Epidemiology








Application Deadlines

Deadlines are displayed in the format mm/dd.

Epidemiology, Ph.D.

Rolling Admissions
Epidemiology, Ph.D.
School/College: Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health

Department Links: Degrees Conferred:
  • Ph.D. in Epidemiology
Other Degrees Conferred by the Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health: Overview
The Ph.D. program in epidemiology prepares graduates for many career paths, including academia, non-governmental organizations, and public service at all levels of local, national, and international government.

Through rigorous theoretical and methodological training, students learn to conduct independent research that examines the distribution and determinants of health, and to translate their findings to public health policy and strategies to promote population health. The program encourages applicants from diverse backgrounds, with a clearly communicated interest in epidemiology and in promoting health equity.

This program also meets requirements outlined by the national Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH).

Graduate Faculty

(Professors’ home departments, programs, or schools appear in parentheses)

Professors
Carvan, Michael III Ph.D., Texas A&M University (School of Freshwater Sciences)
Cisler, Ron, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin Milwaukee (College of Health Sciences)
Florsheim, Paul, Ph.D., Northwestern University
McLellan, Sandra, Ph.D., University of Cincinnati Medical Center (School of Freshwater Sciences)
McRoy, Susan, Ph.D., University of Toronto (College of Engineering and Applied Science)
Schutz, Aaron, Ph.D., M.P.P., M.A., University of Michigan (School of Education)
Strath, Scott, Ph.D. University of Tennessee (College of Health Sciences)
Swartz, Ann, Ph.D., University of Tennessee (College of Health Sciences)
Tonellato, Peter, Ph.D., University of Arizona
Velie, Ellen, Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
Weinhardt, Lance, Ph.D., Syracuse University

Associate Professors
Auer, Paul, Ph.D., Purdue University
Cho, Young, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Chicago
Do, D. Phuong (Phoenix), Ph.D. The RAND Graduate School
Harley, Amy, Ph.D., M.P.H., Ohio State University
Huang, Chiang-Ching Spencer, Ph.D., University of Michigan
Kalkbrenner, Amy, Ph.D., M.P.H., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Klos, Lori, Ph.D., Cornell University (College of Health Sciences)
Laiosa, Michael, Ph.D., State University of New York, Upstate Medical University
Malcoe, Lorraine Halinka, M.P.H., Ph.D., University of California at Berkeley
Miller, Todd, Ph.D., University of Maryland
Ngui, Emmanuel, Dr.P.H., M.Sc, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Svoboda, Kurt, Ph.D., S.U.N.Y at Stony Brook
Walker, Renee, Dr.P.H., M.P.H., University of Pittsburgh
Yan, Alice, Ph.D., University of Maryland

Assistant Professors
Hussein, Mustafa, Ph.D., The University of Tennessee
Laestadius, Linnea, Ph.D., M.P.P., Johns Hopkins University
Ma, Hongbo, Ph.D., University of Georgia
Meier, Helen, Ph.D., M.P.H., University of Michigan
Simanek, Amanda, Ph.D., University of Michigan
Wang, Yang, Ph.D., University of Nebraska
Zheng, Cheng, Ph.D., M.S, University of Washington

Non-Faculty

Adjunct Associate Professor
Swain, Geoffrey R. MD, MPH, Medical College of Wisconsin (University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine & Public Health)

Doctor of Philosophy in Epidemiology

Admission
Applicants must meet Graduate School requirements plus these departmental requirements to be considered for admission to the program:
  1. Submission of scores from the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), taken within 5 years of the date of application. While there is not a minimum GRE score requirement, strong quantitative, verbal and writing skills are critical to successfully completing the program.
  2. Three letters of recommendation are required. At least one letter must be from a university faculty member.
Recommended:
  • A completed master’s degree in Epidemiology, public health, or the social sciences.
  • At least one undergraduate mathematics or statistics course and one biological sciences course with a 3.0 GPA
Major Professor as Advisor
Students will be asked to identify their primary research areas of interest and faculty with potential shared interests; faculty will be matched to serve as a career mentor and advisor.

Credits and Courses

The curriculum consists of 75 credits beyond the bachelor’s degree.

