capstone reflecting the student’s interests and career goals. Students then implement the project during their final semester of the program. The project has both a written paper and oral presentation component, in addition to attending a weekly seminar. The capstone project is an opportunity for students to demonstrate public health competencies.

Thesis
Not required. See capstone for similar culminating experience.

Comprehensive Examination
Not required. See capstone for similar culminating experience.

Time Limit
The student must complete all degree requirements within five years of initial enrollment.

Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health

Admission
There are differences in applicable baccalaureate programs for the two concentrations in the Ph.D. in Public Health. CBHP also describes four specific areas for evaluation of candidates. Other admission requirements are the same for both concentrations.

Applicants to the Ph.D. program in Public Health with a concentration in Biostatistics should have completed academic programs that facilitated development of solid analytical skills. Applicable baccalaureate programs include mathematics, statistics, computer science, and engineering. Baccalaureate degrees in related fields will be considered. A minimum undergraduate grade point average of 3.00 (A=4.00) is required. Applicants from diverse backgrounds are encouraged to apply. Each application will be evaluated individually primarily on the basis of academic achievement, although relevant work experience will also be considered.

Applicants to the Ph.D. program in Public Health with a concentration in CBHP should have completed academic programs that facilitated development of solid analytical and communication skills. Applicable baccalaureate programs include those in the social and behavioral sciences, health and health-related sciences, and biological sciences. Baccalaureate degrees in related fields will be considered. At least one statistics course is preferred for admission. A minimum undergraduate grade point average of 3.00 (A=4.00) is preferred. While a completed master’s degree in public health or the social and behavioral sciences is encouraged, a master’s degree is not a prerequisite for admission. For those applicants without a master’s degree in a relevant field, most successful candidates will have work, research and/or volunteer experiences that contribute to career development in community health and health promotion. Demonstrated communication and analytic skills are required. Applicants from diverse backgrounds with a strong interest in community health and health promotion are encouraged to apply. Each application will be evaluated individually on the basis of four key areas:
  1. Academic record/achievement.
  2. Work, research, and/or community experience.
  3. Commitment/interest/awareness of public health and community health promotion.
  4. Matching interest with current Community and Behavioral Promotion Health faculty.
Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores from the general test (verbal, quantitative, analytical writing) are required of all applicants. Submitted test scores must be from a test taken within 5 years of the date of application. While there is not a minimum GRE score requirement, strong quantitative, verbal and writing skills are critical to successfully completing the program.

Students must meet UWM Graduate School admission requirements. For international applicants whose native language is not English, the UW-Milwaukee Center for International Education Website provides English Language Proficiency Requirements including required TOEFL or IELTS scores. Students who attended an international university must also pay an additional fee for evaluation of international transcripts.

In addition, a personal statement, and at least three letters of recommendation from individuals familiar with the applicant’s scholarship, research achievements, and/or academic potential are required for the application. The letters of recommendation should address the candidate’s potential for achievement in a graduate program from an academic as well as personal (e.g., commitment, integrity, ethical) standpoint. At least one letter must be from a university faculty member.

A select group of the most qualified candidates will be invited to participate in an interview process. In-person or internet-facilitated interviews (Skype, etc.) will be required for finalist candidates prior to admission.

Applicants may be admitted with course deficiencies at the discretion of the ZSPH Graduate Program Committee. The student is expected to rectify these course deficiencies with a grade of B or better within three enrolled semesters. The academic program unit will monitor deficiencies. No course credits earned in making up deficiencies may be counted as program credits required for the degree. For students entering with an advanced degree, the Admissions Committee can grant credit for relevant coursework at its discretion, but at least half of the graduate credits required for the Ph.D. must be completed at UW-Milwaukee in doctoral status in accordance with Graduate School policy. Thesis, dissertation, and research credits must be completed at UW-Milwaukee.

Major Professor as Advisor
The student must have a major professor to advise and supervise the student’s studies as specified in Graduate School regulations. The entering student is assigned an advisor/major professor at admission based on fit and focus. The major professor serves as the student’s research mentor and will guide the student in course selection, program planning, and research design. Students may change their advisor/major professor if the fit and focus change over time. Such changes will need approval of the graduate program committee. The major professor must have graduate faculty status.

