Biomedical and Health Informatics








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Biomedical and Health Informatics w/o Masters, Ph.D.

Rolling Admissions
Biomedical and Health Informatics w/o Masters, Ph.D.

Biomedical and Health Informatics, Ph.D.

Rolling Admissions
Biomedical and Health Informatics, Ph.D.
School/College: College of Engineering & Applied Science, Medical College of Wisconsin

Department Links: Degrees Conferred:
  • Ph.D. in Biomedical and Health Informatics
Overview
The Ph.D. in Biomedical and Health Informatics is an interdisciplinary doctoral program offered by UWM through collaboration between several academic units at UWM and the Medical College of Wisconsin. The Program is housed in the UWM Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. It is guided by a Steering Committee consisting of faculty from the academic units participating in the Program.

Biomedical and health informatics is a field that is concerned with the cognitive, information processing, and communication aspects of medicine and healthcare including the information sciences and technology to support these tasks. The field covers the application of information technology in clinical medicine, medical record keeping, medical instrumentation, and healthcare management.

The main goal of the Ph.D. program is to prepare graduates to perform advanced research in the discipline and to assume leadership roles in medical and healthcare industries. The degree is philosophically conceptualized as involving several disciplines in a collaborative learning process with the goal of fostering inter-professional interactions and inquiry. This degree will build upon existing graduate programs and research in the participating units. Qualified students with strong academic records in any of these programs will be considered for admission.

Other participating units:
  • College of Health Sciences
  • College of Nursing
  • Lubar School of Business
  • School of Information Studies
  • Zilber School of Public Health
  • The Medical College of Wisconsin

Graduate Faculty

The program faculty for this interdisciplinary program come from the Medical College of Wisconsin and several academic units at UWM.

Medical College of Wisconsin

Professors
Scanlon, Mathew, (Pediatrics) M.D., Loyola Stritch School of Medicine, Chicago

Associate Professors
Shimoyama, Mary, Ph.D. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Welzig, Charles, M.D., Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

Assistant Professors
Asan, Onur, Ph.D University of Wisconsin-Madison

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Professors
Hosseini, Hossein (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., University of Iowa
McRoy, Susan (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., University of Toronto
Misra, Devendra (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., Michigan State University
Munson, Ethan (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., University of California-Berkeley
Sinha, Atish (Lubar School of Business), Ph.D. University of Pittsburgh
Soofi, Ehsan S. (Lubar School of Business), Ph.D., University of California-Riverside
Tonellato, Peter (Zilber School of Public Health), Ph.D.
Wolfram, Dietmar (School of Information Studies), Ph.D. University of Western Ontario
Zahedi, Fatemeh (Lubar School of Business), DBA, Indiana University
Zhang, Jin (School of Information Studies), Ph.D University of Pittsburgh
Zhang, Jun (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Zhao, Huimin (Lubar School of Business), Ph.D., University of Arizona

Associate Professors
Chang, Woo-Jin (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., Inha University
D’Souza, Roshan (College of Engineering & Applied Science) Ph.D. University of California Berkeley
Goyal, Mukul (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., Ohio State University
Huang, Chiang-Ching (Zilber School of Public Health), PhD, University of Michigan-AnnArbor
Kate, Rohit (College of Health Sciences) Ph.D, University of Texas at Austin
Law, Chiu-Tai (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., Purdue University
Mali, Amol (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., Arizona State University
Nambisan, Priya (College of Health Sciences), PhD Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Nazareth, Derek (Lubar School of Business), Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University
Patrick, Timothy (College of Health Sciences), Ph.D., University of Missouri-Columbia
Talsma, AkkeNeel (College of Nursing), Ph.D., University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
Wu, Min (College of Health Sciences), Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Xu, Guangwu (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., State University of New York-Buffalo
Wang, Weizhong (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., University of Maryland
Yu, Zeyun (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., University of Texas-Austin
Zhao, Tian (College of Engineering and Applied Science), Ph.D., Purdue University