Required courses (66 credits)
PH 700 Structures of Inequality and Population Health
PH 702 Introduction to Biostatistics
PH 704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology
PH 705 Principles of Public Health Policy and Administration
PH 758 Social Epidemiology
PH 759 Applied Quant Methods for Studying Population Health & Health Disparities
PH 761 Epidemiology Field Methods
PH 763 Epidemiology for Equity
PH 779 Public Health Policymaking and Policy Analysis
PH 801 Seminar in Public Health Research
PH 804 Advanced Epidemiology
PH 819 Social and Environmental Justice in Public Health -OR- PH 859 Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities in US
PH 823 Applied Analysis of Binary Outcomes in Public Health Research
PH 864 Research Ethics in Epidemiology & Public Health
PH 870 Epidemiology in Health Policy & Advocacy
PH 904 Survey of Analytic Methods for Epidemiology
PH 960 Current Issues in Epidemiology
PH 990 Research and Dissertation (1-3 cr)

Required Epidemiology Subject Matter “S” elective (Choose two courses, 6 cr.)
PH 768 Cancer Epidemiology
PH 769 Critical Perspectives in Nutritional Epidemiology and Food Systems
PH 762 Environmental Epidemiology
PH 868 Epidemiologic Links Between Infectious and Chronic Disease
PH 865 Critical Methodologies for Health Equity Research

Analytic Methods Electives (Choose 2 courses, 6 cr.; other classes as approved)
PH 712 Probability and Statistical Inference
PH 714 Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology
PH 715 Applied Categorical Data Analysis
PH 716 Applied Survival Analysis
PH 717 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis
PH 718 Data Management and Visualization in R
PH 776 Qualitative Approaches in Public Health Policy and Administration
SOC 982 Advanced Quantitative Analysis
EDPSY 823 Structural Equation Modelling
EDPSY 832 Theory of Hierarchical Linear Modelling
PH 729 Survey Research Methods in Public Health OR SOC 752 Fundamentals of Survey Methodology
GEOG 525 Geographic Information Science (4 cr)

Other Electives (Choose 1 course, 3 cr.; other classes as approved)
PH 727 Program Planning and Implementation in Public Health
PH 728 Program Evaluation in Public Health
PH 774 Violence and Health: Interdisciplinary Theories and Interventions
PH 784 Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy
PH 808 Writing a Federal Grant in the Public Health Sciences
PH 820 Maternal and Child Health Foundations, Policy and Practice
PH 826 Principles of Community Intervention Research
PH 831 Community Engaged and Participatory Research and Practice
NOTE: Students may apply previous graduate course work towards didactic Ph.D. credits, contingent on assessment of course equivalencies, in accordance with UW-Milwaukee policies.

Dissertation Proposal Hearing
In consultation with his or her primary faculty advisor, the dissertator will develop a dissertation research plan and form a dissertation advisory committee. The composition of the dissertation committee must be in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Graduate School. The dissertator then submits a written dissertation plan to be reviewed and formally approved by the dissertation advisory committee. The research plan must clearly outline the student’s obligation for completing an original piece of work of sufficient quality, which is to be determined by the committee. The review and approval process will include a formal presentation to the committee.

Dissertation
Upon approval of the dissertation proposal, students will proceed with an original and significant research investigation under the supervision of their major professor, culminating in a written dissertation.

Dissertation Defense
The dissertator must, as the final step toward the degree, pass an oral examination in defense of the dissertation. The dissertation defense will be publicly announced and open to the academic community. Once the defense is completed, students will be encouraged to revise their dissertation and submit it for publication.

Once the committee has formally approved the dissertation document and the oral defense, and the Chair of the appropriate program has certified completion of all requirements, the candidate is awarded the Ph.D. in Public Health.

Time Limit
All degree requirements must be completed within ten years from the date of initial enrollment in the doctoral program.

Schedule of Classes

The Schedule of Classes is a list of classes offered by term.

Courses

Note: All Public Health (PH) courses appear below. Only those courses listed above in the Ph.D. in Epidemiology section or approved by the student's advisor can count toward the Ph.D. in Epidemiology degree.

Courses numbered 300-699 are Undergraduate/Graduate. Courses numbered 700 and above are Graduate only.