Reapplication
A student who receives the Master of Public Heath degree must formally reapply to the Zilber School of Public Health to gain admission to the Ph.D. program in Public Health before continuing studies toward the Ph.D.

Residence
The student must meet minimum Graduate School residence requirements.

Course of Study

The concentrations in Biostatistics and CBHP require the same core Ph.D. courses (12 credits). The credits and courses are described below for each concentration.

Concentration in Biostatistics

Minimum degree requirement is 60 graduate credits beyond the bachelor’s degree (plus an additional 9 credits dedicated toward dissertation writing and research), at least 35 of which must be earned in residence at UWM. The student, in consultation with the major professor, must create a plan of study and submit to the Biostatistics Faculty by the end of the first year. Minimum course requirements for all work requires approximately two to three full years of study.

Credits and Courses

Unless noted, all courses are 3 credits.

Required Core Ph.D. Courses (12 credits)
PH 702 Introduction to Biostatistics**
PH 704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology
PH 801 Seminar in Public Health Research
PH 819 Social and Environmental Justice in Public Health

** It is expected that PH 702 will be waived for the majority of PhD students based on prior training, and an additional elective will be substituted

Required Methods Courses (27 credits)
MthStat 761 Mathematics Statistics
MthStat 762 Mathematical Statistics
Math 571 Introduction to Probability Models, OR Math 771 Theory of Probability, OR MCW 04285 Introduction to Bayesian Analysis
PH 711 Intermediate Biostatistics
PH 713 Analyzing Observational and Experimental Data
PH 718 Data Management and Visualization in R TBD
PH 822 Practice of Biostatistical Consulting TBD
PH 8XX Statistical Computing TBD
PH 911 Generalized Linear Models TBD

Electives (at least 21 credits)
PH 710 Seminar in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (1 credit) TBD
PH 714 Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology
PH 715 Applied Categorical Data
PH 716 Applied Survival Analysis TBD
PH 717 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis TBD
PH 720 Special Topics in Biostatistics
PH 721 Introduction to Translational Bioinformatics
PH 723 Design, Conduct and Analysis of Clinical Trials TBD
PH 758 Social Epidemiology
PH 762 Environmental Epidemiology
PH 768 Cancer Epidemiology TBD
PH 769 Nutritional Epidemiology TBD
PH 722 Introduction to Bioinformatics in Biomedical and Public Health Sciences TBD
PH 8XX Statistical Learning TBD
PH 8XX Network Analysis TBD
PH 8XX Causal Inference TBD
CompSci 708 Scientific Computing
CompSci 711 Pattern Recognition – Statistical, Neural, and Fuzzy Approaches
Bio Sci 597 RNA Structure, Function, and Metabolism
Bio Sci 490 Molecular Genetics
MthStat 564 Time Series Analysis
MthStat 565 Nonparametric Statistics
Math 768 Applied Stochastic Processes
MthStat 863 Hypothesis Testing
MthStat 869 Advanced Topics in Mathematical Statistics

Doctoral Thesis (at least 9 credits)
PH 990 Research and Dissertation (3 credits, repeatable)

Preliminary/Qualifying Exam Process

The qualifying exams must be successfully completed within five years of initial enrollment in the Ph.D. program.

Students must successfully complete a preliminary examination process before formally achieving dissertator status. When the student is sufficiently prepared, a doctoral preliminary examination to determine the student’s knowledge and achievement is taken. The exam evaluates the student’s general knowledge of mathematical statistics, and general biostatistical and quantitative methods. Students must pass this examination to continue in the program. With permission of the examination committee, the student may repeat this examination once within one year. After successful completion of the qualifying process, the student will concentrate on the development of the dissertation.

Concentration in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion

A minimum of 69 credits of coursework beyond the bachelor’s level must be completed to earn the degree, at least 35 of which must be earned in residence at UW-Milwaukee. The course list consists of required common Ph.D. core courses, CBHP core courses, research and methods courses, and elective courses. Also, students will be required to complete three credits of supervised research under the tutelage of the primary advisor prior to the required dissertation research requirement. This is to ensure that all students obtain hands-on, supervised research training. After achieving dissertation status, students will enroll in three research credits per semester for at least two semesters.