Assistant Professors
Auer, Paul (Zilber School of Public Health). Ph.D. Purdue University
Carnegie, Nicole (Zilber School of Public Health), Ph.D University of Washington
Hu, Yi (College of Engineering & Applied Science), Ph.D., University of Texas at Dallas
Luo, Jake (College of Health Sciences), Ph.D., Queen’s University, Belfast, U.K.
Rahman, Mohammad Habib (College of Engineering & Applied Science),PhD Université of Québec, Canada
Salowitz, Nathan (College of Engineering & Applied Science) Ph.D. Stanford University
Sung, Yongjin (College of Engineering & Applied Science) Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Yan, Alice Fang (Zilber School of Public Health), Ph.D. University of Maryland
Zheng, Cheng (Zilber School of Public Health), Ph.D. University of Washington
Zheng, Zhi (College of Engineering & Applied Science) Ph.D., Vanderbilt University

Doctor of Philosophy in Biomedical and Health Informatics

Admission
An applicant must meet the UWM Graduate School requirements as well as the following to be considered for admission to the program:

Master’s degree in biomedical and health informatics or a related area such as Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Health Sciences, Business Administration, Nursing; or an MD degree. Exceptionally strong candidates with Bachelor’s degree in a related area will also be considered for admission.
  1. At least two letters of recommendation that attest to academic and/or professional qualifications.
  2. Scores from the GRE (general) or GMAT or MCAT (test taken within the last five years.)
For applicants who intend to satisfy the English proficiency requirement by submission of test scores, a score of at least 250 on the computer-based (or 600 on the paper-based) Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is required. A score of 6.5 on the international English Language Testing Systems (IELTS) examination will be required in lieu of the TOEFL.

The application for admission should be filed directly with the Graduate School, along with the statement of professional interest. Letters of recommendation, standardized test scores should be sent to:

Co Director
Biomedical and Health Informatics Program
College of Engineering and Applied Science
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Milwaukee, WI 53201

Requests for financial support must also be submitted to the above person.

Major Professor as Advisor
The Graduate School requires that the student have a major professor to advise, supervise and approve the program of study before registering for courses. The Biomedical and Health Informatics Steering Committee will assign the incoming student to a temporary Program Advisor at the time of admission. Prior to the completion of 12 credit (9 credits for a part-time student), the student must select a major professor who will be the student’s dissertation advisor. The student, in consultation with the major professor, develops a program of study which is submitted to the Biomedical and Health Informatics Steering Committee for approval. For subsequent changes, the student must file a revised program of study for approval.

Doctoral Program Committee
The Doctoral Program Committee is proposed by the Major Professor in consultation with the student by the end of the student’s first year of enrollment. The Program Committee, subject to the approval of the Biomedical and Health Informatics Steering Committee, shall consist of the Major Professor and at least four graduate faculty members, including at least one with health care and/or medical background, and one with informatics background.

Areas of Concentration

The Ph.D. program requires a student to follow one of the following six areas of concentration. (At the time of application, each applicant should indicate a preferred area of concentration in their statement of Reasons for Graduate Study.)

Translational Bioinformatics Track

The track in Translational Bioinformatics centers on driving the flow of knowledge from “bench to bedside”, bridging the gap between basic and clinical informatics research. This discipline has applications to drug development, genetics research, and the use of animal models to develop new understandings or treatments, which has implications both to basic science and to commercialization.

Knowledge Based Systems Track

The Knowledge Based Systems track is designed to train students in the development of techniques to support decision-making in medical practice (including both clinical and administrative decision-making) and customized instruction on health and medical topics for patients and health care providers. Technical areas include decision analysis, expected utility theory and cost-effectiveness analysis, computer-based decision support systems, user modeling and user interface design, intelligent tutoring systems, knowledge representation, structured reporting, and data mining and knowledge discovery.

Health Services Management & Policy Track

Health services management and policy research is broad in scope and touches on all of the standard functional business areas (e.g., management, strategy and marketing, finance/economics, management information systems, human resources management) in addition to government health policy/reimbursement/regulation, insurance and other payer mechanisms, dealing with health professionals, and illness/health in individuals and in populations. The track is designed to equip students to deal with both management information and with population health and illness information and research to understand the implications of such information and research, and to transform inferences from that information and research into practical recommendations on the national, state, and local level. By its nature, it is applied to health services settings including hospitals, skilled-nursing facilities, medical group practices, public health agencies, mental health services, managed care organizations, and integrated health networks.

Health Information Systems Track

The track in Health Information Systems is designed to explore the role of administrative and clinical information systems in health care organizations. Attention will be directed at the design, implementation, and maintenance of the broad array of computer applications used in the health care industry. An interdisciplinary approach will be taken drawing on expertise from the health professions, management information systems, and library and information science. Curricular content will range from systems analysis and design, system efficacy and management, to e-commerce.