700 Structures of Inequality and Population Health. 3 cr. G.
Foundations of public health, critical social theory, and social justice praxis, which provide essential interdisciplinary tools for analyzing sociostructural processes and advancing social and health equity. Prereq: grad st

701 Public Health Principles and Practice. 3 cr. G.
Examination of fundamental principles designed to improve the health of the public, public health theories, domains, and practices.

702 Introduction to Biostatistics. 3 cr. G.
Development and application of statistical reasoning and methods in addressing, analyzing and solving problems in public health. Includes lab section with introduction to SAS, including macros and core statistical analysis functions. Prereq: grad st; Math 116 with B or better, or equivalent, or cons instr

703 Environmental Health Sciences. 3 cr. G.
Survey of effects environment has on humans, and effects humans have on environment, emphasis on toxicology and infectious disease. Prereq: grad st

704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Quantitative study of patterns and determinants of health in human populations applying biomedical and social epidemiology perspectives. Problem-based lab includes surveillance, measurement, study design, and causal inference applications. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(C) or cons instr

705 Principles of Public Health Policy and Administration. 3 cr. G.
The role of policy in influencing population health, policies that promote public health, the policymaking process, and the planning and administration of health systems. Prereq: grad st; PH 704(R)

706 Perspectives on Community & Behavioral Health. 3 cr. G.
Philosophical underpinnings, conceptual frameworks, and strategies for the application of behavioral and social science concepts to the goals of public health.Prereq: grad st

707 Introduction to Statistical Computing. 1 cr. G.
Introduction to statistical methods as implemented in SAS, including macros and core statistical analysis functions Prereq: grad st; PH 702(C) or cons instr

708 Health Systems and Population Health. 3 cr. G.
Using fundamental concepts of health systems design, international comparisons, and case studies, this course demonstrates strategies through which health systems could improve health and reduce inequities by addressing social vulnerabilities. Prereq: grad st

709 Public Health Informatics. 3 cr. G.
Overview of the rapidly emerging and evolving field of public health informatics - active learning and exposure to new and relevant public health informatics methods, applications, and tools. Prereq: grad st

711 (810) Intermediate Biostatistics. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to modern multivariable statistical analysis, based on generalized linear models. Topics include linear regression, logistic regression, one-way and two-way ANOVA, longitudinal analysis, missing data, and mixed models. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons instr

712 Probability and Statistical Inference. 3 cr. G.
Introductory graduate-level course that provides students with a mathematical treatment and understanding of key concepts in probability and distribution theory and statistical inference, and their applications in public health. Prereq: grad st; Math 231 (P) & 232 (P) or equivalent, or cons instr

713 Analyzing Observational and Experimental Data. 3 cr. G.
Analyze data from both experiments and observational studies within a causal inference framework as it applies to public health. Covers randomization, confounding, blocking, ANOVA, counterfactuals, selection bias, and measurement error. Prereq: grad st; PH 704(C), PH 711 (C) or PH 759 (C) or cons instr

714 Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to statistical methods for the analysis of family and population based genetic data, including methods can be used in linkage analysis, family-based and population-based association studies. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) and PH 711(P) or cons instr

715 Applied Categorical Data. 3 cr. G.
Data analysis techniques for various kinds of categorical data for public health related examples using SAS. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P) and PH 712(P) or cons instr

716 Applied Survival Analysis. 3 cr. G.
This course covers basic concepts and techniques in the statistical analysis of survival data. Prereq: grad st; PH711(P) and PH712(P); or cons instr.

717 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover data analysis techniques for longitudinal data with focus on application in public health with related examples using SAS. Prereq: PH 711 and PH 712; cons instr.

718 Data Management and Visualization in R. 3 cr. G.
This course covers basic concepts and techniques for statistical programming with the R computing language. Prereq: PH711; cons instr.