The assemblage of elective courses is not exhaustive but reflects a starting point for the new program. With few exceptions, all of the courses are graduate-level courses. Those that are designated as Undergraduate/Graduate (U/G) classes are taught at the level of advanced undergraduate students, but include additional material and assignments consistent with graduate-level curricula. Zilber School of Public Health faculty will continue to expand the choice of elective courses as future programs develop.

In addition to regular coursework and research, doctoral students are expected to attend monthly seminars. ZSPH hosts the seminar series, "On Public Health," regularly during the lunchtime and evening hours. The seminar series provides doctoral students the opportunity to meet with ZSPH faculty and affiliated Center scientists who will present on critical public health-related research and new developments in all areas of public health. Seminars are free and open to the public. Students must regularly attend the On Public Health series in-person or remotely to successfully progress in the Ph.D. program.

Credits and Courses

Unless noted, all courses are 3 credits.

Common Required PhD Courses (12 credits)
PH 702 Introduction to Biostatistics
PH 704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology
PH 801 Seminar in Public Health Research
PH 819 Social and Environmental Justice in Public Health

CBHP PhD Required Core Courses (18 credits)
PH 725 Theories and Models of Health Behavior
PH 727 Program Planning & Implementation in Public Health
PH 820 Maternal and Child Health Foundations, Policy and Practice
PH 826 Principles of Community Intervention Research
PH 831 Community Engagement and Participatory Research Approaches in Public Health
PH 919 Core Seminar in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion

Research and Methods Required Courses (18 credits)
Choose one of the following:
PH 711 Intermediate Biostatistics
Soc Wrk 962 Applied Multiple Regression Analysis
PH 759 Applied Quantitative Methods for Studying Population Health and Health Disparities

Choose one of the following:
PH 714 Applied Categorical Data Analysis
PH 715 Applied Survival Analysis
PH 716 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis
Soc 982 Advanced Quantitative Analysis
Ed Psy 823 Structural Equation Modeling
Ed Psy 826 Analysis of Cross-Classified Categorical Data
PH 827 Research Design in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion
PH 736 Advanced Qualitative Methods
PH 728 Advanced Seminar in Evaluation Design and Methods
PH 729 Survey Research Methods in Public Health

CBHP Elective Courses (9 cr.)
ANTHRO 803 Survey of Cultural Anthropology
ANTHRO 744 Theories of Social Action: Understanding Agency & Social Structure
PH 758 Social Epidemiology
PH/HS 917 Seminar in Health Outcome Assessment
PH 734 Public Health and Mental Health
PH 768 Cancer Epidemiology
PH 769 Nutritional Epidemiology
Soc 917 Sociology of Inequality
Soc 982 Advanced Quantitative Analysis
Soc 715 Systematic Sociological Theory
Geog 725 Advanced Geographic Information Science: Geographic Modeling
Geog 734 GIS and Society
Soc Wrk 705 Individual Behavior and Social Welfare
Ed Pol 711 Community Organizing: Collective Action for Social Change: (Subtitled)
Kin 732 Physical Activity and Health Across the Lifespan
Other electives may be considered

Pre-Dissertation Research
PH 990 Research and Dissertation

Doctoral Thesis (at least 9 credits)
PH 990 Research and Dissertation (3 credits, repeatable)

Preliminary/Qualifying Exam Process

The qualifying exams must be successfully completed within five years of initial enrollment in the Ph.D. program.

The preliminary exam is designed to assess a student’s mastery of knowledge and skills to ensure adequate preparation for individual dissertation research. Students taking the preliminary exam are expected to demonstrate knowledge, competency and mastery of core public health concepts, issues and content relevant to the CBHP PhD Program. The preliminary exam consists of three sections: an open book integrative review, a closed book exam focusing on a case study, and an oral exam. (Please refer to the CBHP Qualifying Exam Policies and Procedures.) At the discretion of the examining committee, a student who fails the qualifying process may be allowed one additional attempt with all or part of the examination. After successful completion of the qualifying process, the student will concentrate on the development of the dissertation.

Dissertation Proposal Hearing
In consultation with his or her primary faculty advisor, the dissertator will develop a dissertation research plan and form a dissertation advisory committee. The composition of the dissertation committee must be in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Graduate School. The dissertator then submits a written dissertation plan to be reviewed and formally approved by the dissertation advisory committee. The research plan must clearly outline the student’s obligation for completing an original piece of work of sufficient quality, which is to be determined by the committee. The review and approval process will include a formal presentation to the committee.