Medical Imaging and Instrumentation Track

The track in Medical Imaging and Instrumentation is designed to train students in understanding and developing medical imaging systems and medical electronic instrumentation. The aspects emphasized in this track are medical imaging systems, image processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, medical instrumentation development and optimization, computer modeling, applications of electric and magnetic fields, and wireless communication.

Public Health Informatics Track

The Public Health Informatics track is designed to train students in the development of techniques, methods and tools to conduct public health research and to provide public health programs and tools for practical use. Graduates of this track will also be able to provide customized instruction on public health and related biomedical topics for public health workers, the public and others such as those in public health policy who will benefit from public health informatics. Technical areas include databases, tools and techniques for acquiring, processing, warehousing, and analyzing public health data. Other areas of expertise include utility theory and cost-effectiveness analysis, computer-based decision support systems, user modeling and user interface design, intelligent tutoring systems, structured reporting, and data mining.

Credits and Courses

Students enrolled in this program must follow all UWM Graduate School requirements and regulations. The minimum requirement for the Ph.D. in Biomedical and Health Informatics will be 58-63 credits beyond the bachelor’s degree. Up to 24 credits from a related master’s degree may be applied toward the Ph.D.

The curriculum will consist of a common set of core courses for all tracks, required and elective courses for each individual track, and the dissertation. The purpose of the core is to ensure that all graduates of the program share a basic common knowledge in biomedical and health informatics. The purpose of the tracks is to enable the students to develop significant strengths in specific sub-areas within biomedical and health informatics. The courses identified in the curriculum are offered by UWM or MCW and, in some case, by both institutions. Following are descriptions of these components and their corresponding credit requirements.

Core Courses

The core courses provide a comprehensive structure for the foundations needed for all students in biomedical and health informatics irrespective of their special interests. This includes a series of seminars that deal with different aspects of biomedical and health informatics. All students must take the following core courses or must have taken equivalent courses in previous study.

Core Courses (13 to 15 credits)
MCW 13200(A,B) Medical Informatics, 6 quarter cr
OR UWM HCA 700 Introduction to Health Care Informatics, 2 cr
UWM BMS 701 Human Pathophysiology, 3 cr
OR HCA XXX Physiology and Disease Informatics, 3 cr
MCW/UWM CompSci 870 Medical Informatics Seminar, (Four 1-credit seminars), 4 cr
UWM CompSci 557 Introduction to Database Systems, 3 cr
OR Bus Adm 749 Data and Information Management, 3 cr
UWM HCA 722 Legal, Ethical and Social Issues in Health Care Informatics, 3 cr
OR MCW 12202 Medical Ethics (1cr)
OR MCW 10222 Ethics and Integrity in Science (1cr)

Knowledge Based Systems Track

33 credits of coursework and 12 credits of dissertation are required.

Required Track Courses (12 credits)
COMPSCI 535 Algorithm Design and Analysis, 3cr
COMPSCI 710 Artificial Intelligence, 3cr
OR HCA 742 Computational Intelligence in Health Informatics, 3cr
BUS ADM 741 Web Mining and Analytics, 3cr
OR COMPSCI 425 Introduction to Data Mining, 3cr
COMPSCI 743 Intelligent User Interfaces, 3cr
OR COMPSCI 747 Human-Computer Interaction, 3cr
Required Mathematics & Quantitative Methods (6 credits)
Statistics (3 credits from the following list)
BUS ADM 795 Seminar-in-Management: Multivariate Techniques in Management Research, 3cr
BUS ADM 995 Doctoral Seminar in Decision Sciences, 3cr
ED PSY 624 Educational Statistical Methods I, 3cr
Ind Eng/OccThpy/Nurs 786: Applied Biostatistics in Ergonomics, 3cr
MTHSTAT 761 Mathematical Statistics, 3cr
Probability (3 credits from the following list)
ECON 413 Statistics for Economists, 3 cr
MATH 771 Theory of Probability, 3cr
Elective Track Courses (15 credits)
With approval of advisor and steering committee
Computing and Applications (12-15 credits)
Quantitative Analysis (Up to 6 credits)
Dissertation (12 Credits)
(Use course from program of major advisor)
BUS ADM 997, COMPSCI 998, ELECENG 998, HCA 890, InfoSt 998, NURS 997, PH 990. Credits vary.