719 Social Justice in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
This course is designed to introduce you to the major social variables (e.g., socioeconomic status, race, poverty, social support, neighborhood environment) that affect public health. Prereq: grad st

720 Special Topics in Biostatistics: (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. G.
Survey of an area in Biostatistics. Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course is offered. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st

721 Introduction to Translational Bioinformatics. 3 cr. G.
Review bioinformatics knowledge and analytical skills, high-throughput technologies that produce various omic data, along with the methodologies to analyze and interpret different layers of information. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P) or cons instr

723 Design, Conduct and Analysis of Clinical Trials. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to the design, conduct and analysis of phase I-IV clinical trials, with an emphasis on phase III trials and ethical issues in clinical research. Prereq: grad st; PH 711 (P), or cons instr

725 Theories and Models of Health Behavior. 3 cr. G.
Examine theories of health behavior targeted to each level of the social ecological model, including historical and public health context. Assess utility of these theories in various domains. Prereq: grad st

726 Community Health Assessment. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to the concepts and techniques of community health assessment; conducting and critically analyzing community assessments. Prereq: grad st; PH 701(P) or cons instr

727 Program Planning & Implementation in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Systematic approach to planning and implementing public health programs, examining program monitoring, methods of impact assessment, and measuring efficiency. Prereq: grad st

728 Program Evaluation in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Students design and present research and evaluation plans, receive guidance on developing conceptual frameworks and hypotheses, collecting and analyzing data, and developing program evaluation plans. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons inst

729 Survey Research Methods in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
The application of survey methods with emphases on sampling, survey design and planning, and data collection procedures. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons inst

732 Youth Mental Health Practice for Non Mental Health Professionals. 3 cr. G.
Examination of mental health principles and practices from a public health professional's perspective, including ethical guidelines, necessary interpersonal skills, and mental health screenings and referrals to services. Prereq: grad st

740 Special Topics in Public Health: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
Topics of current interest in public health. May be repeated w/ chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st.

741 Environmental Public Health Microbiology. 3 cr. G.
Environmental health microbiology is the study of microbial processes in water, land, and food that affect human health. Prereq: grad st; completed minimum of one undergraduate microbiology course.

743 Environmental Risk Assessment. 3 cr. G.
Risk assessment practices from an environmental health perspective, complexities and challenges of regulation, management, and mitigation of risks for both human and ecosystem health. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) & PH 703 (P) or cons instr

744 Environmental Toxicology. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover the occurrence, fate and transport, and toxic action of natural and synthetic chemicals encountered in the air, water, and soil. Prereq: grad st; CHEM 100 (or equivalent) with B or better, and BIO SCI 150 (or equivalent) with B or better, or cons instr

745 Developmental Toxicology. 3 cr. G.
An introduction to the field of developmental toxicology and how environmental contaminants influence vertebrate development, including humans. Prereq: grad st.

750 Seminar in Environmental Health Sciences. (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. G.
Survey of an area in environmental health. Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course offered. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max.

752 Public Health and Mental Health. 3 cr. G.
Understanding mental health and mental illness from a public health perspective; designed for an interdisciplinary audience of students, researchers and practitioners. Prereq: grad st.

758 Social Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Foundations of social epidemiology, including key concepts, theoretical frameworks, and methods for studying social and structural determinants of population health and health inequity. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), PH 702(P), and PH 704(P); or cons instr

759 Applied Quant Methods for Studying Population Health & Health Disparities. 3 cr. G.
Using STATA on real data to build regression models, perform diagnostics, and interpret results. Utilize social theory to put results into context. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), PH 702(P), PH 704(P), or cons inst.

761 Epidemiology Field Methods. 3 cr. G.
Prepares students to conduct epidemiologic field studies. Introduction of reviewing literature, designing questionnaires, developing surveillance systems, conducting emergency outbreak investigations, applying for IRB approval, and public relations. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), 702(P), and PH 704 (P) or cons instr

762 Environmental Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Expands upon basic epidemiological principles to tackle current problems in studies of health impacts of contaminants in air, water, food supply, consumer products, and indoor spaces, emphasizing a cross-disciplinary approach. Prereq: grad st; PH 703(C) and PH 704(P) or cons instr.

763 Epidemiology for Equity. 3 cr. G.
Students will integrate epidemiology methods with the principles, methods, and skills of participatory action research aimed at structural change to promote social and/or environmental justice and health equity. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), 702(P), PH 704(P), and PH 790 (C); or consent of instructor

768 Cancer Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
The course will provide an introduction to cancer epidemiology and prevention evaluating methods to study cancer etiology and survival with a particular focus on understanding cancer disparities. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) and PH 704(P); or cons instr grad st; PH 702(P) and PH 704(P); or cons instr.