Dissertation
Upon approval of the dissertation proposal, students will proceed with an original and significant research investigation under the supervision of their major professor, culminating in a written dissertation.

Dissertation Defense
The dissertator must, as the final step toward the degree, pass an oral examination in defense of the dissertation. The dissertation defense will be publically announced and open to the academic community. Once the defense is completed, students will be encouraged to revise their dissertation and submit it for publication.

Once the committee has formally approved the dissertation document and the oral defense, and the Chair of the appropriate program has certified completion of all requirements, the candidate is awarded the Ph.D. in Public Health.

Time Limit
All degree requirements must be completed within ten years from the date of initial enrollment in the doctoral program.

Schedule of Classes

The Schedule of Classes is a list of classes offered by term.

Courses

Courses numbered 300-699 are Undergraduate/Graduate. Courses numbered 700 and above are Graduate only.

700 Structures of Inequality and Population Health. 3 cr. G.
Foundations of public health, critical social theory, and social justice praxis, which provide essential interdisciplinary tools for analyzing sociostructural processes and advancing social and health equity. Prereq: grad st

701 Public Health Principles and Practice. 3 cr. G.
Examination of fundamental principles designed to improve the health of the public, public health theories, domains, and practices.

702 Introduction to Biostatistics. 3 cr. G.
Development and application of statistical reasoning and methods in addressing, analyzing and solving problems in public health. Includes lab section with introduction to SAS, including macros and core statistical analysis functions. Prereq: grad st; Math 116 with B or better, or equivalent, or cons instr

703 Environmental Health Sciences. 3 cr. G.
Survey of effects environment has on humans, and effects humans have on environment, emphasis on toxicology and infectious disease. Prereq: grad st

704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Quantitative study of patterns and determinants of health in human populations applying biomedical and social epidemiology perspectives. Problem-based lab includes surveillance, measurement, study design, and causal inference applications. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(C) or cons instr

705 Principles of Public Health Policy and Administration. 3 cr. G.
The role of policy in influencing population health, policies that promote public health, the policymaking process, and the planning and administration of health systems. Prereq: grad st; PH 704(R)

706 Perspectives on Community & Behavioral Health. 3 cr. G.
Philosophical underpinnings, conceptual frameworks, and strategies for the application of behavioral and social science concepts to the goals of public health.Prereq: grad st

707 Introduction to Statistical Computing. 1 cr. G.
Introduction to statistical methods as implemented in SAS, including macros and core statistical analysis functions Prereq: grad st; PH 702(C) or cons instr

709 Public Health Informatics. 3 cr. G.
Overview of the rapidly emerging and evolving field of public health informatics - active learning and exposure to new and relevant public health informatics methods, applications, and tools. Prereq: grad st

711 (810) Intermediate Biostatistics. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to modern multivariable statistical analysis, based on generalized linear models. Topics include linear regression, logistic regression, one-way and two-way ANOVA, longitudinal analysis, missing data, and mixed models. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons instr

712 Probability and Statistical Inference. 3 cr. G.
Introductory graduate-level course that provides students with a mathematical treatment and understanding of key concepts in probability and distribution theory and statistical inference, and their applications in public health. Prereq: grad st; Math 231 (P) & 232 (P) or equivalent, or cons instr

713 Analyzing Observational and Experimental Data. 3 cr. G.
Analyze data from both experiments and observational studies within a causal inference framework as it applies to public health. Covers randomization, confounding, blocking, ANOVA, counterfactuals, selection bias, and measurement error. Prereq: grad st; PH 704(C), PH 711 (C) or PH 759 (C) or cons instr

714 Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to statistical methods for the analysis of family and population based genetic data, including methods can be used in linkage analysis, family-based and population-based association studies. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) and PH 711(P) or cons instr

715 Applied Categorical Data. 3 cr. G.
Data analysis techniques for various kinds of categorical data for public health related examples using SAS. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P) and PH 712(P) or cons instr

716 Applied Survival Analysis. 3 cr. G.
This course covers basic concepts and techniques in the statistical analysis of survival data. Prereq: grad st; PH711(P) and PH712(P); or cons instr.

717 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover data analysis techniques for longitudinal data with focus on application in public health with related examples using SAS. Prereq: PH 711 and PH 712; cons instr.