Health Services Management & Policy Track

36 credits of coursework and 12 credits of dissertation are required.

Required Track Courses ( 21 credits)
BUS ADM 755 Health Care Administration and Delivery Systems, 3cr
BUS ADM 757 Managed Care and Integrated Health Networks, 3cr
BUS ADM 744 Information Technology Strategy and Management, 3cr
BUS MGMT 720 Strategic Management in Health Care Organizations, 3cr
BUS MGMT 727 Health Care Accounting, Law and Ethics, 3cr
BUS ADM 990 Doctoral Seminar in Strategic Management, 3cr
BUS ADM 996 Doctoral Seminar in Organizations, 3cr
Required Mathematics & Quantitative Methods (6 credits)
BUS ADM 918: Doctoral Seminar in Behavioral Research Methods in Management, 3cr
BUS ADM 714 Multivariate Techniques in Management Research, 3 cr
OR ECON 513 Econometrics, 3cr
OR ED PSY 624 Educational Statistical Methods I, 3cr
OR ECON 710 Applied Econometrics, 3cr
Elective Track Courses (9 credits)
(with approval of advisor and steering committee)
Dissertation (12 Credits)
(Use course from program of major advisor)
BUS ADM 997, COMPSCI 998, ELECENG 998, HCA 890, InfoSt 998, NURS 997, PH 990. Credits vary.

Health Information Systems Track

36 credits of coursework and 12 credits of dissertation are required.

Required Track Courses: (21 credits)
BUS ADM 744 Information Technology Strategy and Management, 3cr
BUS ADM 747 Service-Oriented Analysis and Design, 3cr
BUS ADM 817 Infrastructure for Information Systems, 3cr
OR COMPSCI 759 Data Security, 3cr
COMPSCI 720 Computational Models of Decision Making, 3cr
HCA 721 Health Information Technology Procurement, 3 cr
HCA 723 Health Care Systems Applications – Administrative and Clinical, 3cr
OR HCA 760 Biomedical and Health Care Terminology and Ontology, 3cr
Research Methods (3 credits from the following list)
IND ENG 716 Engineering Statistical Analysis, 3cr
BUS ADM 714 Multivariate Techniques in Management Research, 3cr
BUS ADM 918 Doctoral Seminar in Behavioral Research Methods, 3cr
BUS ADM 991 MIS Doctoral Seminar II (Subtitled), 3cr
NURS 882 Qualitative Approaches to Nursing Research, 3cr
NURS 883 Quantitative Approaches to Nursing Research, 3cr
Elective Track Courses (12 credits)
(with approval of advisor and steering committee)
Dissertation (12 Credits)
(Use course from program of major advisor)
BUS ADM 997, COMPSCI 998, ELECENG 998, HCA 890, InfoSt 998, NURS 997, PH 990. Credits vary.

Medical Imaging & Instrumentation Track

36 credits of coursework and 12 credits of dissertation are required

Required Track Courses ( 15 credits)
ELECENG 436 Introduction to Medical Instrumentation, 3cr
ELECENG 437 Introduction to Biomedical Imaging, 3cr
ELECENG 439 Introduction to Biomedical Optics, 3cr
ELECENG/COMPSCI 712 Image Processing, 3 cr
OR ELECENG 716 Tomography: Imaging and Image Reconstruction, 3cr
ELECENG 737 Medical Imaging Imaging Signals and Systems, 3 cr
OR ELECENG 765 Introduction to Fourier Optics and Optical Signal Processing, 3cr
Elective Track Courses (21 credits)
(with approval of advisor and steering committee)
Dissertation (12 Credits)
(Use course from program of major advisor)
BUS ADM 997, COMPSCI 998, ELECENG 998, HCA 890, InfoSt 998, NURS 997, PH 990. Credits vary.

Public Health Informatics Track

34 credits of track courses and 12 credits of dissertation are required

Required Track Courses ( 12 credits)
PH 701 Public Health Principles and Practice, 3 cr
PH 704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology, 3 cr
PH 709 Public Health Informatics, 3cr
COMPSCI 535 Algorithm Design and Analysis, 3cr
Required Statistics & Quantitative Methods ( 10 credits)
PH 702 Introduction to Biostatistics I, 3cr
PH XXX Seminar in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, 1 cr
PH 713 Analyzing Observational and Experimental Data, 3cr
PH XXX Data Management, Visualization, and Advanced Statistical Computing, 3cr
Elective Track Courses (12 credits)
(with approval of advisor and steering committee), distributed as follows:
Computing and Applications, 6 cr
Quantitative Analysis, 6 cr
Dissertation (12 Credits)
(Use course from program of major advisor)
BUS ADM 997, COMPSCI 998, ELECENG 998, HCA 890, InfoSt 998, NURS 997, PH 990. Credits vary.