769 Critical Perspectives on Nutritional Epidemiology and the Food System. 3 cr. G.
This course offers a synthesis of nutritional epidemiological methods and food systems perspectives to build students critical understanding of diets, nutrition, and their public health implications. Prereq: grad st; PH702(P), PH704(P), and PH705(P); or consent of instructor

774 Violence and Health. 3 cr. G.
This course examines relationships between violence and health from an interdisciplinary perspective in order to develop analytical, practical, and self-reflexive skills for intervening in violence and promoting health equity. Prereq: grad st

775 Mechanisms of Infectious Disease. 2 cr. G.
Molecular and cellular means by which microorganisms facilitate infection, withstand or evade immune response, induce damage to host, and ensure transmission to human populations. C L Sci 775 & PH 775 are jointly offered; they count as repeats of one another. Prereq: grad st; lc & la course in medical microbiology

776 Qualitative Approaches in Public Health Policy and Administration. 3 cr. G.
Introduces students to foundational approaches to qualitative research for use in public health policy & administration. It provides opportunities to practice foundational data collection, research analysis, reflexivity, & research design skills. Prereq: grad st

777 Quantitative Research Methods for PH Policy & Administration. 3 cr. G.
Introduces quantitative methods commonly used in public health policy and administration decision-making, skills to analyze quantitative research and to apply knowledge generated from research to the public health policy and administration context. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P) or cons instr

779 Public Health Policymaking and Policy Analysis. 3 cr. G.
Introduces students to key frameworks for public health policymaking and policy analysis. Students apply concepts to a real world public health problem of their choice. Prereq: grad st; PH705(P) or MSP760(P) or cons instr.

780 Seminar in Public Health Policy and Administration. (Subtitled). 1-3 cr. G.
Survey of an area in Public Health Policy and Administration. Specific credits and add'l prereqs announced in Schedule of Classes each time course offered. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st

781 Public Health Administration. 3 cr. G.
This course introduces basic concepts, best-practice leadership, and management principles with the emphasis on organizational behavior in public health settings. Prereq: grad st.

784 Social and Economic Policy as Health Policy. 3 cr. G.
This course examines how social and economic policies, including education, income re-distribution, and housing shape population health. A broad overview of the social determinants of health is introduced/reviewed and current knowledge of the impact. Prereq: grad st; a course covering multiple regression, including PH 711(P), PH 759(P), or cons inst.

785 Principles of Public Health Economics. 3 cr. G.
The course introduces the application of microeconomic theories and models to explain major topics and trends in public health and health care settings. Prereq: grad st. or cons instr

790 Field Experience in Public Health. 1-6 cr. G.
Apply skills learned in the classroom to real world public health problems in a mentored field placement, engaging both faculty and site preceptors. Prereq: grad st; PH 701(P), PH 702(P), PH 703(P), PH 704(P), PH 705(P), PH 706(P), and PH 707(P) or cons instr

800 Capstone in Public Health. 2 cr. G.
Application of acquired public health knowledge, experience and competencies in developing a public health project that demonstrates readiness for professional practice. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only. Prereq: grad st; PH 790(P) or cons instr.

801 Seminar in Public Health Research. 3 cr. G.
Immersion in interdisciplinary collaborative approaches to public health research. Prereq: grad st; 1 course in stats/biostats and 1 course in research methods; or cons instr.

804 Advanced Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Advanced training in epidemiological concepts, principles and methods in the context of population health and health equity. grad st; PH758, PH823, or cons instr

808 Writing a Federal Grant in the Public Health Sciences. 3 cr. G.
This course is designed to provide students a hands-on experience with all aspects of preparation of a hypothesis driven grant application to a federal agency such as the NIH or NSF. Prereq: grad st. admis to a PhD program.

813 Practice of Biostatistical Consulting. 3 cr. G.
This course teaches the elements of statistical consulting, appropriate statistical analysis approaches, and how to interpret findings and effectively communicate with clients. Prereq: grad st; PH 711, PH 713, & PH 718; or cons instr.