718 Data Management and Visualization in R. 3 cr. G.
This course covers basic concepts and techniques for statistical programming with the R computing language. Prereq: PH711; cons instr.

719 Social Justice in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
This course is designed to introduce you to the major social variables (e.g., socioeconomic status, race, poverty, social support, neighborhood environment) that affect public health. Prereq: grad st

720 Special Topics in Biostatistics: (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. G.
Survey of an area in Biostatistics. Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course is offered. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st

721 Introduction to Translational Bioinformatics. 3 cr. G.
Review bioinformatics knowledge and analytical skills, high-throughput technologies that produce various omic data, along with the methodologies to analyze and interpret different layers of information. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P) or cons instr

723 (effective 09/02/2016) Design, Conduct and Analysis of Clinical Trials. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to the design, conduct and analysis of phase I-IV clinical trials, with an emphasis on phase III trials and ethical issues in clinical research. Prereq: grad st; PH 711 (P), or cons instr

725 Theories and Models of Health Behavior. 3 cr. G.
Examine theories of health behavior targeted to each level of the social ecological model, including historical and public health context. Assess utility of these theories in various domains. Prereq: grad st

726 Community Health Assessment. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to the concepts and techniques of community health assessment; conducting and critically analyzing community assessments. Prereq: grad st; PH 701(P) or cons instr

727 Program Planning & Implementation in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Systematic approach to planning and implementing public health programs, examining program monitoring, methods of impact assessment, and measuring efficiency. Prereq: grad st

728 Program Evaluation in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Students design and present research and evaluation plans, receive guidance on developing conceptual frameworks and hypotheses, collecting and analyzing data, and developing program evaluation plans. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons inst

729 Survey Research Methods in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
The application of survey methods with emphases on sampling, survey design and planning, and data collection procedures. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons inst

732 Youth Mental Health Practice for Non Mental Health Professionals. 3 cr. G.
Examination of mental health principles and practices from a public health professional's perspective, including ethical guidelines, necessary interpersonal skills, and mental health screenings and referrals to services. Prereq: grad st

740 Special Topics in Public Health: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
Topics of current interest in public health. May be repeated w/ chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st.

741 (effective 09/02/2016) Environmental Public Health Microbiology. 3 cr. G.
Environmental health microbiology is the study of microbial processes in water, land, and food that affect human health. Prereq: grad st; completed minimum of one undergraduate microbiology course.

743 Environmental Risk Assessment. 3 cr. G.
Risk assessment practices from an environmental health perspective, complexities and challenges of regulation, management, and mitigation of risks for both human and ecosystem health. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) & PH 703 (P) or cons instr

744 Environmental Toxicology. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover the occurrence, fate and transport, and toxic action of natural and synthetic chemicals encountered in the air, water, and soil. Prereq: grad st; CHEM 100 (or equivalent) with B or better, and BIO SCI 150 (or equivalent) with B or better, or cons instr

745 Developmental Toxicology. 3 cr. G.
An introduction to the field of developmental toxicology and how environmental contaminants influence vertebrate development, including humans. Prereq: grad st.

750 Seminar in Environmental Health Sciences. (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. G.
Survey of an area in environmental health. Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course offered. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max.

752 Public Health and Mental Health. 3 cr. G.
Understanding mental health and mental illness from a public health perspective; designed for an interdisciplinary audience of students, researchers and practitioners. Prereq: grad st.

758 Social Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Foundations of social epidemiology, including key concepts, theoretical frameworks, and methods for studying social and structural determinants of population health and health inequity. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), PH 702(P), and PH 704(P); or cons instr

759 Applied Quant Methods for Studying Population Health & Health Disparities. 3 cr. G.
Using STATA on real data to build regression models, perform diagnostics, and interpret results. Utilize social theory to put results into context. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), PH 702(P), PH 704(P), or cons inst.

761 Epidemiology Field Methods. 3 cr. G.
Prepares students to conduct epidemiologic field studies. Introduction of reviewing literature, designing questionnaires, developing surveillance systems, conducting emergency outbreak investigations, applying for IRB approval, and public relations. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), 702(P), and PH 704 (P) or cons instr

762 Environmental Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Expands upon basic epidemiological principles to tackle current problems in studies of health impacts of contaminants in air, water, food supply, consumer products, and indoor spaces, emphasizing a cross-disciplinary approach. Prereq: grad st; PH 703(C) and PH 704(P) or cons instr.