Translational Bioinformatics Track

33-36 credits of track courses and 12 credits of dissertation are required

Required Track Courses (15-18 credits)
Bio Sci 490 Molecular Genetics, 3 cr
OR Bio Sci 597 RNA structure, Function and Metabolism, 3cr
OR MCW 20240 Translational Genetics, 2 cr
PH XXX Introduction to Bioinformatics, 3cr
OR MCW 17201 – Bioinformatics I: Introduction to Bioinformatics, 3 cr
OR MARQ BIIN 6000 Introduction to Bioinformatics. 3 cr
OR MARQ BIOL 5201 – Genomics and Bioinformatics, 3 cr
PH XXX Translational Bioinformatics, 3 cr
OR MCW 20100 Introduction to Clinical and Translational Research, 1 cr and MCW 20261 Clinical Trial Design, 1 cr
COMPSCI 425 Introduction to Data Mining, 3cr
OR EE/COMPSCI 711 Pattern Recognition, 3cr
OR BUS ADM 741 Web Mining and Analytics, 3cr
OR MARQ ENMA 6060 Innovation and Technology, 3cr
HCA760 Biomedical and Health Care Terminology and Ontology, 3cr
OR BUS ADM 814 Enterprise Knowledge and Semantic Management, 3cr
OR COMPSCI 810 Knowledge Representation, 3cr
OR InfoSt 714 Metadata, 3cr
HCA 723 Health Care Systems Applications – Administrative and Clinical, 3cr
OR MCW 14230 Product Development of Medical Devices, 2 cr
Quantitative Methods (9 credits from the following list)
NURS 883 Quantitative Methods in Health Research, 3cr
MATH 771 Theory of Probability, 3cr
PH 702 Introduction to Biostatistics, 3cr
NURS 727 Epidemiology, 3cr
OR MCW 11200 Introduction to Epidemiology, 3 cr
OR PH 704 Principles and Methods of Epidemiology, 3cr
PH 711 Intermediate Biostatistics, 3cr
OR MCW 04201 Biostatistics II, 3cr
PH XXX: Statistical Genetics and Genetic Epidemiology, 3cr
PH XXX Applied Quantitative Methods for Studying Population Health and Health Disparities, 3 cr
Elective Track Courses (9 credits)
(with approval of advisor and steering committee)
Dissertation (12 Credits)
(Use course from program of major advisor)
BUS ADM 997, COMPSCI 998, ELECENG 998, HCA 890, InfoSt 998, NURS 997, PH 990. Credits vary.

Residence
The student must meet Graduate School residence requirements.

Qualifying Examination
A qualifying examination must be taken to determine whether the student is qualified to perform advanced doctoral level work in biomedical and health informatics. This examination is administered by the steering committee and must be taken prior to the completion of 21 credits of coursework in the program. Doctoral Preliminary Examination
The student is also required to take a preliminary examination after all the coursework is completed and prior to the advancement of candidacy to determine the student’s preparation for independent research. Prior to the examination, the student must present a proposal for a doctoral dissertation. The preliminary examination may cover both graduate course material and the dissertation proposal. The preliminary examination must be successfully completed within five years of initial enrollment.

Dissertation
The candidate must complete a dissertation presenting independent original research that adds to the existing body of knowledge in biomedical and health informatics. It should be of such caliber that warrants publication in respected journals.

Dissertation Defense
The final oral examination will be an oral defense of the dissertation but may also cover the general field of the primary area of study. The examination may not be taken until all other degree requirements are satisfied. A majority of the examination committee members must approve the dissertation in order for the student to pass. The final oral examination must be taken within five years after passing the preliminary examination. Candidates who exceed this time limit may be required to retake the preliminary examination and be admitted to candidacy a second time.

Time Limit
All components of the Ph.D. program must be completed within 10 years of matriculation.

Schedule of Classes

The Schedule of Classes is a list of classes offered by term.