Bettina Arnold

 (414) 229-4583
 Sabin Hall 229

Web Site:


PhD, Anthropology, Harvard University
BA, Archaeology, Yale University

Courses Taught:

Anthro 101 – Human Origins (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 193 – Freshman Seminar: Fantastic Archaeology (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 305 – The Celtic World (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 306 – European Archaeology (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 307 – World Archaeology: Foundations of Civilization (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 426 – Who Owns the Past? (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 763 – Anthropology Professionalism (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 802 – Perspectives on Prehistory (Online Syllabus)
Anthro 942 – Archaeology of Gender (Online Syllabus)

Research Narrative

Professor Arnold’s area of expertise is the pre-Roman European Iron Age, but in the course of her career she has participated in archaeological projects ranging from the Middle Bronze Age through the early medieval period in western Europe. Since 1999 she has co-directed a research project in southwest-Germany focused on the burial record of the early Iron Age Heuneburg hillfort and its environs. Finds from those excavations were featured in Die Welt der Kelten: Zentren der Macht – Kostbarkeiten der Kunst, a major exhibition in Stuttgart in 2012-2013. Her work has been directed toward the following research topics: the archaeological interpretation and analysis of complex societies, particularly as reflected in mortuary contexts; material culture as a symbolic system and a means of communicating social relationships; the archaeological interpretation of prehistoric gender configurations in burial contexts; and the socio-political history of archaeology and museum collecting, especially their involvement in identity construction in 19th and 20th century nationalist and ethnic movements in Europe and the United States. She published a ground-breaking article on the use and abuse of archaeology for political purposes in Nazi Germany in Antiquity in 1990 that has been reprinted repeatedly. In addition to being the founding Editor of the on-line peer-reviewed journal e-Keltoi, she is a member of numerous editorial boards, including the History of Archaeology series for Oxford University Press and the History of Archaeology Commission of the UISPP.

Current PhD advisees are completing research projects based on the social impact of the introduction of iron in Ireland; the archaeology of identity in Iron Age Cornwall; human-animal relationships as represented in iconographic, textual and faunal material of the Iron Age in Slovenia; the role of landscape in shaping and reflecting social change at the late Iron Age/Roman transition in southern England; silver use in the Iberian Iron Age and its apparent avoidance in other areas of Europe; and the definition of deviance in the mortuary context of pre-Roman and Roman Iron Age mortuary contexts in southern Britain.

Masters student advisees frequently work with museum collections at the Milwaukee Public Museum or at other institutions (most recently the Smithsonian, Harvard’s Peabody Museum and the Logan Museum). The titles of recent Masters theses can be found at the following URL:

Other Relevant Activities

Editor, Center for Celtic Studies on-line journal, e-Keltoi
Editorial Board, Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology, Oxford University Press

Selected Publications

Arnold, B., & Murray, M. L. (2015, June). Zwei hallstattzeitliche Grabhügel der Hohmichele-Gruppe im „Speckhau“. Krausse, D., Kretschmer, I., Hansen, L., & Fernández-Götz, M. (Eds.). Die Heuneburg: Ein Keltischer Fürstensitz an der oberen Donau, 114-117. Stuttgart: Konrad Theiss Verlag.
Garstki, K., Arnold, B., & Murray, M. L. (2015). Reconstituting community: 3D visualization and early Iron Age social organization in the Heuneburg mortuary landscape. Journal of Archaeological Science, 54, 23-30.
Arnold, B. (2015, January (1st Quarter/Winter)). Archaeology and politics in the 21st century: still Faustian, but not much of a bargain. Paradigm Found: Archaeological Theory, Past, Present and Future. Essays in Honor of Evžen Neustupný, 178-185. Oxford: Oxbow.
Arnold, B., & Jeske, R. J. (2014). The Archaeology of Death: Mortuary Archaeology in the United States and Europe 1990–2013. Annual Reviews of Anthropology, 43, 325-346.
Arnold, B. (2014, November). Life after life: bioarchaeology and postmortem agency. Crandall, J., & Martin, D. (Eds.). Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 24(3), 523-529.
Arnold, B. (2013). The lake dwelling diaspora and natural history museums: identity, collecting and ethics. Menotti, F., & O’Sullivan, A. (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology, 865-881. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Arnold, B. (2012). The Vix Princess redux: a retrospective on European Iron Age gender and mortuary studies. Prados Torreira, L. (Ed.). La Arqueología funeraria desde una perspectiva de género, 215-232. UA Ediciones.
Arnold, B. (2011). The illusion of power, the power of illusion: ideology and the concretization of social difference in early Iron Age Europe. Bernbeck, R., & McGuire, R. (Eds.). Ideologies in Archaeology, 151-174. University of Arizona Press.
Counts, D. B., & Arnold, B., eds. (2010). The Master of Animals in Old World Iconography. Budapest: Archaeolingua.