768 (effective 09/06/2016) Cancer Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
The course will provide an introduction to cancer epidemiology and prevention evaluating methods to study cancer etiology and survival with a particular focus on understanding cancer disparities. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) and PH 704(P); or cons instr grad st; PH 702(P) and PH 704(P); or cons instr.

775 Mechanisms of Infectious Disease. 2 cr. G.
Molecular and cellular means by which microorganisms facilitate infection, withstand or evade immune response, induce damage to host, and ensure transmission to human populations. C L Sci 775 & PH 775 are jointly offered; they count as repeats of one another. Prereq: grad st; lc & la course in medical microbiology

776 Qualitative Approaches in Public Health Policy and Administration. 3 cr. G.
Introduces students to foundational approaches to qualitative research for use in public health policy & administration. It provides opportunities to practice foundational data collection, research analysis, reflexivity, & research design skills. Prereq: grad st

777 Quantitative Research Methods for PH Policy & Administration. 3 cr. G.
Introduces quantitative methods commonly used in public health policy and administration decision-making, skills to analyze quantitative research and to apply knowledge generated from research to the public health policy and administration context. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons instr

779 Public Health Policymaking and Policy Analysis. 3 cr. G.
Introduces students to key frameworks for public health policymaking and policy analysis. Students apply concepts to a real world public health problem of their choice. Prereq: grad st; PH705(P) or MSP760(P) or cons instr.

780 Seminar in Public Health Policy and Administration. (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. G.
Survey of an area in Public Health Policy and Administration. Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course offered. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st

790 Field Experience in Public Health. 1-6 cr. G.
Apply skills learned in the classroom to real world public health problems in a mentored field placement, engaging both faculty and site preceptors. Prereq: grad st; PH 701(P), PH 702(P), PH 703(P), PH 704(P), PH 705(P), PH 706(P), and PH 707(P) or cons instr

800 Capstone in Public Health. 2 cr. G.
Application of acquired public health knowledge, experience and competencies in developing a public health project that demonstrates readiness for professional practice. Prereq: grad st; PH 790(P) or cons instr.

801 Seminar in Public Health Research. 3 cr. G.
Immersion in interdisciplinary collaborative approaches to public health research. Prereq: grad st; 1 course in stats/biostats and 1 course in research methods; or cons instr.

818 (effective 09/02/2017) Statistical Computing. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover the theory and application of common algorithms used in statistical computing. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P), MthStat 762(P), and PH 718(P) or cons inst.

819 Social and Environmental Justice in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Social and environmental justice perspective on public health problems and concerns. Jointly offered w/ & counts as a repeat of Soc Wrk 819. Prereq: grad st

820 Maternal and Child Health Foundations, Policy and Practice. 3 cr. G.
The foundations of MCH, historical context, financing, challenges, and opportunities in advancing MCH at state, national and international level including the integration of men. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P), 704(P) or cons instr

825 Social and Behavioral Science in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Overview of the contribution and use of social and behavioral sciences approaches in public health research, policy, planning/evaluation, practice, and interventions. Prereq: grad st

826 Principles of Community Intervention Research. 3 cr. G.
Seminar covering classics in community-based public health research and the development of conceptual and methodological skills in community engagement. Counts a repeat of PH 740 with similar topic. Prereq: grad st.

827 Research Design in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion. 3 cr. G.
Examination of experimental, quasi-experimental, and nonexperimental study designs, focus groups, and coding with qualitative software. Prereq: grad st; admis to doctoral prog; PH 801(P) & 702(P) or cons instr.

831 Community Engagement and Participatory Research Approaches in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Effective approaches to engaging communities in health interventions and addressing health disparities. Prereq: grad st.

911 (effective 09/02/2017) Generalized Linear Models. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover theory of advanced biostatistics models with focus on generalized linear models and will also cover generalized estimating equation, generalized linear mixed models. We will emphasize implementation in R. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P), MthStat 762(P), and PH 718(P) or cons instr.

990 Research and Dissertation. 1-8 cr. G.
Original research in any public health discipline Prereq: grad st.

999 Independent Study. 1-3 cr. G.
Independent study on a topic not available as a regular course, directed by a member of the graduate faculty. Prereq: grad st; cons instr.