818 Statistical Computing. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover the theory and application of common algorithms used in statistical computing. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P), MthStat 762(P), and PH 718(P) or cons inst.

819 Social and Environmental Justice in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Social and environmental justice perspective on public health problems and concerns. Jointly offered w/ & counts as a repeat of Soc Wrk 819. Prereq: grad st

820 Maternal and Child Health Foundations, Policy and Practice. 3 cr. G.
The foundations of MCH, historical context, financing, challenges, and opportunities in advancing MCH at state, national and international level including the integration of men. Prereq: grad st; PH 702(P), 704(P) or cons instr

823 Applied Analysis of Binary Outcomes in Public Health Research. 3 cr. G.
Apply principles of epidemiology, statistics, and study design in analyzing a public health dataset of choice, covering confounding, modification, bias, missing data, and interpretation in light of limitations. Prereq: PH702 (P), PH 704(P), and doctoral standing; or consent of instructor.

825 Social and Behavioral Science in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Overview of the contribution and use of social and behavioral sciences approaches in public health research, policy, planning/evaluation, practice, and interventions. Prereq: grad st

826 Principles of Community Intervention Research. 3 cr. G.
Seminar covering classics in community-based public health research and the development of conceptual and methodological skills in community engagement. Counts a repeat of PH 740 with similar topic. Prereq: grad st.

827 Research Design in Community and Behavioral Health Promotion. 3 cr. G.
Examination of experimental, quasi-experimental, and nonexperimental study designs, focus groups, and coding with qualitative software. Prereq: grad st; admis to doctoral prog; PH 801(P) & 702(P) or cons instr.

831 Community Engagement and Participatory Research Approaches in Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Effective approaches to engaging communities in health interventions and addressing health disparities. Prereq: grad st.

859 Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities in the United States. 3 cr. G.
The course will analyze studies of racial/ethnic health disparities, with a focus to include multi-level and temporal perspectives to better understand the social context in which the determinants of racial/ethnic health are embedded. Counts as repeat of PH 740 w/similar topic. Prereq: grad st; a course covering multiple regression, including PH 711(P), PH 759(P) , or cons inst.

864 Research Ethics in Epidemiology and Public Health. 3 cr. G.
Training in research ethics and ethical analysis in the context of public health and epidemiology research. Covers all topics outlined in the NIHs Responsible Conduct of Research Training. Prereq: grad st; PH801, PH704, or cons instr

865 (effective 01/22/2018) Critical Methodologies for Health Equity Research. 3 cr. G.
Analyzes interdisciplinary critical methodologies for researching health inequities across diverse axes of power and considers how to integrate these methodologies into epidemiologic and public health research to advance health equity. Prereq: grad st; PH 700(P), and PH 758(P) or PH 859(P), or cons instr

868 Epidemiologic Links Between Infectious and Chronic Disease. 3 cr. G.
Discussion of social patterning of infection, epidemiologic and physiologic links between infections and chronic disease, and methodological considerations in the evaluation of such associations. Prereq: grad st; PH702(P), PH704(P), and PH759(P) or PH711(P); or consent of instructor

870 Epidemiology in Health Policy and Advocacy. 3 cr. G.
Using epidemiologic evidence to inform public health policy, through engagement with the policy process, communication with policymakers, and evidence-based appraisal of policy alternatives and advocacy for sound policy. grad st; PH 779(P), PH804; or cons instr

904 Survey of Analytic Methods for Epidemiology. 3 cr. G.
Survey of advanced analytic approaches to the conduct of epidemiologic research in the pursuit of causal inference. Prereq: grad st; PH804 or permission of instructor.

911 Generalized Linear Models. 3 cr. G.
This course will cover theory of advanced biostatistics models with focus on generalized linear models and will also cover generalized estimating equation, generalized linear mixed models. We will emphasize implementation in R. Prereq: grad st; PH 711(P), MthStat 762(P), and PH 718(P) or cons instr.

990 Research and Dissertation. 1-8 cr. G.
Original research in any public health discipline Prereq: grad st.

999 Independent Study. 1-3 cr. G.
Independent study on a topic not available as a regular course, directed by a member of the graduate faculty. Prereq: grad st; cons instr.